United States District Court, C.D. Illinois
THOMAS J. RILEY, Plaintiff,
CHAD KOLITWENZEW, Defendant
Thomas J Riley, Plaintiff, Pro se, GREENVILLE, IL.
For Chad Kolitwenzew, Defendant: Michael W Condon, LEAD ATTORNEY, Zrinka R Davis, HERVAS CONDON & BERSANI PC, Itasca, IL.
MICHAEL P. McCUSKEY, U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE.
Plaintiff, Thomas J. Riley, has filed another Motion for Reconsideration (#53) of the court's order denying the recruitment of counsel to handle his case. In his motion, Plaintiff notes that he has unsuccessfully solicited various law offices for representation. Plaintiff states that, without representation, he will not be able to: (1) obtain further evidence by taking depositions of Defendant, medical and security staff, as well outside witnesses; (2) find further evidence to reinstate certain defendants in an amended claim; and (3) file any pretrial motions based on the depositions.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) " [t]he court may request an attorney represent any person unable to afford counsel" in federal civil litigation. An indigent civil litigant may ask the district court to make such a request even though there is no constitutional or statutory right to court-appointed counsel in federal civil suits. Pruitt v. Mote, 503 F.3d 647, 649 (7th Cir. 2007). The decision of whether to recruit pro bono counsel is left to the discretion of the district court. Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 654. As a threshold question, the district court must inquire as to whether " the indigent plaintiff made a reasonable attempt to obtain counsel or has been effectively precluded from doing so[.]" Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 654-55. In the instant case, Plaintiff has made such a showing.
The next question for the court is
" whether the plaintiff appears competent to litigate his own claims, given their degree of difficulty, and this includes the tasks that normally attend litigation: evidence gathering, preparing and responding to motions and other court filings and trial." Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 655 (emphasis in original).
The Seventh Circuit has expounded on what a plaintiff's competence to litigate his case means:
" There are no fixed requirements for determining a plaintiff's competence to litigate his own case; the judge will normally take into consideration the plaintiff's literacy, communication skills, educational level, and litigation experience. To the extent there is any evidence in the record bearing on the plaintiff's intellectual capacity and psychological history, this too, would be relevant. To inform the decision, the judge should review any information submitted in support of the request for counsel, as well as the pleadings, communications form, and any contact with the plaintiff." Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 655.
The Seventh Circuit has not laid down " hard and fast rules for evaluating the factual and difficulty of" a plaintiff's claim, and " the inquiry into plaintiff competence and case difficulty is particularized to the person and case before the court." Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 655-56.
In the instant case, the court has had the opportunity to carefully review the filings made by Plaintiff and to speak at length with Plaintiff on the telephone in various court hearings. When speaking on the telephone with Plaintiff, the court has found him to be knowledgeable, reasonable, and capable of understanding the nature of his allegations. Plaintiff has engaged in intelligent discussion of the factual and legal matters of his case with the court on the telephone.
The same is true of Plaintiff's filings with the court. In his Complaint (#43), Plaintiff very clearly laid out the factual allegations of his claim and the relief he was requesting. Further, Plaintiff's filings demonstrate the ability to keep current with the case and understand court proceedings. Before a scheduled court date on September 7, 2011, Plaintiff filed a letter (#10) with the court requesting a copy of his complaint because he did not have access to his own copy in the correctional facility. In a request to proceed in forma pauperis, Plaintiff provided his own hand written motion and ledger sheet (#15), alerting the court that " I have ask[ed] jail officials for a copy of my account. I have not received one for the past 2 months since my ...