IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
August 1, 2012
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
RICARDO FOULKS, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: J. Phil Gilbert U.S. District Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter comes before the Court on defendant Ricardo Foulks' pro se motion for a reduction of his criminal sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) and United States Sentencing Guidelines Manual ("U.S.S.G.") § 1B1.10 (Doc. 389). The Court appointed counsel for Foulks, and counsel has moved to withdraw on the basis that she can make no non-frivolous arguments in support of the defendant's request (Doc. 398). See Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 744 (1967). Neither the defendant nor the government has responded to the motions, although they were given an opportunity to do so. See Admin. Order 137.
Foulks pled guilty to one count of conspiring to distribute more than
50 grams of crack cocaine and two counts of distributing crack
cocaine. At sentencing, the Court found by a preponderance of the
evidence that Foulks'relevant conduct was at least 150 grams but less
than 500 grams of crack cocaine, which under U.S.S.G.*fn1
§ 2D1.1 yielded a base offense level of 34. His offense level
was reduced by three points under U.S.S.G. § 3E1.1 for acceptance of
responsibility. The Court further found that Foulks was a career
offender under U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1 based on prior drug or violent felony
convictions, which raised his base offense level to
37, again reduced by 3 to 34 for acceptance of responsibility.
Considering Foulks'criminal history category of VI, established by his
career offender status under U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1, this yielded a
guidelines sentencing range of 262 to 327 months in prison on the
conspiracy count and 240 months in prison on the distribution counts.
The Court imposed a sentence of 262 months for the conspiracy count
and 240 months on the distribution counts, less than the statutory
maximum sentences established by Foulks' convictions. See 21 U.S.C. §
841(b)(1)(A) & (C).
Foulks now asks the Court to apply recent changes to U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1 to lower his sentence. Amendment 750 amended U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(c) as of November 1, 2011, to lower some base offense levels associated with various amounts of crack cocaine. The relevant parts of Amendment 750 are retroactive. See U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(c) (2011).
Section 3582(c)(2) allows the Court to reduce a defendant's previously imposed sentence where "a defendant . . . has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 994(o)." In doing so, the Court must consider the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) and must ensure that any reduction "is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Thus, a defendant urging a sentence reduction under § 3582(c)(2) must satisfy two criteria: (1) the Sentencing Commission must have lowered the applicable guideline sentencing range, and (2) the reduction must be consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission. If the defendant cannot satisfy the first criterion, the Court has no subject matter jurisdiction to consider the reduction request. United States v. Lawrence, 535 F.3d 631, 637-38 (7th Cir. 2008); see United States v. Forman, 553 F.3d 585, 588 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 2817 (2009).
Foulks cannot satisfy the first criterion because he was not "sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 994(o)." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Although Amendment 750 amended U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1 to lower some base offense levels associated with crack cocaine, Foulks was sentenced based on his base offense level set forth in U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1, not his base offense level set forth in U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1. See Forman, 553 F.3d at 589-90. Thus, his guideline range has not been lowered, and he cannot satisfy the first criterion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) for obtaining a sentence reduction. See United States v. Griffin, 652 F.3d 793, 803 (7th Cir. 2011).
Because Foulks cannot satisfy the first criterion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) for obtaining a sentence reduction, the Court does not have subject matter jurisdiction to consider his reduction request. See Forman, 553 F.3d at 588; Lawrence, 535 F.3d at 637-38. The Court therefore GRANTS counsel's motion to withdraw (Doc. 398) and DISMISSES Foulks's pro se motion for a sentence reduction (Doc. 389) for lack of jurisdiction.
The Clerk of the U.S. District Court is hereby Ordered to mail a copy of this Order to defendant Ricardo Foulks, Reg. No. 05354-025, FCI Greenville, P.O. Box 5000, Greenville, IL 62246.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
J. Phil Gilbert