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Brown v. Pontiac Correctional Center

United States District Court, C.D. Illinois

March 23, 2017




         Plaintiff proceeds pro se from his incarceration in Menard Correctional Center. His Complaint is before the Court for a merit review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. This section requires the Court to identify cognizable claims stated by the Complaint or dismiss claims that are not cognizable.[1] In reviewing the complaint, the Court accepts the factual allegations as true, liberally construing them in Plaintiff's favor and taking Plaintiff's pro se status into account. Turley v. Rednour, 729 F.3d 645, 649 (7th Cir. 2013). However, conclusory statements and labels are insufficient. Enough facts must be provided to "'state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.'" Alexander v. U.S., 721 F.3d 418, 422 (7thCir. 2013)(quoted cite omitted).

         Plaintiff alleges that he has been prescribed psychotropic medications, which he must take every night to keep his mental issues at bay. During the month of August 2016, Plaintiff was transferred to the Pontiac Correctional Center on a temporary writ. Plaintiff was repeatedly refused his psychotropic medicines for days at a time despite his repeated pleas to nurses and correctional officers.

         These allegations state a plausible Eighth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to Plaintiff's serious medical need for his prescribed medicines. However, Plaintiff names no Defendants. Only the individuals who were personally responsible for denying Plaintiff his medications may be sued and, perhaps, Wexford Health Sources, Inc., if the constitutional deprivation was caused by that company's failure to implement a policy to ensure the continuation of prescribed medicines for inmates on temporary writs. At this point, the Warden of Pontiac and Wexford Health Sources, Inc., will be listed as Defendants. Once they have appeared through counsel, Plaintiff must send a discovery request to defense counsel seeking the names of the correctional and medical staff assigned to his housing unit in August 2016 at Pontiac.

         On a separate matter, the Court notes that Plaintiff marked the “no” checkbox to the question asking whether the grievance process is complete. An inmate must complete the entire grievance process, including appeals, before filing a lawsuit. 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). However, failure to exhaust is an affirmative defense that must be raised by Defendants unless the defense is plainly obvious from the complaint. The determination would be premature on this record.


         1) Pursuant to its merit review of the Complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court finds that Plaintiff states an Eighth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to his serious medical need for prescribed psychotropic medications. This case proceeds solely on the claims identified in this paragraph. Any additional claims shall not be included in the case, except at the Court's discretion on motion by a party for good cause shown or pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15.

         2) Michael Melvin (Warden at Pontiac Correctional Center) and Wexford Health Sources, Inc., are added as Defendants.

         3) Pontiac Correctional Center is terminated as a Defendant.

         4) This case is now in the process of service. Plaintiff is advised to wait until counsel has appeared for Defendants before filing any motions, in order to give Defendants notice and an opportunity to respond to those motions. Motions filed before Defendants' counsel has filed an appearance will generally be denied as premature. Plaintiff need not submit any evidence to the Court at this time, unless otherwise directed by the Court.

         5) The Court will attempt service on Defendants by mailing each Defendant a waiver of service. Defendants have 60 days from the date the waiver is sent to file an Answer. If Defendants have not filed Answers or appeared through counsel within 90 days of the entry of this order, Plaintiff may file a motion requesting the status of service. After Defendants have been served, the Court will enter an order setting discovery and dispositive motion deadlines.

         6) With respect to a Defendant who no longer works at the address provided by Plaintiff, the entity for whom that Defendant worked while at that address shall provide to the Clerk said Defendant's current work address, or, if not known, said Defendant's forwarding address. This information shall be used only for effectuating service. Documentation of forwarding addresses shall be retained only by the Clerk and shall not be maintained in the public docket nor disclosed by the Clerk.

         7) Defendants shall file an answer within 60 days of the date the waiver is sent by the Clerk. A motion to dismiss is not an answer. The answer should include all defenses appropriate under the Federal Rules. The answer and subsequent pleadings shall be to the issues and claims stated in this Opinion. In general, an answer sets forth Defendants' positions. The Court does not rule on the merits of those positions unless and until a motion is filed by Defendants. Therefore, no response to the answer is necessary or will be considered.

         8) This District uses electronic filing, which means that, after Defense counsel has filed an appearance, Defense counsel will automatically receive electronic notice of any motion or other paper filed by Plaintiff with the Clerk. Plaintiff does not need to mail to Defense counsel copies of motions and other papers that Plaintiff has filed with the Clerk. However, this does not apply to discovery requests and responses. Discovery requests and responses are not filed with the Clerk. Plaintiff must mail his discovery requests and responses directly to Defendants' counsel. Discovery requests or responses sent to the Clerk will be returned unfiled, unless they are attached to and the subject of a ...

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