United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ex rel. J. DAVID JOHN, Plaintiff and Relator,
J. DENNIS HASTERT, Defendant
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For J. David John, United States of America, ex. rel., Plaintiff: Michael Kevin Goldberg, LEAD ATTORNEY, Goldberg Law Group, LLC, Chicago, IL; John Joseph Muldoon, III, Muldoon & Muldoon LLC, Chicago, IL.
For J. Dennis Hastert, Defendant: Justin A. Chiarodo, LEAD ATTORNEY, Dickstein Shapiro Llp, Washington, DC; Ethan Allen Hastert, Mayer Brown LLP, Chicago, IL.
Charles P. Kocoras, United States District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on the motion of Defendant J. Dennis Hastert (" Hastert" ) to dismiss the amended complaint brought by Plaintiff J. David John (" John" ) pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1), 12(b)(6) and 9(b). For the reasons set forth below, the motion is granted.
The following are allegations in John's amended complaint, many of which were
recited in the Court's previous opinion. See U.S. ex rel. John v. Hastert, No. 13 C 5014, 2014 WL 4652662 (N.D. Ill. Sept. 18, 2014). John is a resident of Burr Ridge, Illinois. Hastert is a resident of Yorkville, Illinois (" Yorkville" ). Both former college wrestlers, John and Hastert knew each other from their student athlete days at Wheaton College.
A. The Former Speaker Statute and the MRA Handbook
Hastert is the former speaker (the " Former Speaker" ) of the United States House of Representatives (the " House" ). Upon his retirement from the House, Hastert opened an office in Yorkville (the " Office" ) as is permitted under 2 U.S.C. § 31b-1 to 31b-7 (reclassified as 2 U.S.C. § § 5125-29) (the " Former Speaker Statute" ). The Former Speaker Statute, 2 U.S.C. § 31b-2, states that upon retirement the former Speaker of the House is permitted:
" an allowance equal to the Members' Representational Allowance (to be paid in the same manner as such Allowance) for the office and other expenses incurred in connection with the administration, settlement, and conclusion of matters pertaining to or arising out of his incumbency in office as a Representative in Congress and as Speaker of the House of Representatives."
Hastert kept the Office for exactly five years as permissible by the House rules. Hastert was given an allowance for the Office equal to a Congressional Member's Representational Allowance (" MRA" ) for the Office's expenses. See 2 U.S.C. § 31b-2. He was provided with staff, including an administrative assistant and two secretaries. See 2 U.S.C. § 31b-5. John attaches 144 pages of disbursement statements to the amended complaint, compiled by the Chief Administrative Office and sent to Hastert (the " Disbursement Statements" ).
According to the Members' Representation Allowance Handbook (the " MRA Handbook" ):
" Ordinary and necessary expenses incurred by the Member or the Member's employees . . . are reimbursable in accordance with the regulations contained in [the] Members' Congressional Handbook. . . [d]isbursements from the MRA are made on a reimbursement or direct payment basis and require specific documentation and Member certification as to accuracy and compliance with applicable federal laws, House Rules, and Committee regulations."
" Ordinary and necessary" expenses are defined as:
" reasonable expenditures in support of official and representational duties to the district from which he or she is elected that are consistent with all applicable federal laws, Rules of the House of Representatives and regulations of the Committee on House Administration."
Hastert allegedly submitted vouchers to the House every fiscal quarter from 2008 through 2012 for reimbursement of various expenses, including the Office's rent, the Office's equipment and supplies, the salaries of his three employees, the lease and expenses of the GMC Yukon (the " Yukon" ), consulting and legal fees, and other miscellaneous expenses. These vouchers supposedly contained supporting documentation (receipt, lease, bills, etc.) and Hastert's signature.
B. Allegations of Private Business Dealings
1. The Office
From 2008 to 2012, John engaged in a variety of business ventures with companies, including ESPN and Interstate, to organize a professional golf tournament in the Middle East and to develop a Formula One racetrack and technology park in California.
John alleges that he worked with Hastert on these private business ventures. John claims that he worked with Hastert on the Wheaton College wrestling team, fundraising for the J. Dennis Hastert Center for Economics, Government and Public Policy (the " Hastert Center" ), other personal projects, and social affairs. All John's interactions with Hastert were coordinated through the Office's phone, mail, email, (sent to either the Office or through the domain @formerspeaker.org) and Hastert's mobile phone issued from the Office. John attaches seven emails from one of Hastert's employees, sent between October 2008 and February 2009. These emails discussed, among other things, directions to the Office for a meeting with Hastert, scheduling meetings between John and Hastert, travel arrangements for Hastert, and a meeting with an Ambassador regarding the golf tournament in the Middle East.
At the same time he ran the Office, Hastert was also employed by the lobbying firm, Dickstein Shapiro, which lobbies for companies, including the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, The Servicemaster Company, HR Green, Polybrite and Centerpoint. John alleges that he hired Hastert to perform consulting and lobbying services for various existing and future projects.
2. The Employees
The Office employed three employees, Lisa Post (" Post" ), Bryan Harbin (" Harbin" ), and Thomas Jarman (" Jarman" ). John claims that Hastert regularly used his employees to make arrangements for, do research for, and coordinate with third parties concerning Hastert's private business dealings. For instance, John claims that Jarman was primarily involved with the Hastert Center. John attaches a House " Report of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct The Matter of Representative Charles B. Rangel" (" Rangel Report" ), which states that activities regarding the establishment and development of such establishments like the Hastert Center are not a legitimate use of MRA funds. John also alleges that he observed Hastert's employees working on Hastert's lobbying business and other personal business ventures. Providing no specific details, John alleges that Hastert's employees reported to him that all business-related matters pertaining to the Former Speaker were completed in 2008.
3. The Yukon
John asserts that Hastert's Yukon was mainly used for Hastert's personal use and private business deals. John alleges that Hastert and Jarman used the Yukon to drive to St. Louis to attend the NCAA Division I Wrestling championships held March 19th to the 21st of 2009. John also claims that Post or Harbin would drive Hastert in the Yukon to private business matters, including to deals John was involved with. John alleges that Hastert submitted ...