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Southard v. Sangamon County

United States District Court, C.D. Illinois

April 5, 2017

SANGAMON COUNTY, et al., Defendants.



         Plaintiff proceeds pro se from his detention in the Sangamon County Jail. His Complaint is before the Court for a merit review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. This section requires the Court to identify cognizable claims stated by the Complaint or dismiss claims that are not cognizable.[1] In reviewing the complaint, the Court accepts the factual allegations as true, liberally construing them in Plaintiff's favor and taking Plaintiff's pro se status into account. Turley v. Rednour, 729 F.3d 645, 649 (7th Cir. 2013). However, conclusory statements and labels are insufficient. Enough facts must be provided to "'state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.'" Alexander v. U.S., 721 F.3d 418, 422 (7thCir. 2013)(quoted cite omitted).

         Plaintiff alleges that, on February 24, 2017, he went to the control room to ask Mrs. Thompson for a grievance form in order to complain about H pod not having access to the commissary the day before, while all the other pods were allowed to go. Plaintiff believes that the H pod is discriminated against because the H pod houses “LGBT” detainees and detainees charged with sex offenses.

         Instead of giving Plaintiff a grievance form, Mrs. Thompson went to get Sergeant Carey.[2] Sergeant Carey then approached Plaintiff, hurled a barrage of offensive comments at Plaintiff, and then took Plaintiff out of camera range and assaulted Plaintiff, causing Plaintiff injuries, including broken teeth. In addition to the offensive comments, Sergeant Carey allegedly told Plaintiff that Plaintiff got what he deserved for filing lawsuits.

         These allegations state a plausible excessive force, harassment, and retaliation claims against Sergeant Carey. The Court is aware that “simple” verbal harassment does not rise to the level of a constitutional violation, but Plaintiff's allegations arguably allow the inference that the harassment was severe enough to amount to punishment under the due process clause. See, e.g., Beal v. Foster, 803 F.3d 356 (7th Cir. 2015)(acknowledging that “most verbal harassment . . . does not rise to the level of cruel and unusual punishment” but reversing for further development where inmate alleged pervasive verbal sexual harassment which arguably put inmate at risk of harm from other inmates); Hughes v. Scott, 816 F.3d 955 (7th Cir. 2016)(civil detainee's allegations of being called ignorant, stupid, and a moron and warning that detainee's life would be better if he did not file grievances could arise to more than simple verbal harassment); DeWalt v. Carter, 224 F.3d 607, 612 (7th Cir. 2000)(“Standing alone, simple verbal harassment does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment, deprive a prisoner of a protected liberty interest or deny a prisoner equal protection of the laws.”)

         However, no claim is stated on these allegations against the Sheriff or the Jail superintendents. These individuals cannot be held liable for the constitutional violations of their employees just because they are in charge. No plausible inference arises that the Sheriff or Jail supervisors participated in, directed, or approved of Defendant Carey's behavior. See George v. Smith, 507 F.3d 605, 609-10 (7th Cir. 2007) (“Only persons who cause or participate in the violations are responsible. Ruling against a prisoner on an administrative complaint does not cause or contribute to the violation.”); Soderbeck v. Burnett County, 752 F.2d 285, 293 (7th Cir. 1985)(“Failure to take corrective action cannot in and of itself violate section 1983. Otherwise the action of an inferior officer would automatically be attributed up the line to his highest superior . . . .”). They will be dismissed without prejudice to amendment.


         1) Based on the other cases pending in the Central District, the Court believes that Defendant “Carry” should be “Brian Carey.” If the Court is incorrect, then by April 14, 2017, Plaintiff should file a motion to correct stating the first and last name of this defendant.

         2) Defendants Barr, Beck, Durr, and Strayer are dismissed, without prejudice, for failure to state a claim against them.

         3) Pursuant to its merit review of the Complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court finds that Plaintiff states constitutional claims against Defendant Carey for excessive force, harassment, and retaliation claims. This case proceeds solely on the claims identified in this paragraph. Any additional claims shall not be included in the case, except at the Court's discretion on motion by a party for good cause shown or pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15.

         4) This case is now in the process of service. Plaintiff is advised to wait until counsel has appeared for Defendants before filing any motions, in order to give Defendants notice and an opportunity to respond to those motions. Motions filed before Defendants' counsel has filed an appearance will generally be denied as premature. Plaintiff need not submit any evidence to the Court at this time, unless otherwise directed by the Court.

         5) The Court will attempt service on Defendants by mailing each Defendant a waiver of service. Defendants have 60 days from the date the waiver is sent to file an Answer. If Defendants have not filed Answers or appeared through counsel within 90 days of the entry of this order, Plaintiff may file a motion requesting the status of service. After Defendants have been served, the Court will enter an order setting discovery and dispositive motion deadlines.

         6) With respect to a Defendant who no longer works at the address provided by Plaintiff, the entity for whom that Defendant worked while at that address shall provide to the Clerk said Defendant's current work address, or, if not known, said Defendant's forwarding address. This information shall be used only for effectuating service. Documentation of forwarding addresses shall be retained only by the Clerk and shall not be maintained in the public docket nor disclosed by the Clerk.

         7) Defendants shall file an answer within 60 days of the date the waiver is sent by the Clerk. A motion to dismiss is not an answer. The answer should include all defenses appropriate under the Federal Rules. The answer and subsequent pleadings shall be to the issues and claims stated in this Opinion. In general, an answer sets forth Defendants' positions. The Court does not rule on the merits of those positions ...

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