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Sailsbery v. Village of Sauk Village

United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division

November 28, 2017

VILLAGE OF SAUK VILLAGE, an Illinois Municipality; MAYOR DAVID HANKS, individually; J.W. FAIRMAN, individually and in his official capacity as Public Safety Director; FAIRMAN CONSULTANTS, LTD. an Illinois Corporation, Defendants.



         Plaintiff Rebecca Sailsbery alleges that she was wrongly denied a promotion and then demoted by her employer the Village of Sauk Village (the “Village”), its mayor Mayor David Hanks, and its Public Safety Director, J.W. Fairman, and Fairman's private company, Fairman Consultants, Ltd. Sailsbery also is the defendant in another lawsuit involving the Village. Her attorney in that lawsuit left his law firm to join the law firm representing Hanks. Sailsbery moves to disqualify her former attorney and his new firm from representing Hanks [118]. Because Hanks' law firm screened Sailsbery's former attorney from this litigation and can certify the screening to Sailsbery, the Court does not find that disqualification is appropriate and denies Sailsbery's motion.


         After Sailsbery filed this action, Shirley Moore, a woman arrested and detained by Village police, filed suit against Sailsbery, other police officers, and the Village. See Moore v. Vill. of Sauk Village, No. 16 C 2861 (N.D. Ill. filed May 20, 2016). Moore alleges that Sailsbery and the other Village police officers violated Moore's civil rights during an arrest and detention at the Village's police station. The law firm of HeplerBroom represents Sailsbery in the Moore litigation. One of the attorneys that worked on the case for Sailsbery and filed her answer to Moore's complaint was Gabriel Judd. During his time on the case, Sailsbery alleges that she gave Judd “numerous facts about the incidents that gave rise to the Moore litigation and facts about [this] litigation pursuant to the attorney-client privilege.” Doc. 118 at 2. Sailsbery sat for her deposition in this litigation on May 25, 2017.

         Around August 7, 2017, Judd accepted a partnership offer at Lewis Brisbois, the law firm that represents Hanks in this litigation. Before Judd accepted that offer, Lewis Brisbois ran a conflict check on Judd's practice. Lewis Brisbois only screened the client base that Judd intended to bring to Lewis Brisbois, not other former clients and prior representations. The conflict check did not indicate any actual or potential conflicts created by Judd's involvement in the Moore litigation.

         On September 25, 2017, Sailsbery filed this motion to disqualify. On September 29, 2017, Lewis Brisbois established a conflict screen ethical wall, screening Judd from this litigation. Lewis Brisbois set up the ethical wall because the firm's managing partner learned of Sailsbery's motion to disqualify the firm. The conflict screen rules followed by Lewis Brisbois include obtaining a conflict waiver from their affected client; screening attorneys, files, and electronic data; and internal verification that the firm's rules are being followed. Judd has not worked on this litigation.


         A motion to disqualify counsel requires a two-step analysis where the Court (1) considers whether there is an ethical violation and then, if so, (2) determines whether disqualification is appropriate to remedy the violation. alfaCTP Sys., Inc. v. Nierman, No. 15-cv-9338, 2016 WL 687281, at *4 (N.D. Ill. Feb. 19, 2016). Disqualification of counsel is a “drastic measure” imposed only “when absolutely necessary.” Black Rush Mining, LLC v. Black Panther Mining, 840 F.Supp.2d 1085, 1089 (N.D. Ill. 2012) (quoting Schiessle v. Stephens, 717 F.2d 417, 420 (7th Cir. 1983)). Because disqualification deprives a party of the representation of their choosing, disqualification motions-although sometimes legitimate and necessary-are “viewed with extreme caution for they can be misused as techniques of harassment.” Freeman v. Chicago Musical Instrument Co., 689 F.2d 715, 721 (7th Cir. 1982). “There must be solid evidence to support an allegation of conflict.” Fematt v. Finnigan, No. 11-cv-1530, 2012 WL 3308759, at *2 (N.D. Ill. Aug. 13, 2012). The moving party therefore bears a heavy burden of proving the facts required for disqualification. alfaCTP Sys., Inc., 2016 WL 687281, at *4; Guillen v. City of Chicago, 956 F.Supp. 1416, 1421 (N.D. Ill. 1997).


         Sailsbery argues that the Court should disqualify Lewis Brisbois from representing Hanks because of Judd's prior attorney-client relationship with Sailsbery. There is no dispute that Judd had an attorney-client relationship with Sailsbery in the Moore litigation and is now an attorney at the firm representing Sailsbery's adverse party, Hanks. Sailsbery argues that (1) a conflict exists because Judd had a prior relationship with Sailsbery on a matter substantially related to this lawsuit and that (2) Judd's conflict is imputed to Lewis Brisbois because the firm did not take the appropriate steps for screening Judd from this case when he became a partner at the firm.

         I. Prior Attorney-Client Relationship Conflict

         ABA Model Rule of Professional Conduct 1.9 provides that a lawyer who “formerly represented a client in a matter shall not thereafter represent another person in the same or a substantially related matter in which that person's interests are materially adverse to the interests of the former client unless the former client gives informed consent, confirm[ed] in writing.” Model Rules of Prof'l Conduct r. 1.9(a). To determine whether a former relationship is substantially related to a current relationship, the Seventh Circuit uses a three-part analysis in which: (1) the Court makes a factual reconstruction of the scope of the Moore litigation, (2) the Court determines whether it is reasonable to infer that the confidential information allegedly exchanged in the Moore litigation would have been given in such a matter, and (3) the Court determines whether the information exchanged in the Moore litigation is relevant to the issues raised in this litigation. LaSalle Nat'l Bank v. County of Lake, 703 F.2d 252, 255-56 (7th Cir. 1983). If, after evaluating the facts, there is a substantial relationship between the representations, then a presumption arises that the attorney received relevant confidential information during the prior representation. Id. at 256. Then the attorney in question may rebut the presumption on the facts of the case. Schiessle, 717 F.2d at 420.

         The Court begins with reconstructing the scope of the Moore litigation, which involves alleged violations of the civil rights of Moore, who entered the Village police station at a time when Sailsbery was Deputy Chief of Police of the Village Police Department.[1] The Moore plaintiff alleges that she was unlawfully arrested and left alone to attempt to commit suicide because of wrongful acts by Village police officers other than Sailsbery. The Moore plaintiff alleges that Sailsbery, as Deputy Chief of Police, had policymaking authority over the police department and that, when the plaintiff tried to file a formal complaint against the other officers, Sailsbery tried to stop her and ratified the officers' misconduct. Moore, No. 16 C 2861, Doc. 1 ¶¶ 77-79. The Moore plaintiff may also have brought claims against Sailsbery directly for her role in the plaintiff's arrest and detention. See generally Id. (referring to “Defendant Officers” to describe many alleged constitutional violations). Judd filed an appearance for Sailsbery and signed and filed Sailsbery's answer to the complaint. Moore, No. 16 C 2861, Docs. 5, 28.

         The Court next reviews whether it is reasonable to infer that the confidential information allegedly exchanged with Judd would have been given to a lawyer representing Sailsbery in the Moore litigation. Sailsbery alleges that she gave Judd confidential information “about the incidents that gave rise to the Moore litigation.” Doc. 118 at 2. It is reasonable to infer that Sailsbery gave Judd some confidential information about that litigation-Judd filed her answer and presumably helped draft it.[2] Sailsbery also states that she gave confidential information to Judd about this litigation, saying that “[s]he disclosed . . . facts about the instant litigation.” Doc. 118 at ...

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