United States District Court, S.D. Illinois
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
PHIL GILBERT UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
John Sanders, an inmate in the custody of the Illinois
Department of Corrections (“IDOC”) who is
currently incarcerated at Graham Correctional Center
(“Graham”), brings this action pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 1983 for the alleged denial of mental health
treatment by officials at Madison County Jail and Alton City
Jail in 2019. (Doc. 1, pp. 6, 8-11). Plaintiff claims that he
requested and was denied treatment of an unspecified mental
health condition by jail officials who offered him no valid
explanation for the denial. (Id.). He seeks money
damages against the Madison County Jail Administrator,
Madison County Jail Health Care Administrator, and Alton City
Jail Administrator. (Id. at p. 7).
Complaint is now before the Court for preliminary review
under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, which requires the Court to
screen prisoner Complaints and filter out non-meritorious
claims. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Any portion of the
Complaint that is legally frivolous or malicious, fails to
state a claim for relief, or requests money damages from an
immune defendant must be dismissed. 28 U.S.C. §
1915A(b). At this juncture, the factual allegations are
liberally construed. Rodriguez v. Plymouth Ambulance
Serv., 577 F.3d 816, 821 (7th Cir. 2009).
on the allegations summarized above, the Court finds it
convenient to designate a single claim in the pro se
Count 1: Defendants denied Plaintiff mental
health treatment in violation of his constitutional rights at
Madison County Jail and/or Alton City Jail in 2019.
other claim mentioned in the Complaint but not addressed
herein is considered dismissed without
prejudice as inadequately pled under
1983 creates a cause of action based on personal liability
and predicated upon fault. Pepper v. Village of Oak
Park, 430 F.3d 809, 810 (7th Cir. 2005). In order to
pursue a Section 1983 claim for money damages against a state
actor, a plaintiff must name the individual as a defendant in
the action and set forth allegations showing that
the defendant caused or participated in a deprivation of
Plaintiff's constitutional rights. Id. Plaintiff
cannot state a claim against a defendant by merely listing
the individual as a party to the action. Collins v.
Kibort, 143 F.3d 331, 334 (7th Cir. 1998).
has done just that. In the case caption and list of
defendants, he names three defendants: (1) Madison County
Jail Administrator (Captain Eales); (2) Madison County Jail
Health Care Administrator; and (3) Alton City Jail
Administrator (John Doe). (Doc. 1, pp. 1-2). He does not
mention these individuals anywhere in the statement of his
claim. Although he attaches grievances filed in connection
with this matter, the grievances also do not mention any
defendants. The Court has no way to assess whether each
defendant acted, or failed to act, in manner that violated
must set forth basic allegations describing what each
individual did, or failed to do, in violation of his
constitutional rights. The reason that he must associate
specific defendants with specific claims is to put each
defendant on notice of the claims against him or her, so each
defendant can properly answer the Complaint. Rule 8(a)(2) of
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure requires only “a
short and plain statement of the claim showing that the
pleader is entitled to relief, ” in order to
“‘give the defendant fair notice of what the . .
. claim is and the grounds upon which it rests.'”
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (quoting Conley v.
Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 47 (1957)). Because Plaintiff has
not set forth any allegations against the defendants in the
Complaint, Count 1 shall be dismissed without prejudice for
failure to state a claim against them.
Complaint does not survive preliminary review and shall be
dismissed. However, Plaintiff will have an opportunity to
re-plead his claim(s) against the defendant(s), if he wishes
to proceed with this action. He is bound by the instructions
and deadline set forth in the disposition.
IS ORDERED that the Complaint, including
COUNT 1, is DISMISSED
without prejudice for failure to state a claim for relief
against Defendants MADISON COUNTY JAIL ADMINISTRATOR
(Captain Eales), MADISON COUNTY JAIL HEALTH CARE
ADMINISTRATOR, and ALTON CITY JAIL
ADMINISTRATOR (John Doe).
is GRANTED leave to file a “First
Amended Complaint” on or before February 13,
2020. Should Plaintiff fail to file a First Amended
Complaint within the allotted time or consistent with the
instructions set forth in this Order, the entire case shall
be dismissed with prejudice for failure to comply with a
court order and/or for failure to prosecute his claims.
Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b); Ladien v. Astrachan, 128 F.3d
1051 (7th Cir. 1997); Johnson v. Kamminga, 34 F.3d
466 (7th Cir. 1994); 28 U.S.C. § ...