The opinion of the court was delivered by: Herndon, Chief District Judge:
This matter is before the Court for preliminary review of petitioner Shawn White's motion for "relief pursuant to F.R. Civ. P. Rule 60(b)(6), 28 U.S.C. § 1651, 42 U.S.C. § 2000a-6, and 42 U.S.C. § 2000dd" (Doc. 1). In his motion, petitioner challenges the computation of his sentence by the Bureau of Prisons. Petitioner originally filed the motion in his criminal case in the Eastern District of Missouri (Case No. 09-cr-192-CDP) on February 25, 2013. Upon review, that district court construed the motion as a petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241, and opened a civil case (Case No. 13-cv-441-CDP) in order to address petitioner's claims (Doc. 2). On March 8, 2013, the Eastern District of Missouri transferred the action to this Court, because petitioner is confined at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, within the Southern District of Illinois (Doc. 3).
According to his pleading, the Bureau of Prisons has informed petitioner that he must serve a total of 113 months. However, he was sentenced to only 100 months in United States v. White, E.D. Missouri Case No. 09-cr-192-CDP, and the court ordered that sentence to be served concurrently to a 51 month sentence imposed in a previous criminal case, United States v. White, E.D. Missouri Case No. 08-cr-369-CEJ. Further, petitioner asserts that he had been in custody for 13 months prior to the disposition of his second case, and was not properly given credit for that time served. He seeks an order crediting him for the 13 months of detention prior to sentencing, such that his total time in prison will be 100 months.
When this matter was docketed as a civil case in the Eastern District of Missouri, it appears that no filing fee was assessed. In a federal habeas corpus action, the filing fee is $5.00. 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). Therefore, petitioner is ORDERED to either pay the full filing fee of $5.00 for this action or file a motion and affidavit for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (IFP), no later than April 18, 2013. Should petitioner fail to comply, this action shall be subject to dismissal.
The Clerk is DIRECTED to mail petitioner a blank form motion for leave to proceed IFP.
Petitioner has named the United States of America as the respondent in this action, an understandable designation given that he originally filed the instant pleading in his criminal case. However, in a habeas corpus proceeding, the proper respondent is the prisoner's custodian; in other words, the warden of the prison where the inmate is confined. See 28 U.S.C. § 2242 (an application for a writ of habeas corpus shall name the person who has custody over the applicant); Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 442, 447 (2004); Kholyavskiy v. Achim, 443 F.3d 946, 948-49 (7th Cir. 2006); Hogan v. Hanks, 97 F.3d 189, 190 (7th Cir. 1996).
Accordingly, the Clerk is DIRECTED to terminate the United States of America as the respondent in this action, and add the Warden, United States Penitentiary-Marion as the respondent. See FED. R. CIV. P. 21; FED. R. CIV. P. 17(d).
In any future documents filed in this case, petitioner shall identify the Warden by his proper name.
Without commenting on the merits of petitioner's claims, the Court concludes that the petition survives preliminary review under Rule 4 and Rule 1(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in United States District Courts.*fn1
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that respondent shall answer or otherwise plead within thirty days of the date this order is entered. This preliminary order to respond does not, of course, preclude the Government from raising any objection or defense it may wish to present. Service upon the United States Attorney for the Southern District of Illinois, 750 Missouri Avenue, East St. Louis, Illinois, shall constitute sufficient service.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that pursuant to Local Rule 72.1(a)(2), this cause is referred to a United States Magistrate Judge ...