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Archdale v. Vilsack

United States District Court, C.D. Illinois, Peoria Division

March 18, 2015



JAMES E. SHADID, Chief District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Defendants Thomas J. Vilsack ("Vilsack") and Edward Knipling's ("Knipling") Motion for Summary Judgment. This motion is fully briefed and for the reasons set forth below, Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment is GRANTED.


On August 28, 2013, Plaintiff Michelle Archdale ("Archdale") filed a pro se Complaint alleging Defendants deprived her of due process and denied her equal protection under the law. Archdale names several defendants in her lawsuit. Defendants Katherine M. O'Hara, Paul G. Sebesta, Todd J. Ward, and Christy G. Gibson were dismissed pursuant to this Court's March 9, 2015 Order. As to the remaining Defendants Vilsack and Knipling, Archdale is not requesting monetary damages, but rather she is requesting injunctive relief. Specifically, Archdale seeks an injunction requiring Vilsack, through the Office of General Counsel, to provide counsel for her during her Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") proceedings. Archdale also seeks an injunction requiring the United States Department of Agriculture ("USDA") to comply with the leave policy in the Agreement between ARS and AFGE Local 3247.

The Agreement between ARS and AFGE Local 3247 provided a grievance process for employees who had issues and concerns about their sick and annual leave. Archdale, who has filed a grievance in the past, did not use utilize the grievance process because she missed the deadline for filing, but instead filed a complaint with the EEOC.

Archdale was deposed before the EEOC by the Defendants on matters related to her allegations that the USDA discriminated against her by forcing her to use all of her sick leave, annual leave, and leave without pay for a period of four years. During the deposition, John Salch ("Salch") appeared with Archdale. Salch, although not an attorney, was the chief negotiator of Union Local 3247 and Archdale identified him as the person who could interpret the labor agreement that existed between ARS and AFGE Local 3247. The EEOC subsequently dismissed Archdale's case. Archdale filed suit in this Court on August 28, 2013. On July 22, 2014, Vilsack and Knipling moved for Summary Judgment Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 12(b)(6) or in the Alternative 12(b)(1).


1. Legal Standard

A motion for summary judgment will be granted where there are no genuine issues of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). The moving party has the responsibility of informing the Court of portions of the record or affidavits that demonstrate the absence of a triable issue. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552 (1986). The moving party may meet its burden of showing an absence of material facts by demonstrating "that there is an absence of evidence to support the non-moving party's case." Id. at 2553. Any doubt as to the existence of a genuine issue for trial is resolved against the moving party. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 2513 (1986); Cain v. Lane, 857 F.2d 1139, 1142 (7th Cir. 1988).

If the moving party meets its burden, the non-moving party then has the burden of presenting specific facts to show that there is a genuine issue of material fact. See Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co., Ltd. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586-87, 106 S.Ct. 1348, 1355-56 (1986). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(e) requires the non-moving party to go beyond the pleadings and produce evidence of a genuine issue for trial. Celotex Corp., 106 S.Ct. at 2553. This Court must then determine whether there is a need for trial - whether, in other words, there are any genuine factual issues that properly can be resolved only by a finder of fact because they may be reasonably resolved in favor of either party. Anderson, 106 S.Ct. at 2511; Hedberg v. Indiana Bell Tel. Co., 47 F.3d 928, 931 (7th Cir. 1995).

2. Analysis

A. Right to Counsel

Defendants argue they are entitled to summary judgment on Archdale's claim that the USDA is required to provide her with counsel during administrative proceedings. The EEOC does not appoint attorneys to represent Complainants. See Monteiro v. Mabus, 2010 WL 4898956, *2 (E.E.O.C., Nov. 18, 2010). Further, it is well-settled that civil litigants have no statutory or constitutional right to counsel. See Jackson v. Kotter, 541 F.3d 688, 700 (7th Cir. 2008); Johnson v. Doughty, 433 F.3d 1001, 1019 (7th Cir. 2006); Sells v. Berry, 24 Fed.Appx. 568, 571 (7th Cir. 2001); Zarnes v. Rhodes, 64 F.3d 285, 288 (7th Cir. 1995). The point is buttressed by the Seventh Circuit's holding that during an EEOC investigation, a complainant is generally without counsel and therefore, not held to strict technical standards. Jenkins v. Blue Cross Mut. Hospital Ins., Inc., 538 F.2d 164, 167 (7th Cir. 1976); Love v. Pullman Co., 404 U.S. 522, 527 (1972); Slade v. Perfect Access Software Training, 2001 ...

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