United States District Court, S.D. Illinois
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
PHIL GILBERT UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Cameron Belk, a pretrial detainee at St. Clair County Jail
(“Jail”), filed this civil rights action pursuant
to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Sheriff Richard Watson on
May 13, 2019. (Doc. 1). In the Complaint, Plaintiff
complained of unconstitutional conditions of confinement he
encountered at the Jail beginning in February 2019. (Doc. 1,
pp. 1-10). He requested money damages, injunctive relief, and
release from confinement. (Id. at pp. 5-8).
an initial screening of the Complaint on May 21, 2019,
Plaintiff was allowed to proceed with two claims against
Count 1 - Defendant violated Plaintiff's
Fourteenth Amendment rights by delaying his medical intake
evaluation and access to blood pressure medication for four
days in February 2019.
Count 4 - Defendant violated Plaintiff's
Fourteenth Amendment rights by housing him alongside twelve
other inmates in a 432 square foot space without proper
temperature controls, poor ventilation, and a heightened risk
of infection for 24 hours per day beginning in February 2019.
(Doc. 11, pp. 7-9). The Court dismissed five other claims
(Counts 2, 3, 5, 6, 7) against the sheriff, as well as two
motions for emergency medical care filed May 13 and 15, 2019.
(Docs. 2, 4, 9).
weeks that followed, Plaintiff filed two more Motions for
Injunctive Medical Care on May 28 and June 10, 2019. (Docs.
17 and 20). Both motions targeted claims that were dismissed
at screening and addressed the ongoing denial of medical care
for two suspected strokes. Rather than dismiss the motions
outright, the Court entered an Order deferring a decision on
them and recruiting counsel to represent Plaintiff on June
12, 2019. (See Doc. 21). The Court instructed
Plaintiff to file a First Amended Complaint, if he sought
reinstatement of any dismissed claims, and to supplement or
replace his Motions for Injunctive Medical Care, if he
intended to pursue his request for interim relief in
connection with the claims. (Id.). Plaintiff filed a
new Motion for Preliminary Injunction (Doc. 43) on August 22,
2019, and two Motions for Leave to File First Amended
Complaint (Docs. 47 and 49) on September 22 and 23,
Court now considers Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to File
First Amended Complaint (Doc. 49). Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 15(a)(2) provides that leave to amend should be
freely given when justice so requires. Because Plaintiff
seeks leave to reinstate dismissed claims and name additional
defendants in connection with the claims at this early stage
in litigation, the Court is inclined to grant his motion.
Before doing so, however, Plaintiff's First Amended
Complaint is subject to review under 28 U.S.C. §
First Amended Complaint, Plaintiff expands upon factual
allegations originally set forth in the Complaint to bring
ten separate claims against Sheriff Watson and thirteen (13)
additional defendants (Major Grime, Captain Collins, Wexford,
Dr. Larson, Aramark, Aramark Correction Services, Mary
Robinson, Janice McCarron,  John Doe ##1-2, and Jane Doe
##1-3). Plaintiff alleges that he has been denied adequate
and timely medical care for damage caused by a stroke he
suffered prior to his detention at the Jail on February 8,
2019. He has since suffered from additional suspected strokes
and related health problems. Plaintiff also complains of
unsafe and unsanitary conditions in I Block, LL-D Block, and
the chow hall.
with Plaintiff's designations in the First Amended
Complaint, the Court recharacterizes the claims involved in
this pro se action, as follows:
Count 1 - Watson, Wexford, and Jane Doe
##1-3 violated Plaintiff's Fourteenth Amendment rights by
delaying or denying him medical care and access to stroke
medication from February 8-11, 2019. (Doc. 49-1, pp. 3-5).
Count 2 - Larson violated Plaintiff's
Fourteenth Amendment rights when he refused to conduct
testing and evaluation for stroke-related damage to
Plaintiff. (Doc. 49-1, pp. 5-9).
Count 3 - Watson, Wexford, Grime, Collins,
and Larson violated Plaintiff's Fourteenth Amendment
rights by denying him access to therapeutic aids. ...