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United States v. Chagoya-Morales

United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division

May 4, 2015

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
v.
JOSE CHAGOYA-MORALES

MEMORANDUM OPINION

SAMUEL DER-YEGHIAYAN, District Judge.

This matter is before the court on Defendant Jose Chagoya-Morales' (Chagoya-Morales) pretrial motions. For the reasons stated below, the motions are denied.

BACKGROUND

Chagoya-Morales was indicted and charged with the offense of illegal reentry in violation of U.S.C.ยง 1326(a). The one-count indictment alleges that Chagoya-Morales, an alien who previously had been deported and removed from the United States on or about August 7, 2009, was present and found in the United States on or about January 16, 2015 without previously having obtained the express consent of the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security for reapplication for admission into the United States. On March 17, 2015, Chagoya-Morales was arraigned and pled not guilty to the charge. On April 1, 2015, Chagoya-Morales filed motions in limine and the Government has since responded.

DISCUSSION

Chagoya-Morales requests in his motions: (1) that the court order the Government to disclose Grand Jury transcripts, (2) that the court order the Government to produce any favorable, exculpatory, and impeaching evidence, and (3) that the court order the Government to give notice of its intent to use evidence of other crimes, wrongs, and/or bad acts.

I. Grand Jury Transcripts

Chagoya-Morales requests that the Government disclose all Grand Jury transcripts no later than ninety days prior to trial. The Government indicates that on April 6, 2015 it provided Chagoya-Morales with transcripts of the testimony of all of the witnesses who testified before the Grand Jury in this case. Since the Government has already disclosed the Grand Jury transcripts, the motion is denied as moot.

II. Favorable, Exculpatory, and Impeaching Evidence

Chagoya-Morales requests that the Government produce any favorable, exculpatory, and impeaching evidence pursuant to the principles enunciated in Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83 (1963) and Giglio v. United States, 405 U.S. 150 (1972). Pursuant to United States v. Bagley, 473 U.S. 667 (1986), Chagoya-Morales also requests that all such material be produced immediately or no later than forty-five days prior to trial.

The Government has an "obligation to disclose any evidence in its possession that is both material and favorable to a defendant." See United States v. Roberts, 534 F.3d 560, 572 (7th Cir. 2008)(stating that "[t]his evidence includes impeachment evidence as well as exculpatory evidence"). The Government indicates that it understands its disclosure obligation under Brady and that it has, to date, complied with such obligation. (Ans. 1-2). The Government further indicates that if it becomes aware of any further Brady evidence, it will promptly provide such evidence to Chagoya-Morales. (Ans. 2). The Government states that it understands its disclosure obligation under Giglio and maintains that it will disclose all such information no later than two weeks prior to trial. (Ans. 2). The Government also represents that this case is not overly complex and anticipates that the trial, in the opinion of the Government, will last no longer than one or two days. (Ans. 2).

The Government is already in compliance with its Brady obligations. Further, the Government's proposed disclosure of Giglio information two weeks prior to trial is reasonable in light of the nature of the case and will give Chagoya-Morales adequate time to prepare for trial. Therefore, Chagoya-Morales' motion for the production of any favorable, exculpatory, and impeaching evidence forty-five days prior to trial is denied.

III. Crimes, Wrongs, and/or Bad Acts Evidence

Chagoya-Morales requests that the court order the Government to give notice of its intent to use evidence of other crimes, wrongs, and/or bad acts, pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b) (Rule 404(b)). Chagoya-Morales requests the court to order production of such Rule 404(b) evidence ...


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