United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division
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MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Rubé n Castillo, Chief United States District Judge.
Plaintiff Abraham Alexan  filed an action against Chicago Police Officers Burke, Star #8447 (" Burke" ), and Odegard, Star #13258, (" Odegard" ) (collectively, " CPD Officers" ), and Roman Uniat and Lisa Wood, alleging false arrest, conspiracy, and failure to investigate in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (" Section 1983" ), and malicious prosecution in violation of Illinois law. (R. 1, Compl.) Plaintiff's counsel filed a motion for voluntary dismissal of the CPD Officers on January 24, 2012, (R. 15, Pl.'s Mot. Dismiss Officers), which the Court granted that day, (R. 17, Min. Entry). On March 1, 2012, Plaintiff's counsel reported to the Court that the case had been settled, and the Court dismissed the case with prejudice. (R. 18, Min. Entry.) Presently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion to vacate the Court's dismissal of the case pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b). (R. 19, Pl.'s Mot.) For the reasons set forth below, the Court denies in part and grants in part Plaintiff's motion.
Plaintiff was the office manager for Andersonville Dental, located at 5206 North Paulina Street in Chicago, Illinois. (R. 1, Compl. ¶ 8.) Uniat and Wood were patients at Andersonville Dental. ( Id. ¶ 9.) On or about June 8, 2010, Plaintiff asked Uniat to leave the dental office due to Uniat's disruptive behavior and inappropriate language. ( Id. ¶ 10.) After Uniat left, Wood called the office and threatened to shut the business down and have the employees arrested. ( Id. ¶ 12.) Later the same day, the CPD Officers arrested Plaintiff at the dental office. ( Id. ¶ 14.) Plaintiff alleges that he asked the CPD Officers to view the security tapes to prove that no crime had been committed, but the CPD Officers refused to do so. ( Id. ¶ 15.) Plaintiff alleges that Uniat, Wood, and the CPD Officers conspired to intimidate, embarrass, and humiliate Plaintiff by arresting him and falsely charging him. ( Id. ¶ 13.)
Plaintiff filed his complaint on August 4, 2011. ( Id. ) The CPD Officers filed their answer on November 11, 2011. (R. 11, CPD Officers' Answer.) Uniat and Wood have not entered appearances or responded in any manner to the complaint. Plaintiff's counsel at the time, Jeffrey Neslund, began to lose confidence in the merit of Plaintiff's claims against the CPD Officers after taking Plaintiff's deposition, receiving discovery documents from the Chicago Police
Department, interviewing Uniat, and researching applicable case law. (R. 42, Neslund Dep. Tr. at 15:13-16:21, 18:1-10, 21:13-22:10.) Neslund therefore moved to voluntarily dismiss the CPD Officers from the lawsuit with prejudice on January 24, 2012, (R. 15, Pl.'s Mot. Dismiss Officers), which the Court granted, (R. 17, Min. Entry). The Court scheduled a settlement conference for March 1, 2012, but the conference was canceled after Neslund reported to the Court that the case had settled. (R. 18, Min. Entry.) Accordingly, the Court dismissed the case with prejudice on March 1, 2012. ( Id. )
Neslund subsequently withdrew from the case as Plaintiff's attorney, (R. 25, Min. Entry), and Plaintiff retained new counsel, (R. 19-1, Ex. 1, Alexan Aff. ¶ 4). Plaintiff alleges that he was unaware that Neslund had settled the case or dismissed any Defendants and that he never authorized such actions. ( Id. ¶ ¶ 6-7.) Plaintiff further alleges that he was unaware that the Court dismissed the case until his current counsel notified him on or about March 21, 2012. ( Id. ¶ 8.) Plaintiff filed his motion to vacate the Court's dismissal of his case on March 30, 2012. (R. 19, Pl.'s Mot.) The CPD Officers filed their response on April 9, 2012. (R. 24, CPD Officers' Resp.) Plaintiff replied on May 1, 2012. (R. 26, Pl.'s Reply.) On May 15, 2012, the CPD Officers filed a sur-reply. (R. 30, CPD Officers' Sur-reply.) On March 5, 2013, the Court ordered an evidentiary hearing to determine the full extent of Neslund's authority to settle Plaintiff's suit, (R. 31, Min. Entry), which was held on April 29, 2013, (R. 35, Min. Entry). Counsel for both Plaintiff and the CPD Officers subsequently deposed Neslund on May 22, 2013. (R. 42, Neslund Dep. Tr.) Plaintiff filed a brief in further support of his motion to vacate on June 14, 2013. (R. 41, Pl.'s Br.)
Rule 60(b)(1) permits relief for judgment on grounds of mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect. Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(b)(1). Rule 60(b)(1) encompasses mistakes by judicial officers as well as litigants. Brandon v. Chi. Bd. of Educ., 143 F.3d 293, 295 (7th Cir. 1998) (citing Wesco Prods. Co. v. Alloy Auto. Co., 880 F.2d 981, 984-85 (7th Cir. 1989)). " Rule 60(b) relief is an extraordinary remedy and is granted only in exceptional circumstances." Harrington v. City of Chi., 433 F.3d 542, 546 (7th Cir. 2006) (quoting Karraker v. Rent-A-Center, Inc., 411 F.3d 831, 837 (7th Cir. 2005)). The remedy is appropriate where " the [c]ourt has patently misunderstood the party, or has made a decision outside the adversarial issues presented to the [c]ourt by the parties, or has made an error not of reasoning but of apprehension." Bank of Waunakee v. Rochester Cheese Sales, Inc., 906 F.2d 1185, 1191 (7th Cir. 1990) (quoting Above the Belt, Inc. v. Mel Bohannan Roofing, Inc., 99 F.R.D. 99, 101 (E. D. Va. 1983)). Once a proper showing of mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect has been made by the movant, however, Rule 60(b) is to be liberally interpreted in favor of setting aside judgments. Smith v. Widman Trucking & Excavating, Inc., 627 F.2d 792, 795 (7th ...