United States District Court, S.D. Illinois
September 29, 2014
VICTOR FOURSTAR, JR., #XXXXX-XXX, Plaintiff,
FERNANDO COSTELL, NEIL VAZQUEZ, and UNKNOWN PARTY, Defendants.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
NANCY J. ROSENSTENGEL, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on a complaint filed by Plaintiff Victor Fourstar, Jr., a federal inmate currently incarcerated at Atwater United States Penitentiary in Atwater, California, against Defendants for failure to protect Plaintiff from an attack by another inmate and failure to treat Plaintiff's injuries. (Doc. 1). Plaintiff has also filed a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this case without prepayment of the Court's usual $350.00 filing fee in a civil case. (Doc. 2). See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a).Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court is required to conduct a prompt threshold review of the complaint. For the following reasons, Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is denied.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, a federal court may permit a prisoner who is indigent to bring a "suit, action or proceeding, civil or criminal, " without prepayment of fees upon presentation of an affidavit stating the prisoner's assets together with "the nature of the action... and affiant's belief that the person is entitled to redress." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). In the case of civil actions, a prisoner's affidavit of indigence must be accompanied by "a certified copy of the trust fund account statement (or institutional equivalent) for the prisoner for the 6-month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint... obtained from the appropriate official of each prison at which the prisoner is or was confined." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2).
In this case, Plaintiff has tendered an affidavit of indigence that is sufficient as to form, but he is nonetheless barred by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). According to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, a prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment in forma pauperis
if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). On these grounds, Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) must be denied.
Court documents are, of course, public records of which the Court can take judicial notice. See Henson v. CSC Credit Servs., 29 F.3d 280, 284 (7th Cir. 1994). Review of documents filed on the Public Access to Court Electronic Records ("PACER") website (www.pacer.gov) discloses that Plaintiff has already filed at least three previous cases that were dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failure to state a claim: See Fourstar v. Ness, CV-05-108-SHE (D. Mont. Judgment of dismissal filed April 26, 2006; affirmed on appeal May 5, 2008); Fourstar v. Murlak, CV-07-5892-ODW-SS (C.D. Cal. Judgment of dismissal filed May 26, 2010; affirmed on appeal December 1, 2010); and Fourstar v. Zemyan, CV-08-50-GF-SEH (D. Mont. Judgment of dismissal filed August 26, 2008; appeal dismissed for failure to prosecute April 15, 2009).
Because Plaintiff has three "strikes" for purposes of § 1915(g), he may not proceed in forma pauperis in this case unless he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has explained that "imminent danger" within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) requires a "real and proximate" threat of serious physical injury to a prisoner. Ciarpaglini v. Saini, 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003) (citing Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 529 (7th Cir. 2002)). In general, courts "deny leave to proceed IFP when a prisoner's claims of imminent danger are conclusory or ridiculous." Id. at 331 (citing Heimermann v. Litscher, 337 F.3d 781, 782 (7th Cir. 2003)). Additionally, "[a]llegations of past harm do not suffice" to show imminent danger; rather, "the harm must be imminent or occurring at the time the complaint is filed, " and when prisoners "allege only a past injury that has not recurred, courts deny them leave to proceed IFP." Id. at 330 (citing Abdul-Wadood v. Nathan, 91 F.3d 1023 (7th Cir. 1996)).
The complaint is devoid of allegations that might lead the Court to conclude that Plaintiff is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. Plaintiff claims that in late November 2013, while incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois, he was attacked by a fellow inmate. (Doc. 1, p. 4). Plaintiff asserts a claim against Defendant Unknown Party for failure to protect him. Id. In addition, Plaintiff raises claims against Defendants Costello and Vazquez alleging that they failed to provide medical treatment for Plaintiff's injuries. Id. Neither of these claims suggests that Plaintiff is presently in imminent danger of serious physical injury. In fact, since the incidents giving rise to this complaint, Plaintiff has been transferred halfway across the country from the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois, to the United States Penitentiary in Atwater, California - far from the defendants named in this case. As such, Plaintiff's claims do not meet the exception to the three strikes rule.
The Court concludes that Plaintiff has not shown that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury so as to escape the "three-strikes" rule of Section 1915(g), thus, he cannot proceed in forma pauperis in this case. Therefore, it is hereby ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this case (Doc. 2) is DENIED. It is further
ORDERED that Plaintiff shall pay the full filing fee of $400.00 for this action within twenty-one (21) days of the date of entry of this Order. If Plaintiff fails to comply with this Order in the time allotted by the Court, this case will be dismissed. See FED. R. CIV. P. 41(b); Ladien v. Astrachan, 128 F.3d 1051, 1056-57 (7th Cir. 1997); Johnson v. Kamminga, 34 F.3d 466, 468 (7th Cir. 1994).
Plaintiff is ADVISED that his obligation to pay the $400.00 filing fee for this action was incurred at the time the action was filed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1); Lucien v. Jockisch, 133 F.3d 464, 467 (7th Cir. 1998).
Finally, Plaintiff is FURTHER ADVISED that he is under a continuing obligation to keep the Clerk and each opposing party informed of any change in his address; the Court will not independently investigate his whereabouts. This shall be done in writing and not later than seven (7) days after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to comply with this order will cause a delay in the transmission of court documents and may result in a dismissal of this action for want of prosecution.
IT IS SO ORDERED.