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Carpenter v. Conocophillips Co..

United States District Court, S.D. Illinois

July 11, 2014

FRED CARPENTER, Plaintiff,
v.
CONOCOPHILLIPS CO., Defendant.

MEMORANDUM & ORDER

MICHAEL J. REAGAN, District Judge.

BACKGROUND

The seven-count Complaint in this employment case includes claims under Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, and Illinois law. Plaintiff, an employee for Defendant since 1988, alleges he was harassed, isolated, and constructively discharged for, inter alia, refusing to lie to the EEOC about an internal investigation and suffering from post-traumatic stress syndrome.

Defendant ConocoPhillips Co. has moved to strike and/or dismiss portions of the Complaint. Specifically, Defendant challenges Plaintiff's attempt to recover punitive damages for Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress (Count Five), and Plaintiff's attempt to recover attorneys' fees for Counts Five, Six (Retaliation for Filing a Workers' Compensation Claim), and Seven (Defamation). Defendant also targets Count Six in its entirety, arguing that Illinois law does not recognize a cause of action for workers' compensation-related retaliation in the absence of actual (as opposed to constructive) discharge. Count Six, Defendant argues, should be dismissed.

In his response, Plaintiff cedes that Illinois law does not provide for punitive damages (which he pled in Paragraph 51 and in Paragraph e of Count Five's prayer for relief) in an action for Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress, nor does it allow for recovery of attorneys' fees (as he pled in his prayers for relief for Counts Five, Six, and Seven). Those portions of the Complaint will accordingly be stricken.

The Court turns, then, to Count Six, broadly titled "Retaliation for Filing a Workers' Compensation Claim" and containing the following pertinent language:

Defendant... intentionally harassed, pressured and intimidated Plaintiff with the express purpose of exacerbating his post-traumatic stress syndrome * * * Defendant's retaliatory actions caused Plaintiff to suffer lost wages and benefits and he has suffered compensatory damages, including, but not limited to, a loss of self-esteem and enjoyment of life, embarrassment, humiliation, emotional distress and mental anguish. * * *

(Doc. 2, 14). An earlier, incorporated paragraph alleges that "[t]he harassment was unceasing until Plaintiff was left with no alternative but to quit on April 2, 2012." (Doc. 2, 8).

MOTION TO DISMISS STANDARD

In deciding a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, the district court's task is to determine whether the complaint includes "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Khorrami v. Rolince, 539 F.3d 782, 788 (7th Cir. 2008) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007)). The Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has clarified that, even after Twombly, courts must still approach Rule 12(b)(6) motions by construing the complaint in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, accepting as true all well-pleaded facts alleged, and drawing all possible inferences in the non-moving party's favor. Hecker v. Deere & Co., 556 F.3d 575, 580 (7th Cir. 2009) (quoting Tamayo v. Blagojevich, 526 F.3d 1074, 1081 (7th Cir. 2008)).

Legal conclusions and allegations that merely recite the elements of a claim are not entitled to the presumption of truth afforded to well-pled facts. See McCauley v. City of Chi., 671 F.3d 611, 616 (7th Cir. 2011). Therefore, after excising any allegations not accepted as true, the Court must decide whether the remaining factual allegations plausibly suggest entitlement to relief. Id. In other words, the complaint must contain allegations plausibly suggesting-not merely consistent with-an entitlement to relief. Id. (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 557). This determination is a "context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." McCauley, 671 F.3d at 616 (citing Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 663-64 (2009)).

ANALYSIS

Defendant posits that-absent actual discharge (which Plaintiff has not alleged)-Illinois does not recognize a tort for workers' compensation-related retaliation. Plaintiff responds with no caselaw, but points to Illinois Workers' Compensation Act, 820 ILCS 305/4(h), which provides:

It shall be unlawful for any employer * * * to interfere with, restrain or coerce an employee in any manner whatsoever in the exercise of the rights or remedies granted to him or her by this Act or to discriminate, attempt to discriminate, or threaten to discriminate against an employee in any way because of ...

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