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Antione Williams v. Dr. Thomas Baker

November 14, 2012

ANTIONE WILLIAMS, PLAINTIFF,
v.
DR. THOMAS BAKER, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sue E. Myerscough, U.S. District Judge:

E-FILED Wednesday, 14 November, 2012 11:09:08 AM Clerk, U.S. District Court, ILCD

OPINION

Plaintiff, proceeding pro se and incarcerated in Western Illinois Correctional Center, pursues claims for excessive force and the denial of medical care for injuries suffered therefrom. The case is before the Court for a merit review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.

LEGAL STANDARD

The Court is required by § 1915A to review a Complaint filed by a prisoner against a governmental entity or officer and, through such process, to identify cognizable claims, dismissing any claim that is "frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." A hearing is held if necessary to assist the Court in this review, but, in this case, the Court concludes that no hearing is necessary. The Complaint and its attachments are clear enough on their own for this Court to perform its merit review of Plaintiff's Complaint.

The review standard under § 1915A is the same as the notice pleading standard under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Zimmerman v. Tribble, 226 F.3d 568, 571 (7th Cir. 2000). To state a claim, the allegations must set forth a "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Factual allegations must give enough detail to give "'fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests.'" EEOC v. Concentra Health Serv., Inc., 496 F.3d 773, 776 (7th Cir. 2007)(quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007)(add'l citation omitted)). The factual "allegations must plausibly suggest that the plaintiff has a right to relief, raising that possibility above a 'speculative level.'" Id. (quoting Bell Atlantic, 550 U.S. at 555). "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged . . . . Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009)(citing Bell Atlantic, 550 U.S. at 555-56). However, pro se pleadings are liberally construed when applying this standard. Bridges v. Gilbert, 557 F.3d 541, 546 (7th Cir. 2009).

ALLEGATIONS

On November 11, 2011, Correctional Officer Robinson ordered Plaintiff out of gym line, mistakenly believing that Plaintiff had said something derogatory about prison guards. In response to Plaintiff's protests of innocence, Officer Robinson wrenched Plaintiff's arms behind Plaintiff's back, causing Plaintiff's shoulder to "pop." Then Robinson escorted Plaintiff to segregation where Robinson proceeded to "punch, stomp, and kick" Plaintiff in the ribs and throw Plaintiff around the cell.

Later that day, Lieutenant Korte and Sergeant Gregerson ignored Plaintiff's pleas for medical attention. Several days later the adjustment committee members also ignored Plaintiff's pleas for medical attention. Plaintiff continued to seek help for his pain and injuries, but Defendants ignored him, made false promises of help, or told him to sign up for sick call. On November 22, eleven days after the excessive force, Plaintiff was taken to health care and received x-rays. He received no meaningful treatment from Dr. Baker. Several months later, Plaintiff was diagnosed with an acromioclavicular joint problem and inflammation in his left rib. Plaintiff believes that the excessive force and lack of medical care has caused him permanent physical injury and disfigurement. Plaintiff seeks damages and to be sent to a specialist.

ANALYSIS

To state an Eighth Amendment excessive force claim a prisoner must allege facts to suggest that the force applied amounted to the "unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain." Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 5, 7 (1992)(citing Whitley v. Albers, 475 U.S. 312 (1986)). That is, the force must have been applied "maliciously and sadistically for the very purpose of causing harm." Id. Force applied "in a good-faith effort to maintain or restore discipline" does not violate the Eighth Amendment. Id.

Plaintiff's allegations clearly state an Eighth Amendment claim against Officer Robinson. A plausible inference arises that Robinson used unnecessary force for the very purpose of harming Plaintiff.

Plaintiff also states an Eighth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to the injuries and pain he suffered from the excessive force. An inference that Plaintiff had serious medical needs arises from his description of the excessive force and his subsequent pain. Gomez v. Randle, 680 F.3d 859, 865 (7th Cir. 2012)(A condition can be considered serious if, without treatment, the plaintiff suffered "'further significant injury or unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain.'")(quoted cites omitted). An inference of deliberate indifference arises from Plaintiff's allegations that Defendants ignored his pleas for medical attention. McGowan v. Hulick, 612 F.3d 636, 640 (7th Cir. 2010)(deliberate indifference requires personal knowledge of an inmate's serious ...


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