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Park Pet Shop, Inc. v. City of Chicago
United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division
August 3, 2015
PARK PET SHOP, INC., POCKET PUPPIES BOUTIQUE, INC., JIM PARKS, SR., LANE BORON, SUSAN REID, and CEDAR WOODS FARM, Plaintiffs,
THE CITY OF CHICAGO through the City Council of Chicago, SUSANA A. MENDOZA, in her official capacity as City Clerk of the City of Chicago, and SANDRA ALFRED, in her official capacity as Executive Director of the City of Chicago Department of Animal Control, Defendants.
JORGE ALONSO, District Judge.
In their first amended complaint, plaintiffs allege that a Chicago ordinance regulating the sale of dogs, cats, and rabbits is unconstitutional. They seek to file a second amended complaint to: (1) "make express in their jurisdictional paragraph that this Court has authority to enter the... relief requested"; (2) allege new facts and assert new theories in support of their Commerce Clause claim; and (3) assert an alternative takings claim. (Mot. Leave Amend Compl. at 1-2.) Leave to amend should be "freely give[n], " see Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a), absent "undue delay, bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of the movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the amendment, [or] futility of amendment." Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962).
Defendants argue that the motion should be denied because plaintiffs could have incorporated the proposed amendments in their first amended complaint and allowing them to amend now will prolong the case, and thus the stay of enforcement of the contested ordinance. ( See Defs.' Resp. Pls.' Mot. Leave Am. Compl. at 2-4.) Neither of these arguments is persuasive. Assuming arguendo that plaintiffs could have incorporated the proposed amendments earlier, their short delay in seeking to do so given that this case is still in the pleading stage is not a reason for denying their motion. See McCoy v. Iberdrola Renewables, Inc., 760 F.3d 674, 687 (7th Cir.) (noting that "[t]he issue of undue delay generally arises when a plaintiff seeks leave to amend deep into the litigation"), reh'g denied, 769 F.3d 535 (2014); Tamari v. Bache & Co. (Lebanon) S.A.L., 838 F.2d 904, 909 (7th Cir. 1988) ("A number of cases say that delay by itself does not justify denying a motion to amend a pleading in view of the statement in Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a) that leave [to amend] shall be freely given when justice so requires.'"). Moreover, defendants' contention that the delay in the proceedings, and concomitant delay in enforcing the ordinance, will prejudice them rings hollow given their voluntary agreement not to ...