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Jones v. Tilden

United States District Court, C.D. Illinois

November 1, 2017

GREGORY DAVID JONES, Plaintiff,
v.
DR. ANDREW TILDEN, et al., Defendants.

          MERIT REVIEW ORDER

          JOE BILLY McDADE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, pursues a § 1983 action for deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs at the Pontiac Correctional Center. The case is before the Court for a merit review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. In reviewing the Complaint, the Court accepts the factual allegations as true, liberally construing them in Plaintiff's favor. Turley v. Rednour, 729 F.3d 645, 649-51 (7th Cir. 2013). However, conclusory statements and labels are insufficient. Enough facts must be provided to “state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.” Alexander v. United States, 721 F.3d 418, 422 (7th Cir. 2013)(citation and internal quotation marks omitted). While the pleading standard does not require “detailed factual allegations”, it requires “more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Wilson v. Ryker, 451 Fed.Appx. 588, 589 (7th Cir. 2011) quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).

         Plaintiff had a pre-existing back injury dating back to 2014. He claims that his back injury made it difficult for him to climb to the top bunk in his cell. On June 22, 2016, Plaintiff met with Defendant Ojelade, a Physician's Assistant. He claims that Defendant Ojelade recognized his difficulty, told him it would get worse but refused to give him a low bunk permit. Plaintiff claims that on an unidentified date, he fell and injured his knee while trying to climb onto the top bunk.

         On August 14, 2016 and August 17, 2016, Plaintiff submitted medical request slips to be seen for his back and knee pain. He claims that Dr. Tilden refused to see him and that his condition deteriorated. On an unidentified date, Plaintiff was given a direct order to climb to the top bunk. When he was physically unable to do so, he was sent to segregation. Dr. Tilden eventually issued a top bunk permit but refused to treat the back injury. Plaintiff claims that, as a result of Defendant Ojelade and Tilden's refusal to issue a low bunk permit, he was often forced to sleep on the floor or toilet.

         It is well established that deliberate indifference to the serious medical needs of prisoners violates the Eighth Amendment. Snipes v DeTella, 95 F.3d 586, 590 (7th Cir 1996), citing Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. at 104, 97 S.Ct. 285 (1976). A claim does not rise to the level of an Eighth Amendment issue, however, unless the defendant “actually knew of an impending harm easily preventable.” Antonelli v. Sheahan, 81 F.3d 1422, 1427 (7th Cir.1996). Here, it appears that Defendants allegedly knew of an impending harm in Plaintiff's inability to access the top bunk and failed to easily prevent it by issuing a low bunk permit. This refusal allegedly resulting in Plaintiff falling, injuring his knee and further injuring his back. Plaintiff pleads a colorable deliberate indifference claim for Defendant Ojelade's refusal to provide him a low bunk permit and Defendant Tilden's refusal to provide the permit and treat his knee and back injuries.

         Plaintiff claims that he wrote several grievances which he marked “emergency” but which Warden Melvin denied as emergencies. Plaintiff attempts to impute deliberate indifference to Warden Melvin based on this denial. It is well established, however, that “the alleged mishandling of grievances by persons who otherwise did not cause or participate in the underlying conduct states no claim.” Owens v. Hinsley, 635 F.3d 950, 953 (7th Cir. 2011). Defendant Melvin is DISMISSED.

         IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED:

         1. This case shall proceed against Defendants Tilden and Ojelade for deliberate indifference to Plaintiff's serious medical needs. Any claims not identified will not be included in the case, except in the Court's discretion upon motion by a party for good cause shown, or by leave of court pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15. Defendant Michael P. Melvin is DISMISSED.

         2. Plaintiff files [21], a motion for recruitment of pro bono counsel. The Court does not possess the authority to require an attorney to accept pro bono appointments on civil cases such as this. Pruitt v. Mote, 503 F.3d 647, 653 (7th Cir. 2007). The most that the Court can do is to ask for volunteer counsel. Jackson v. County of McLean, 953 F.2d 1070, 1071 (7th Cir. 1992). In determining whether the Court should attempt to find an attorney to voluntarily take a case, the question is whether the plaintiff appears competent to litigate his own claims, given their degree of difficulty. Pruitt at 655. Here, plaintiff alleges deliberate in difference for the failure to issue a low bunk permit and treat his knee and back pain. These issues are not complex and involve facts of which Plaintiff has direct, personal knowledge. [21] is DENIED. Plaintiff's previously filed motion for recruitment of counsel [4] is MOOT.

         3. Plaintiff files [8], indicating that Pontiac was on lockdown and he could not access his legal boxes. He requests a Court order allowing access. This, the Court will not do. If, however, Plaintiff is impeded in meeting a deadline, he may request an extension of time in which to comply. [8] is DENIED. Plaintiff files [10], a motion to suspend proceedings and a subsequently filed [12], motion to resume proceedings. [12] is GRANTED as [10] is rendered MOOT.

         4. Plaintiff files [13] a renewed petition to proceed in forma pauperis. Plaintiff has, however, already paid the filing fee. See docket entry of June 19, 2007. [13] is DENIED. Plaintiff's motions for status [15 and 18], are rendered MOOT by this order. Plaintiff files [19], requesting leave to amend his complaint but does not include a proposed amended complaint. [19] is DENIED, with leave to reassert.

         5. Plaintiff files [20], a motion to compel which is actually a request for an injunction ordering that he be provided the requested heath care. He also files [22], requesting that the Court order Pontiac to issue him an alternate cuffing permit which Defendant Ojelade allegedly did not renew the permit as an act of retaliation. Plaintiff claims that without the permit his health will be in jeopardy, without further explanation. The Seventh Circuit has repeatedly stated that a preliminary injunction is an exercise of a very far-reaching power, never to be indulged in except in a case clearly demanding it. Girl Scouts of Manitou Council, Inc. v. Girl Scouts of U.S.A., Inc., 549 F.3d 1079, 1085 (7th Cir. 2008). A party seeking the injunction has the burden to prove that he will suffer irreparable harm during the time prior to final resolution of his claims, the inadequacy of legal remedies available, and some likelihood of success on the merits. Ty, Inc. v. Jones Group, Inc., 237 F.3d 891, 895 (7th Cir. 2001). Here, Plaintiff does not establish that he will suffer irreparable harm if a preliminary injunction is denied. [20] and [22] are DENIED.

         6. The Clerk is directed to send to each Defendant pursuant to this District's internal procedures: 1) a Notice of Lawsuit and Request for Waiver of Service; 2) a Waiver of Service; 3) a copy of the Complaint; and 4) a copy of this Order.

         7. If a Defendant fails to sign and return a Waiver of Service to the Clerk within 30 days after the Waiver is sent, the Court will take appropriate steps to effect formal service on that Defendant and will require that Defendant pay the full costs of formal service pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(d)(2). If a Defendant no longer works at the address provided by Plaintiff, the entity for which Defendant worked at the time identified in the Complaint shall provide to the Clerk Defendant's current work address, or, if not known, Defendant's forwarding address. This information will be used only for purposes of ...


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