April 29, 2013
RESIDENTIAL CREDIT SOLUTIONS, INC., Plaintiff,
ERICKSON TAYLOR SMITH a/k/a Erickson T. Smith, LORETTA SHELTON SMITH a/k/a Loretta S. Smith, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, UNKNOWN OWNERS and NON-RECORD. CLAIMANTS, Defendants.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
J. PHIL GILBERT, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on plaintiff Residential Credit Solutions, Inc.'s motion to dismiss defendant United States of America in light of its disclaimer and waiver of redemption rights in the subject property of this foreclosure action, and motion to remand this action to state court in light of that dismissal (Doc. 17).
This case was originally filed in state court, but the United States removed it, relying on the Court's original jurisdiction over a claim against the United States, see 28 U.S.C. § 1442(a), and over a foreclosure action against the United States, see 28 U.S.C. § 1444. The claim involving the United States is the only claim in this case over which the Court has original jurisdiction. The Court had at the time of removal, and continues to have, jurisdiction over the remaining claims under 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a), which extends supplemental federal jurisdiction to all claims that are sufficiently related to the claims on which original jurisdiction is based so as to be part of the same case or controversy.
Dismissal of this case as to the United States is appropriate in light of his disclaimer and waiver. Further, since the claim involving the United States provided the sole basis for original federal jurisdiction, and since that claim has now been resolved, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3), the Court may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining claims. In deciding whether to decline jurisdiction over remaining claims when no original jurisdiction claims remain pending, a district court should consider judicial economy, convenience, fairness and comity. Wright v. Associated Ins. Cos., 29 F.3d 1244, 1251 (7th Cir. 1994) (citing Carnegie-Mellon Univ. v. Cohill, 484 U.S. 343, 350 (1988)). Where a district court dismisses all claims over which it has original jurisdiction before trial, "the usual and preferred course is to remand the state claims to the state court unless there are countervailing considerations." Payne for Hicks v. Churchich, 161 F.3d 1030, 1043 (7th Cir. 1998) (citing Wright, 29 F.3d at 1251).
The Court has considered the relevant factors, including the fact that this case is in a very early stage, and has determined that remand is proper. Accordingly, the Court:
GRANTS the motion to dismiss the United States and to remand this case to state court (Doc. 17);
FINDS pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(b) that there is no just reason for delay in entry of judgment on the claim involving the United States;
DIRECTS the Clerk of Court to enter a Rule 54(b) judgment dismissing the claim involving the United States; and
REMANDS the remainder of this case to the Circuit Court of the Third Judicial Circuit, Madison County, Illinois.
IT IS SO ORDERED.