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Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Apotex Corp.

United States District Court, Seventh Circuit

November 19, 2013

MILLENNIUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., Plaintiff,
v.
APOTEX CORP., et al., Defendants.

MEMORANDUM ORDER

MILTON I. SHADUR, Senior District Judge.

This newly-filed patent infringement action, assigned at random to this Court's calendar, has the appearance of a potential poster child for the cottage industry of forum shopping:

1. Plaintiff Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Millennium") is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in Cambridge, Massachusetts (Complaint ¶2).
2. Codefendant Apotex Corp., also a Delaware corporation, has its principal place of business in Weston, Florida (Complaint ¶3).
3. Codefendant Apotex, Inc. is a Canadian corporation with its principal place of business in Toronto (Complaint ¶4).

Conspicuously absent from those allegations is any logical predicate for the institution of suit in this Illinois District Court.

Although to be sure Complaint ¶¶5 and 6 assert the facts (as is always true of companies engaged in nationwide business activities) that both Apotex entities engage in the manufacture or sale of their drugs in this judicial district, that proves too much (or too little). Those allegations may well suffice to establish both venue and in-personam jurisdiction over the Apotex defendants in this Northern District of Illinois, but they would also suffice for the institution of this lawsuit anywhere in the United States-any place that might suit the fancy of Millennium and its counsel. And in the latter respect it is noteworthy that Millennium's lead counsel are listed as Boston and Palo Alto lawyers from the branch offices of the Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr LLP law firm.[1]

Some idea of the makeweight nature of Millennium's choice of forum may be gleaned from the Complaint ¶12 allegation that "Apotex, Inc. has previously availed itself of this forum for the purpose of litigating its patent infringement disputes." For that purpose the Complaint refers (with no apparent recognition of its patent[2] irrelevance) to the fact that in a lawsuit in this District Court in which the Apotex companies were sued earlier this year, they "filed a counterclaim seeking declaratory judgment of non-infringement and invalidity"!

From this Court's point of view Millennium has to do better than that. Its counsel is directed to file, on or before November 27, 2013, a statement providing a better explanation of why this action should remain here.[3] This Court may then consider the appropriateness or inappropriateness of a sua sponte Section 1404(a) transfer and, if such transfer appears appropriate, the location of the transferee situs (see Ferens v. John Deere Co. , 494 U.S. 516, 530 (1990) and 17 Moore's Federal Practice §111.16[3](3d ed. 2013)).


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