United States District Court, S.D. Illinois
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
G. WILKERSON U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE
accordance with 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), plaintiff seeks
judicial review of the final agency decision denying his
application for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 423.
applied for SSI in October 2015, alleging a disability onset
date of October 27, 2015. After holding an evidentiary
hearing, an ALJ denied the application on November 22, 2017.
(Tr. 24-34). The Appeals Council denied plaintiff's
request for review, making the ALJ's decision the final
agency decision subject to judicial review. (Tr. 2).
Plaintiff exhausted administrative remedies and filed a
timely complaint with this Court.
Raised by Plaintiff
raises the following issues:
1. The ALJ failed to properly evaluate plaintiff's
complaints of pain.
2. The ALJ did not properly evaluate the opinion of
plaintiff's treating physician, Dr. Miner.
qualify for SSI, a claimant must be disabled within the
meaning of the applicable statutes. Under the Social Security
Act, a person is disabled if he has an “inability to
engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any
medically determinable physical or mental impairment which
can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can
be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than
twelve months.” 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(a).
determine whether a plaintiff is disabled, the ALJ considers
the following five questions in order: (1) Is the plaintiff
presently unemployed? (2) Does the plaintiff have a severe
impairment? (3) Does the impairment meet or medically equal
one of a list of specific impairments enumerated in the
regulations? (4) Is the plaintiff unable to perform her
former occupation? and (5) Is the plaintiff unable to perform
any other work? 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520.
affirmative answer at either step 3 or step 5 leads to a
finding that the plaintiff is disabled. A negative answer at
any step, other than at step 3, precludes a finding of
disability. The plaintiff bears the burden of proof at steps
1-4. Once the plaintiff shows an inability to perform past
work, the burden then shifts to the Commissioner to show the
plaintiff's ability to engage in other work existing in
significant numbers in the national economy. Zurawski v.
Halter, 245 F.3d 881, 886 (7th Cir. 2001).
important to recognize that the scope of judicial review is
limited. “The findings of the Commissioner of Social
Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial
evidence, shall be conclusive. . . .” 42 U.S.C. §
405(g). Thus, this Court must determine not whether plaintiff
was, in fact, disabled at the relevant time, but whether the
ALJ's findings were supported by substantial evidence and
whether any errors of law were made. Lopez ex rel. Lopez
v. Barnhart, 336 F.3d 535, 539 (7th Cir. 2003). The
Supreme Court defines substantial evidence as “such
relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as
adequate to support a conclusion.” Biestek v.
Berryhill, 139 S.Ct. 1148, 1154 (2019) (internal
reviewing for “substantial evidence, ” the entire
administrative record is taken into consideration, but this
Court does not reweigh evidence, resolve conflicts,
decide questions of credibility, or substitute its own
judgment for that of the ALJ. Burmester v.
Berryhill, 920 F.3d 507, 510 (7th Cir. 2019).
However, while judicial review is deferential, it is not
abject; this Court does not act as a rubber stamp for the
Commissioner. See, Parker v. Astrue, 597 F.3d 920,
921 (7th Cir. 2010), and cases cited therein.
Decision of the ALJ
followed the five-step analytical framework described above.
He determined that plaintiff had not worked at the level of
substantial gainful activity since the alleged onset date.
The ALJ found that plaintiff had severe impairments of
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma,
pulmonary fibrosis, severe obstructive sleep apnea, obesity,
inflammatory arthritis/rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative
disc disease, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction.
found that plaintiff had the RFC to do light work, which
requires lifting up to 20 pounds at a time with frequent
lifting or carrying of objects weighing up to 10 pounds,
except that he could never climb ladders, ropes, or
scaffolds; only occasionally climb ramps or stairs; only
occasionally balance, stoop, kneel, crouch, and crawl; and
should avoid frequent exposure to extreme cold, extreme heat,
wetness, humidity, fumes, odors, dusts, gases, poor
ventilation, hazards, machinery, and heights.
on the testimony of a vocational expert, the ALJ found that
plaintiff was not able to do his past relevant work. However,
he was not disabled because he was able to do other jobs that
exist in significant numbers in the national economy.
Court has reviewed and considered the entire evidentiary
record in formulating this Memorandum and Order. The
following summary of the record ...