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Walker v. MacY's Retail Holding, Inc.

United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division

February 26, 2015

NORMA WALKER, Plaintiff,


RUBÉN CASTILLO, District Judge.

Norma Walker ("Plaintiff') filed this action in the Circuit Court of Cook County against Macy's Retail Holding, Inc. ("Macy's) and Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ("Wal-Mart") (collectively "Defendants") alleging state law negligence claims. (R. 1-1, Compl.) Wal-Mart removed the action to this Court. (R. 1, Notice of Removal.) Presently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion to remand the case to state court. (R. 17, Pl.'s Mot. to Remand.) For the reasons set forth below, the motion is denied.


Plaintiff is a citizen and resident of Illinois. (R. 1-1, Compl. at 1.) Wal-Mart is a Delaware corporation with its executive headquarters in Arkansas. (R. 1, Notice of Removal at 1.) Macy's is a New York corporation with its executive headquarters in Ohio. ( Id. at 2.) On February 28, 2014, Plaintiff filed suit against Defendants in state court. (R. 1-1, Compl.) She alleges that on January 14, 2014, she was severely injured when clothing she had purchased from Defendants' stores caught fire while she was using the stove in her kitchen. ( Id. at 1-5.) She alleges that the clothing burned more rapidly than it should have, and that it was not safe or fit for normal use. ( Id. at 3, 5.) She claims to have suffered "severe burns to her face and arms and body, " necessitating medical treatment and causing her physical pain and economic losses. ( Id. at 2, 5.) She included a prayer for damages "in an amount in excess of... $50, 000" against each Defendant. ( Id. at 3, 5.)

On March 4, 2014, Wal-Mart was served with the complaint. (R. 1, Notice of Removal at 2.) On April 8, 2014, Wal-Mart filed a notice of removal with this Court, asserting that diversity jurisdiction exists under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. ( Id. at 1.) On June 9, 2014, Plaintiff filed a motion to remand the case to state court.[1] (R. 17, Pl.'s Mot. to Remand.) She argues that the notice of removal was defective because it was not filed within 30 days after Wal-Mart was served with the complaint. ( Id. at 1.) Defendants filed a joint response objecting to the remand. (R. 22, Defs.' Resp.) Thereafter, Plaintiff filed a reply in support of her motion. (R. 24, Pl.'s Reply.)


"[A]ny civil action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant or the defendants, to the district court of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). A notice of removal must be filed "within 30 days after the receipt by the defendant, through service or otherwise, of a copy of the initial pleading setting forth the claim for relief upon which such action or proceeding is based[.]" 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b)(1). "The party seeking removal has the burden of establishing federal jurisdiction, and federal courts should interpret the removal statute narrowly, resolving any doubt in favor of the plaintiff's choice of forum in state court." Schur v. L.A. Weight Loss Ctrs., Inc., 577 F.3d, 752, 758 (7th Cir. 2009). "In considering a motion for remand, the court must examine the plaintiff['s] complaint at the time of the defendant's removal and assume the truth of all factual allegations contained within the original complaint." Scouten v. MNL-FTS, LLC, 708 F.Supp.2d 729, 731 (N.D. III. 2010) (citation omitted).


Plaintiff argues that Wal-Mart's notice of removal was not timely filed within 30 days of service, and was instead late by four days. (R. 17, Pl.'s Mot. Remand at 1-2.) Defendants disagree that the notice was untimely, and argue that the notice was promptly filed after they obtained information through discovery to suggest that Plaintiff's damages likely exceeded $75, 000. (R. 22, Defs.' Resp. at 2-3; R. 22-5, Keil Aff. ¶ 6.) The Court need not resolve this dispute because, ironically, Plaintiff's motion to remand was itself untimely.

"A motion to remand the case on the basis of any defect other than lack of subject matter jurisdiction must be made within 30 days after the filing of the notice of removal[.]" 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). This 30-day time limit "prevents shuttling of cases between state and federal court, and it prevents extended litigation that does no more than determine where the litigation shall proceed." In re Matter of Cont'l Cas. Co., 29 F.3d 292, 295 (7th Cir. 1994). In this case, Wal-Mart's notice of removal was filed on April 8, 2014. (R. 1, Notice of Removal.) Plaintiff waited until June 9, 2014, to file her motion to remand, which was more than 30 days after the notice of removal was filed. (R. 17, Pl.'s Mot. to Remand.) The issue raised by Plaintiff in her motion- untimeliness of the notice-does not pertain to the Court's subject matter jurisdiction and is thus subject to waiver. See Pettitt v. Boeing Co., 606 F.3d 340, 343 (7th Cir. 2010) (procedural defects in the removal process "are waived if a party does not bring a timely motion to remand the case to state court" (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c))); McMahon v. Bunn-O-Matic Corp., 150 F.3d 651, 653 (7th Cir. 1998) ("[A]ny defect in the removal process other than the lack of subject-matter jurisdiction must be raised within 30 days or is forfeited."); see also In re Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co., 104 F.3d 322, 324 (11th Cir. 1997) ("The untimeliness of a removal is a procedural, instead of a jurisdictional, defect."); Bova v. U.S. Bank N.A., 446 F.Supp.2d 926, 932 (S.D. III. 2006) (objection to removal based on untimeliness was waived where plaintiff raised it more than 30 days after the notice of removal was filed).

Additionally, the pleadings reflect that the requirements of diversity jurisdiction are met in this case. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). Plaintiff is a citizen of Illinois, whereas the corporate Defendants are citizens of Delaware, New York, and other states. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(l). The notice of removal asserts that the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000, and this appears to be a reasonable, good-faith estimate in light of Plaintiff's claim that she suffered severe burns to her face and body as a result of defects in the clothing she purchased at Defendants' stores.[2] See Blomberg v. Serv. Corp. Int'l, 639 F.3d 761, 763 (7th Cir. 2011) (the party seeking removal does not have to establish what damages the plaintiff will actually recover, but only needs to provide a plausible, good-faith estimate of how much is in controversy between the parties). Plaintiff does not challenge this amount; indeed, in a proposed amended complaint she tendered in this case, she acknowledges that her damages-for months of hospitalization, "excruciating physical pain, " "burns, " and "numerous skin grafts"-exceed $75, 000. (R. 18-1, Pl.'s Proposed Third Am. Compl. ¶¶ 8, 25.) She made this same acknowledgement in a status report filed earlier in the case. ( See R. 13, Joint Status Report at 2-3.) Based on the record, the Court concludes that the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000.

Accordingly, because Plaintiff did not timely move to remand based on a procedural defect in the removal process, her motion cannot be granted.[3] Pettitt, 606 F.3d at 343; McMahon, 150 F.3d at 653. In other words, "even if the defect in the removal process could have justified a remand... because 30 days passed without protest-and the problem does not imperil subject matter jurisdiction-the case is in federal court to stay." Pettitt, 606 F.3d at 343 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted).


For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff's motion to remand (R. 17) is denied. Plaintiff is granted 30 days to file an amended complaint in this federal action. The parties are ordered to appear for a status hearing on April 1, 2015, at 9:45 a.m., and to exhaust all settlement possibilities prior to the hearing.

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