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Keokuk Junction Railway Co. v. Toledo, Peoria & Western, Railway Corp.

United States District Court, Seventh Circuit

November 5, 2013

KEOKUK JUNCTION, RAILWAY COMPANY Plaintiff,
v.
TOLEDO, PEORIA & WESTERN, RAILWAY CORP., et al., Defendants.

ORDER

JAMES E. SHADID, Chief District Judge.

This matter is before this Court following a Report and Recommendation [#80] issued by United States Magistrate Judge Byron G. Cudmore recommending Defendants' Motions to Dismiss [#38, 61, 64, 71] be allowed in part and denied in part. Defendants, Toledo, Peoria & Western Railway Corp., ("TP&W) and San Pedro Trails Inc. ("San Pedro") filed their Objection [#81], and Keokuk Junction Railway Company ("Plaintiff") filed an Objection [#82]. For the following reasons, the Court adopts in-part the findings of the Report and Recommendation.

BACKGROUND

Judge Cudmore sufficiently set forth the relevant facts in the comprehensive Report and Recommendation and we need not restate it here. Suffice it to say, this action arises out of TP&W's alleged failure to comply with several Surface Transportation Board ("STB") decisions regarding the forced sale of a 76-mile rail line, spanning from LaHarpe, Illinois to Hollins, Illinois ("Rail Line") to Plaintiff. Several Defendants moved to dismiss Counts IV through XII for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and failure to state a claim. The Magistrate Judge concluded that the Motions to Dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction should be denied and the Motions to Dismiss for failure to state a claim should be granted.

Defendants TP&W and San Pedro objected to the portions of the Report and Recommendation with respect to this Court's subject matter jurisdiction as to Counts IV through XII. Plaintiff objected to portions of the Report and Recommendation with respect to the Report's rejection of Plaintiff's arguments that (1) the properties at issue in Counts VI, VII, VIII, and XII were part of TP&W's original interest of the Rail Line, (2) the conveyances alleged in Counts IV through XII were void and all property described therein remained part of TP&W's original interest, and (3) Counts IV through XII properly state a claim.

STANDARD OF REVIEW

A district court reviews de novo any portion of a magistrate judge's report and recommendation to which written objections have been made. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b). "The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended decision, receive further evidence, or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions." Id.

ANALYSIS

Subject Matter Jurisdiction

Defendants argue this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over the transfers alleged in Counts VI, VII, VIII, and XII because they occurred before Plaintiff commenced the Feeder Application on April 9, 2003; therefore, the Counts should be dismissed pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1). Defendants also argue this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over the transfers alleged in the Counts IV, V, IX, X, and XI because they occurred after the filing of the Plaintiff's Feeder Application but before the STB issued its February 7, 2005 decision and were not included in the properties to be sold; and therefore, they should be dismissed as well. The Magistrate concluded this Court does in fact have subject matter jurisdiction over Counts IV-XII. This Court concurs with and adopts the Magistrate's detailed discussion and recommendation regarding this Court's subject matter jurisdiction. Therefore, the Motions to Dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction are DENIED.

Failure to State a Claim

Defendants also argue Counts IV through XII should be dismissed for failure to state a claim pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6). Plaintiff alleges in Counts IV through XII that Defendant TP&W transferred interests in the Rail Line to other named Defendants while the Rail Line was subject to STB proceedings and without the permission of the STB. Plaintiff relied on the Sixth Circuit opinion R.R. Ventures, Inc. v. Surface Transp. Bd. 299 F.3d 523 (6th Cir. 2002) in arguing Defendant TP&W's transfers were void. The Magistrate gave a detailed factual background of R.R. Ventures, Inc., which we are incorporating by reference here. See Report and Recommendation, p. 31.

Plaintiff argues R.R. Ventures held that all transfers made during the pendency of the STB proceeding are void. Therefore, since the Rail Line at issue here had been subject to an STB proceeding from January 10, 2001 until the time it was sold to Plaintiff on February 11, 2005, Plaintiff argues that any transfer affecting the interest of the Rail Line made without the approval of the STB during that time frame is void. The Magistrate disagreed with Plaintiff's reading of R.R. Ventures, Inc. and concluded that "a more accurate statement of the holding is that the purchaser, or any interested party, has the right to challenge such transfers." See Report and Recommendation, p. 31. The Magistrate Judge found that because Plaintiff did not challenge the transfers during the pendency of an STB proceeding or on direct appeal or judicial review the transfers were not void; therefore, Plaintiff failed to state a claim as to Counts IV-XII.

We agree with Plaintiff and find that Plaintiff properly stated a claim as to Counts IV-XII. After a careful reading of R.R. Ventures, we disagree with the Magistrate's interpretation of the holding in the case. The Sixth Circuit's holding was clear: "until such time that the STB loses jurisdiction over the matter, any transactions affecting the property interest associated with the rail line entered into by a rail owner after the filing an abandonment petition are invalid." R.R. Ventures, Inc. v. Surface Transp. Bd. , 299 F.3d 523, 554(6th Cir. 2002). The STB's jurisdiction attached to the Rail Line on January 10, 2001, when SF&L applied to the STB for exemption to the operate Rail Line. The ...


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