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United States v. Jenkins

United States District Court, Seventh Circuit

June 3, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
EMANUEL JENKINS, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

DAVID R. HERNDON, Chief District Judge.

On April 16, 2012, Emanuel Jenkins, pro se, filed a motion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) for reduction of sentence based on retroactive guideline Amendment 750, effective November 1, 2011, concerning cocaine base ("Crack") (Doc. 37). The Court appointed counsel to represent Jenkins on the issue of a sentencing reduction in light of the amendment to the United States Sentencing Guidelines, and Counsel has now moved to withdraw on the basis that he can make no non-frivolous arguments in support of a reduction pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c) (Doc. 48). See Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 744 (1967). Jenkins did not respond to the motion to withdraw, even though he was given an opportunity to do so. See Doc. 49.

Section 3582(c)(2) allows the Court to reduce a defendant's previously imposed sentence where "a defendant... has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 994(o)." In doing so, the Court must consider the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. 3553(a) and must ensure that any reduction "is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Thus, a defendant urging a sentence reduction under § 3582(c)(2) must satisfy two criteria: (1) the Sentencing Commission must have lowered the applicable guideline sentencing range, and (2) the reduction must be consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission. If the defendant cannot satisfy the first criterion, the Court has no subject matter jurisdiction to consider the reduction request. United States v. Lawrence, 535 F.3d 631, 637-38 (7th Cir. 2008); see United States v. Forman, 553 F.3d 585, 588 (7th Cir.), cert. denied sub nom McKnight v. United States, 129 S.Ct. 1924 (2009).

Jenkins cannot satisfy the first criterion of the statute because he was not "sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 994(o)." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). The Sentencing Commission issued U.S.S.G. Amendment 750, effective November 1, 2011, intending to alter the disparity in sentences involving crack cocaine and sentences involving powder cocaine. Jenkins, however, was sentenced under the current guidelines, so he has already received the benefit of the lowered sentencing range. Therefore, there is nothing to alter regarding his sentence.

Hence, his guideline range has not been lowered, and he cannot satisfy the first criterion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) for obtaining a sentence reduction. The Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to consider Jenkins's reduction request. See Forman, 553 F.3d at 588; Lawrence, 535 F.3d at 637-38.

Accordingly, the Court GRANTS counsel's motion to withdraw (Doc. 77) and DISMISSES for lack of jurisdiction the motion for sentence reduction (Doc. 71).

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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