IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
August 22, 2012
TAMMY R. THOMAS, #03838-025, PETITIONER/DEFENDANT,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT/PLAINTIFF.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: J. Phil Gilbert United States District Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER GILBERT, District Judge:
This matter is before the Court on Petitioner's motion to vacate, set aside or correct sentence, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (Doc. 1). On April 21, 2011, Petitioner entered a plea of guilty to one count of conspiracy to distribute crack cocaine and three counts of distribution of crack cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and 846. See United States v. Thomas, Case No. 11-cr-40008-JPG(Doc. 47). The written plea agreement included a waiver of Petitioner's rights to appeal and to collaterally attack her sentence (Doc. 34, pp. 10-11 in criminal case).
On July 7, 2011, the undersigned Judge sentenced Petitioner to 120 months imprisonment, a total of eight years supervised release, a fine of $100, and a special assessment of $400. Judgment was entered on July 13, 2011 (Doc. 47 in criminal case). Petitioner did not file a direct appeal, nor did she apply for a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of the United States. She did, however, file a pro se motion for retroactive application of new crack cocaine sentencing guidelines, on February 16, 2012 (Doc. 75 in criminal case). This Court denied the motion, and Petitioner appealed. Her appeal was dismissed for want of prosecution on August 14, 2012 (Doc. 88 in criminal case).
Petitioner's § 2255 motion was timely filed on July 13, 2012. She raises four grounds for relief, all of which allege ineffective assistance on the part of her trial counsel. These include assertions that her attorney failed to file a Notice of Appeal despite her request; that counsel failed to challenge the amount and purity of the drugs involved; that counsel "failed to be available" to her; and failed to inform Petitioner that she would be subject to a mandatory minimum and a longer sentence (Doc. 1, pp. 4-5, 7-8).
A valid appellate waiver, though binding in other respects, does not preclude judicial review of a criminal defendant's assertion that the plea agreement itself was the product of ineffective assistance of counsel. United States v. Jemison, 237 F.3d 911, 916 (7th Cir. 2001) (discussing United States v. Joiner, 183 F.3d 635, 645 (7th Cir. 1999)). In the case at bar, Petitioner appears to assert that counsel's failure to be "available," and failure to inform Petitioner of the sentence she would face under the plea, constituted ineffective assistance that undermined the plea negotiations. If so, the attorney's performance could call into question the validity of Petitioner's waiver of her right to seek collateral review. Without commenting on the merits of that argument, the Court concludes that the petition survives preliminary review under Rule 4(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings for the United States District Courts.
The Court ORDERS the Government to file a response to Petitioner's motion by September 19, 2012. The Government shall, as part of its response, attach all relevant portions of the record. Petitioner may file a reply brief (no longer than 5 pages) by October 4, 2012. If review of the briefs indicates that an evidentiary hearing is warranted, the Court will set the hearing by separate notice and, if Petitioner qualifies under 18 U.S.C. § 3006A, appoint counsel to represent her at the hearing.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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