In juvenile proceedings involving a child who was a member of the Seminole Indian tribe, the trial court’s adjudication and dispositional orders were reversed and the cause was remanded for a new hearing after the Indian tribe is provided with notice pursuant to the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, since there was nothing in the record showing that the tribe was given the notice required by the Act.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of Peoria County, No. 12-JA-230; the Hon. Mark E. Gilles, Judge, presiding.
Dana M. Kelly, of Peoria, for appellant. Appeal
Jerry Brady, State's Attorney, of Peoria (Richard T. Leonard, of State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor's Office, of counsel), for the People.
Panel JUSTICE LYTTON delivered the judgment of the court, with opinion. Justices O'Brien and Schmidt concurred in the judgment and opinion.
¶ 1 Respondent is the mother of K.T. K.T. is a member of the Seminole Indian tribe. The State filed a juvenile petition alleging that K.T. was neglected because her environment was injurious to her welfare, in part, as a result of respondent's behavior. At respondent's combined adjudication and dispositional hearing, the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) notified the court that K.T.'s Indian tribe was interested in becoming a party to the case. Respondent then moved for a continuance so that the tribe could enter the case. The trial court denied respondent's motion. We reverse and remand.
¶ 2 On September 27, 2012, the State filed a juvenile petition, alleging that K.T. was neglected because her environment was injurious to her welfare. Specifically, the petition alleged that (1) on September 24, 2012, respondent and her husband, David S., became involved in a domestic violence incident with K.T. that resulted in K.T. being struck and injured, (2) David S. has a criminal history that includes many convictions, dating back to 1984; and (3) respondent refused to cooperate with DCFS to develop a safety plan. The trial court entered an order for temporary shelter care placing K.T. in the temporary custody of DCFS.
¶ 3 On October 5, 2012, respondent stipulated that the State could prove the allegations contained in the petition. On the same date, respondent notified the court that K.T.'s father was a full-blood Indian of the Seminole Creek Nation.
¶ 4 The combined adjudication and dispositional hearing was held on November 16, 2012. At the beginning of the hearing, the attorney for DCFS notified the court that it received confirmation that K.T. is a member of the Seminole tribe. A "Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood" issued by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, states that K.T. is of 5/32 degree Seminole-Creek Indian blood. In 2005, K.T. was issued a membership card for the Seminole Nation Tribe of Oklahoma. The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma's enrollment office determined that K.T.'s Seminole Indian blood quantum is one-eighth and that she is a member of the Hecete Band of the Seminole Nation.
¶ 5 DCFS explained that its coordinator for Indian children spoke to a representative of K.T.'s Indian tribe. The tribe indicated that it was interested in becoming a party to K.T.'s case but had not yet officially done so. According to DCFS, the tribe was informed of the court date for the combined adjudication and dispositional hearing. Based on the information DCFS provided to the court, respondent requested a continuance so that the tribe could enter the case before the hearing took place. The State objected to a continuance, stating: "This could be a very lengthy process before [the tribe] pull[s] the trigger on whatever it is they're going to do." DCFS also objected to a continuance, arguing that there was no reason to delay the hearing since the tribe was informed of the hearing date and took no action to intervene before the hearing. The trial court denied respondent's request for a continuance and proceeded with the hearing.
¶ 6 After the State presented its case, the trial court found that all of the allegations of the juvenile petition had been proven and that K.T. was a neglected minor and her environment was injurious to her welfare. The court then proceeded to the dispositional phase of the hearing. After considering the evidence presented, the trial court ruled that respondent was unfit based on the contents of the juvenile petition. The trial court made K.T. a ward of the court and named DCFS as her guardian.
¶ 7 In its dispositional order, the court found that K.T. "is an enrolled member of Seminole tribe." Nevertheless, the court ordered that K.T.'s current foster home placement with a non-Indian family was not to be changed without court approval "unless DCFS finds imminent ...