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Blythe Holdings, Inc., et al v. Flawless Financial Corporation

July 23, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Robert M. Dow, Jr.


Plaintiffs Blythe Holdings, Inc., and Chicago 100, Inc., filed an amended complaint against Defendants, including attorney John DeAngelis and his former law firm, Brown, Udell and Pomerantz, Ltd.*fn1 Plaintiffs bring RICO claims against other defendants, alleging that Plaintiffs were victims of a "real estate based scheme to defraud investors" in connection with the redevelopment of vacant lots in Chicago's 16th Ward. Plaintiffs bring related state law claims for legal malpractice and unjust enrichment against DeAngelis and the Brown Udell Defendants. Before the Court are the Brown Udell Defendants' motion for summary judgment [294] and DeAngelis's motion [297] for summary judgment. Also before the Court is Plaintiffs' motion [318] to strike the Brown Udell Defendants' objections to Plaintiffs' response to the Brown Udell Defendants' Local Rule 56.1 statement. For the reasons explained below, all three motions are granted.


In October 2005, Stephanie Hill was approached by Tracy Williams regarding the possibility of acquiring and developing 400 vacant lots in Chicago's 16th Ward; Alderman Shirley Coleman was to be involved in the transaction. [304 at ¶ 10, 306 at ¶ 7.] Hill formed Blythe Holdings, Inc., to pursue this acquisition; she is the sole director and officer of Blythe. [304 at ¶ 12, 306 at ¶ 3.] On October 26, Blythe entered into a consulting contract with Flawless Financial, one of Williams's businesses, which provided, among other things that "[Blythe] agrees to pay legal fees for a total of $50,000 to the attorney recommended by Flawless Financial and deliver a retainer fee to begin the process." [304 at ¶ 14, 306 at ¶ 4.] Plaintiffs did not engage John DeAngelis, then an attorney at Brown, Udell and Pomerantz, Ltd., until after retaining Flawless.*fn3 [306 at ¶ 13.]

On November 29, Hill counter-executed a retainer agreement in connection with the lot acquisition; the agreement had been signed by DeAngelis and was on his law firm's letterhead. [304 at ¶ 16, 306 at ¶ 14.] DeAngelis did not specifically inform the Brown Udell Defendants of his agreement to represent Blythe. [295-2 at Ex. 5 ¶¶ 6-7.] On December 1, Blythe paid a retainer fee of $25,000 with a check made payable to "John DeAngelis Esq." [304 at ¶ 17, 306 at ¶ 17.] DeAngelis deposited the check in the "John A. DeAngelis Client Fund Account" at the Northern Trust Company. [304 at ¶ 18, 306 at ¶ 18.] The Brown Udell Defendants had no control over that account. [295-2 at Ex. 5 ¶¶ 15-17.] DeAngelis never shared any portion of the $25,000 retainer with the Brown Udell Defendants, nor did DeAngelis specifically inform the Brown Udell Defendants of the retainer. [295-2 at Ex. 5 ¶¶ 18-23.] The only attorney whom Plaintiffs had contact with at the law firm was DeAngelis. [304 at ¶ 20.]

On December 15, DeAngelis received a letter from Hill, stating that Blythe would be transferring $270,000 to his Northern Trust account and instructing him to disburse "$250,000 to Flawless Financial as final payment for the 100 residential lots provided by the City of Chicago and deeded to Blythe Holdings, Inc." [295-2 at Ex. 8.] On December 20, two investors in Blythe transferred $250,000 to DeAngelis's account at Northern Trust. [304 at ¶ 21, 306 at ¶ 22.] DeAngelis did not specifically inform the Brown Udell Defendants of this transfer. [295-2 at Ex. 5 ¶¶ 39-40.] The next day, DeAngelis caused $249,978 of the funds in his Northern Trust account to be wired to an account at LaSalle Bank held in the names of Flawless Financial and Tracy Williams. [304 at ¶ 23, 306 at ¶ 23.] None of these funds were ever used to purchase lots from the City of Chicago on behalf of Blythe. [314 at ¶ 11, 315 at ¶ 14.]

