United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division
May 22, 2014
CATHERINE BUCHANAN, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration, Defendant.
SUSAN E. COX, Magistrate Judge.
Catherine Buchanan's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis [dkt. 4] is granted for the reasons set forth below.
Before the Court is Ms. Buchanan's in forma pauperis application and financial affidavit. Ms. Buchanan seeks permission to appeal in forma pauperis the defendant's, Commissioner of the Social Security Administration, decision denying her application for Supplement Security Income on the grounds that the Administrative Law Judge's decision was "not supported by substantial evidence and is contrary to law." The decision of whether to grant a request to proceed in forma pauperis is one left to the District Court, pursuant to Title 28 of the United States Code Section 1915. As other courts in this District have recognized, "[f]iling in forma pauperis is a privilege, and an IFP application should be filled out carefully and comprehensively." A request to proceed in forma pauperis must be denied if: (1) the claim of poverty is untrue; (2) the claim is frivolous or malicious, (3) the action fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or (4) the action seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.
In her application, Ms. Buchanan reports that she lives in a shelter and only receives $180 in public assistance in the form of food stamps. She avers that neither she nor anyone else living with her has more than $200 in income or savings; owns any stocks, bonds or securities; and/or owns any real estate, with or without a mortgage. She states that no individuals live with her for support and that she has no dependents outside of her residence.
The Court considers Ms. Buchanan's application in connection with the financial obligations of a one-person household with no annual income, and only $180.00 per month in public assistance. Under the Department of Health and Human Services' 2014 Annual Federal Poverty Guidelines, an annual income of $11, 670.00 is the poverty line for a one-person household. The Court relies on this figure, as well as the absence of any savings or investments, in finding that Ms. Buchanan is indigent. Because the court has no reason to believe that her action is frivolous, or fails to state a claim, her application is granted.