United States District Court, S.D. Illinois
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
J. ROSENSTENGEL United States District Judge
Angel Rector (“Rector”) claims that, while she
was employed by Defendant Wexford Health Sources, Inc.
(“Wexford”) as a nurse practitioner at
Pinckneyville Correctional Center, she suffered sexual
harassment and was a victim of retaliation. Pending before
the Court is a Motion for Summary Judgment filed by Defendant
Wexford (Doc. 52) and a Motion for Summary Judgment filed by
Defendant Anitra Parrish Steckenrider
(“Steckenrider”) (Doc. 53). After the motions
were fully briefed, the Court heard oral argument on December
1, 2016. For the reasons set forth below, both motions for
summary judgment are granted.
and Procedural Background 
has worked as a nurse practitioner at Pinckneyville
Correctional Center (“Pinckneyville”) from 2009
to the present (Doc. 52, p. 3; Doc. 59, p. 2). She is
specifically employed by Defendant Wexford, who contracts
with the State of Illinois to provide comprehensive medical,
dental, mental health, and pharmacy services to individuals
remanded to the custody of the Illinois Department of
Corrections (“IDOC”) (Doc. 52, p. 2-3; Doc. 59,
p. 1). Defendant Steckenrider was an employee of Wexford from
January 2013 through January 2014, and served as the Director
of Nursing within Pinckneyville, which was a managerial or
supervisory position, but she was not Rector's direct
supervisor (Doc. 52, p. 3; Doc. 52-1, p. 3). Dr. Vipin Shah
(“Dr. Shah”) is also an employee of Wexford, and
he served as the Medical Director at Pinckneyville from July
2011 through January 2016 (Doc. 52, p. 4; Doc. 60-4, p. 3;
Doc. 60-5, p. 6). As the Medical Director of Pinckneyville,
Dr. Shah was Rector's direct supervisor (Doc. 52, p. 4;
Doc. 60-5, p. 53). Terry McCann (“McCann”) was
the Wexford Regional Supervisor, and he oversaw the Wexford
operation within Pinckneyville (Doc. 52, p. 4; Doc. 59, p.
claims that, during her time at Pinckneyville, Steckenrider
made many inappropriate comments in the workplace on a
frequent and daily basis (Doc. 69, p. 3; Doc. 60-5, p. 32).
Rector's office was located next to Steckenrider's
office, their offices sharing a wall, and Rector often
overheard these inappropriate comments (Doc. 59, p. 3). The
topics of these comments included Steckenrider's sexual
experiences, physical appearance, and sexual desires (Doc.
60-5, pp. 32-38). These comments were made directly to
Rector, made to other Wexford employees and overheard by
Rector, or heard by Rector through other employees
(Id.). Rector specifically alleges that Steckenrider
made the following comment to her directly:
● Steckenrider, referencing an officer who worked at
the prison, said that “I fuck him. I love him. His
girlfriend, wife, ex-wife and lover all work here.”
(Doc. 60-5, pp. 32-33).
comments made to others in the workplace and overheard by
Rector include the following:
● Steckenrider commented to multiple employees that her
“pussy lips were black” and she did not know why
(Doc. 60-5, p. 36).
● Steckenrider commented to two other employees that
“my boyfriend started throwing dildos, sex toys around
the room and accused me of living big n***** dick.”
(Doc. 60-5, p. 35).
● Steckenrider made the following comments to other
employees on various occasions: “I want to fuck him,
” “Oh, my God, he is so sexy, ” and
“I love black men.” (Doc. 60-5, p. 36).
● Steckenrider commented to another employee that
“I got so drunk on a boat that I let some chick eat me
out and then I let my cousin fuck me.” (Doc. 60-5, p.
also heard from another employee, Christine Brown, that
Steckenrider showed other employees a photograph of a
man's penis, using a thumb to cover up “her
parts” when they were at a country club after work for
a personal gathering (Doc. 60-5, p. 24-25; Doc. 59, p. 5).
Rector also heard from another employee, Amy Hughsman, that
Steckenrider told Hughsman while they were at work that
“she wanted to fuck [Huseman's] son.” (Doc.
60-5, p. 18).
also claims that an inappropriate comment was made by McCann.
Specifically, Rector overheard McCann ask another employee,
Melissa Sageser, “how did your surgery turn out?”
(referencing her recent breast surgery) (Doc. 60-5, p. 19).
Sageser responded “[a]s long as they stay right here, I
will be 100 percent satisfied.” (Doc. 60-5, p. 20).
Rector does not know what McCann said in response, as the two
had walked behind a closed door (Id.).
alleges that Steckenrider's sexual comments in the
workplace were so offensive and occurred so often that it
caused her to experience concentration issues at work (Doc.
59, p. 6; Doc. 60-5, p. 54). Often times, other nurses would
approach Rector with complaints about Steckenrider's
behavior (Doc. 59, p. 6; Doc. 60-5, pp. 54-55).
March 2013 and June 2013, Rector complained about
Steckenrider's conduct to Christine Brown, the
facility's Healthcare Unit Administrator, on five
different occasions (Doc. 59, p. 6; Doc. 60-5, p. 24). Rector
also reported Steckenrider's conduct to her direct
supervisor, Dr. Shah, on a daily basis (Doc. 60-5, p. 29).
Additionally, in June 2013, Rector reported
Steckenrider's conduct to Assistant Warden Jody Goetting
on two separate occasions, and to Terry McCann on two
separate occasions (Doc. 60-5, p. 26, 28).
reporting such conduct, Rector complains that the following
things occurred: (1) her overtime hours diminished; (2) she
experienced a two-month delay in receiving reimbursement for
a DEA license fee; (3) she was advised that her schedule was
planned to be changed; (4) Steckenrider began enforcing the
tardy and call-in policy; (5) Steckenrider addressed the
dress code policy in a meeting, after McCann witnessed Rector
providing patient care in non-uniform dress; and (6) McCann
held a meeting with Rector where he questioned Rector about
alleged wrongdoing and accused her of being a “ring
leader” and creating issues at work (Doc. 59, pp.
April 2013, Rector was able to relocate her office in order
to avoid Steckenrider (Doc. 59, p. 6). In July 2013, Rector
filed charges of discrimination against Wexford,
Steckenrider, and McCann with the Illinois Department of
Human Rights (“IDHR”), alleging that she had been
subjected to sexual harassment, a hostile work environment,
and experienced acts of retaliation for seeking relief from
the harassing behavior (Doc. 52, p. 4; Doc. 52-3, p. 4; Doc.
60-5, p. 13; Doc. 59, p. 15). The IDHR ...