On January 10, 2006, DeAngelis sent a letter to Hill, advising her that Blythe had "paid the requisite fees in connection with the first 100 parcels, and we have begun the formal application process." [304-6 at Ex. G, 314 at ¶ 13.] DeAngelis also listed the steps in the City's approval process, beginning with submitting a formal application to the Department of Planning and Development. [304-6 at Ex. G.] DeAngelis wrote that, "[i]n terms of timing, the City can be difficult to predict," but that "60 to 90 days is possible." [304-6 at Ex. G.]

In mid-March 2006, Chicago 100, Inc., was formed with Hill's consent. [304 at ¶ 25.] On May 12, DeAngelis submitted an Application for Purchase of Redevelopment Project Area Property to Michelle Nolan at the Department of Planning and Development on behalf of Chicago 100. [304 at ¶ 27, 306 at ¶ 32.] The application contained mistakes, but they were correctable and non-fatal to the acquisition of the lots. [304 at ¶¶ 28-29, 306 at ¶ 39.] Shortly after the application was submitted, one of Plaintiffs' investors, Stephen Forte, gave Plaintiffs an additional $250,000 to pursue the acquisition. [304 at ¶ 30.] However, this entire amount was spent by June. [304 at ¶ 31.]

On May 22, Hill requested that DeAngelis deliver a letter to Coleman on Hill's behalf. [306 at ¶ 33.] In the letter, Hill expressed her dissatisfaction with Williams and Flawless but also indicated her belief that the project could move forward. [299-16, 306 at ¶ 33.] On June 12, DeAngelis sent Hill's letter to Coleman. [306 at ¶ 34.] On June 14, Nolan wrote to Hill to outline various additional steps that Plaintiffs needed to take to acquire the lots. [304 at ¶ 35, 306 at ¶ 35.] Plaintiffs made no further efforts to pursue the acquisition. [304 at ¶ 36, 306 at ¶ 36.] Hill testified that she had no way of knowing whether the City would have approved the application, had it proceeded. [306 at ¶ 46.] As of April 2008, the lots that Plaintiffs had sought to acquire were still available to be purchased from the City. [304 at ¶ 37, 306 at ¶ 40.]

As previously stated, Plaintiffs filed an amended complaint, bringing RICO claims against other defendants and bringing related state law claims for legal malpractice, unjust enrichment, and equitable accounting against DeAngelis and the Brown Udell Defendants. The Court dismissed the legal malpractice and equitable accounting claims without prejudice. [221.] Thereafter, Plaintiffs moved to replead the legal malpractice claims. [226.] The Court granted Plaintiffs' motion. [238.]

During discovery, the only expert report disclosed by Plaintiffs was that of Professor Leonard Gross. [304 at ¶ 46.] Professor Gross opined that DeAngelis breached the standard of care required of attorneys by, among other things, failing to safeguard Blythe's property, namely, the $250,000 transfer. [304-6 at Ex. E.] Professor Gross also opined that DeAngelis breached his fiduciary duty to Blythe by seeking to protect the interests of Williams and Flawless while representing Blythe, and by representing another entity, Hobbs, and Blythe regarding the same 16th Ward properties.*fn4 [306 at ¶ 53.] Professor Gross testified that, in his report, he did not opine that the Brown Udell Defendants had (or breached) any duty to ensure that DeAngelis complied with firm policies and procedures.*fn5 [295-3 at Ex. 11 p. 58.] Professor Gross also confirmed that his report set forth every opinion that he intended to offer at trial. [295-3 at Ex. 11 p. 58.] Professor Gross did not offer opinions on causation. [304-6 at Ex. E, 306 at ¶¶ 57-58.]

The Brown Udell Defendants moved for summary judgment on both the legal malpractice and unjust enrichment claims. [294, 295.] DeAngelis moved for summary judgment on the legal malpractice claim. [297, 298.]

II.Legal Standard

Summary judgment is proper where "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). In determining whether there is a genuine issue of fact, the Court "must construe the facts and draw all reasonable inferences in ...

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