Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Lansing Chiropractic Clinic, Ltd., An Illinois Corporation v. Evolocity


December 3, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Milton I. Shadur Senior United States District Judge


From time to time federal judges receive pleadings that reflect a total disregard of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure ("Rules") and the basic principles of notice pleading that inform those Rules. It has been more than a decade since this Court, to spare its secretary the chore of the repetitive typing of corrections to pleadings that clearly merit an "F" in Federal Pleading 101, drafted and published the Appendix to its opinion in State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Riley, 199 F.R.D. 276 (N.D. Ill. 2001).

Just such a flawed pleading, filed on behalf of defendant Evolocity, Inc. ("Evolocity"), has been delivered to this Court's chambers in this case. This memorandum opinion is issued sua sponte to send counsel for Evolocity back to the drawing board.

To begin with, Answer ¶¶1, 9 and 10 impermissibly depart from the straightforward language that Rule 8(b)(5) prescribes as the basis for any defendant's getting the benefit of a deemed denial. That error is then compounded by following each of the defective disclaimers with the language "and thus denies them." It is of course oxymoronic for a party to assert (presumably in good faith) that it lacks even enough information to form a belief as to the truth of an allegation, then proceed to deny it. Because such a denial is at odds with the pleader's obligations under Fed. R. Civ. P. 11(b), the quoted language must be omitted from each of those paragraphs of the Amended Answer called for by this opinion.

Next Evolocity's counsel stuffs its responsive pleading with a host of assertions that allegations in the Complaint "state[ ] legal conclusions, not factual allegations to which no response is required" (Answer ¶¶5-7, 18, 19, 21-23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31 and 33). Even apart from the fact (not a legal conclusion) that defense counsel has operated on a false premise as to the lack of a need to respond as required by Rule 8(b)(1)(B) (see also App'x ¶2 to State Farm), in many respects counsel is simply wrong in labeling what is really a factual allegation as a purported legal conclusion.

Finally, counsel's entire set of affirmative defenses ("ADs") is unacceptable under the teaching of Rule 8(c) and the caselaw applying that Rule (see also App'x ¶5 to State Farm). Here in brief are the deficiencies:

1. AD 1, which is essentially equivalent to a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, is simply wrong and may not be repeated in the Amended Answer.

2. ADs 2 and 4 through 8 really are legal conclusions (sauce for the goose?) that clearly do not meet the demands of notice pleading. If Evolocity still wishes to advance any of them, they must be fleshed out so that plaintiff's counsel and this Court can be informed as to just what it is that Evolocity is asserting.

3. Finally, as to AD 3, Evolocity's counsel has not explained just how it is that Evolocity knows of plaintiff's asserted failure to mitigate damages. If that AD is to be reasserted, it must be accompanied by an appropriate explanation.

In sum, the entire Answer and ADs are stricken, but with leave of course granted to file an amended -- and proper -- responsive pleading as an Amended Answer on or before December 15, 2012. No charge is to be made to Evolocity for any time and expense involved in that revised pleading, which is needed to correct counsel's own errors. Counsel is directed to apprise his client to that effect by letter, with a copy of that letter to be provided to this Court (purely for informational purposes, not for filing).


© 1992-2012 VersusLaw Inc.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.