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United States of America v. Melvin R. Lawson

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS


April 15, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
MELVIN R. LAWSON, DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Proud, Magistrate Judge:

ORDER

On August 6, 2012, defendant Melvin R. Lawson was released on bond. The conditions of his bond required, among other things, that he not commit another federal, state or local crime, that he maintain an educational program if not employed, and that he not unlawfully use or possess a controlled substance. See, Doc. 12. Defendant entered a plea of guilty on January 31, 2013. He was continued on bond, and the above conditions remained in force. See, Doc. 27.

This matter is now before the court on the Government's Motion to Revoke Bond. (Doc. 33). The Court held an evidentiary hearing on April 15, 2013.

18 U.S.C. § 3148 mandates that an order of revocation and detention be entered if the Court:

(1) finds that there is--

(A) probable cause to believe that the person has committed a Federal, State, or local crime while on release; or

(B) clear and convincing evidence that the person has violated any other condition of release; and

(2) finds that--

(A) based on the factors set forth in section 3142(g) of this title, there is no condition or combination of conditions of release that will assure that the person will not flee or pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community; or

(B) the person is unlikely to abide by any condition or combination of conditions of release.

If there is probable cause to believe that, while on release, the person committed a Federal, State, or local felony, a rebuttable presumption arises that no condition or combination of conditions will assure that the person will not pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community. If the judicial officer finds that there are conditions of release that will assure that the person will not flee or pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community, and that the person will abide by such conditions, the judicial officer shall treat the person in accordance with the provisions of section 3142 of this title and may amend the conditions of release accordingly. 18 U.S.C. § 3148(b).

Based upon the evidence adduced, the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that defendant illegally used marijuana on at least two occasions while on bond. Further, defendant has not maintained an educational program, has failed to report as directed by his pretrial services officer and has lied to his pretrial services officer on at least two occasions. These acts are obvious violations of the conditions of defendant's pretrial release.

The court finds, based on the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. §3142(g), that no condition or combination of conditions will assure that Melvin R. Lawson will not pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community. This Court finds that it is highly unlikely that he would abide by any condition or combination of conditions of release which could be devised.

IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the Government's motion to revoke Melvin R. Lawson's bond (Doc. 33) is GRANTED.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the defendant, Melvin R. Lawson, be committed to the custody of the Attorney General for confinement in a corrections facility; and that the defendant be afforded reasonable opportunity for private consultation with his counsel; and that, on order of a court of the United States, or on request of an attorney for the Government, the person in charge of the corrections facility in which the defendant is confined deliver the defendant to a United States Marshal for the purpose of an appearance in connection with court proceedings.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

CLIFFORD J. PROUD UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

20130415

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