Name of Assigned Judge Amy J. St. Eve Sitting Judge if Other or Magistrate Judge than Assigned Judge
The Court denies Defendant Caro's motion to dismiss the Secretary's Complaint as barred by the statute of limitations .
O[ For further details see text below.] Notices mailed by Judicial staff.
Before the Court is Defendant Nicholas C. Caro's ("Caro") motion to dismiss the Secretary's Complaint as barred by the statute of limitations. For the following reasons, the Court denies Defendant's motion.
On September 30, 2011, Plaintiff Hilda L. Solis, Secretary of Labor, United States Department of Labor, (the "Secretary") filed a Complaint against Caro, N.C. Caro M.D., S.C. (the "Practice"), and the N.C. Caro M.D., S.C. Defined Benefit Plan (the "Plan"), alleging multiple violations of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act ("ERISA"), as amended, 29 U.S.C. §§ 1001, et seq. (R. 1, Compl.) The Secretary's Complaint seeks injunctive relief to redress violations, restitution from the Plan's fiduciaries, including Caro, and other equitable relief. (Id., Prayer for Relief.)
The Secretary alleges the following facts. The Plan is an employee benefit plan within the meaning of ERISA § 3(3), 29 U.S.C. § 1002(3). (Id. ¶ 3.) The Practice, an Illinois corporation, created the Plan on January 1, 1999, and amended and restated it on May 29, 2007, retroactively effective as of January 1, 2007, to provide pension, disability, and death benefits to eligible employees. (Id. ¶¶ 3, 11.) At all relevant times, the Practice was the Plan's sponsor, the Plan's administrator, and a fiduciary of the Plan. (Id. ¶ 5.) Caro was the president and sole owner of the Practice, the Plan's sole trustee, a fiduciary of the plan, and a party-in-interest to the Plan. (Id. ¶ 6) Caro's wife, Patricia Caro, who is not a party to this litigation, was a party-in-interest to the Plan during the relevant time period. (Id. ¶ 9.)
Between April 27, 2006 and February 29, 2008, Caro liquidated more than $263,951.00 from the Plan's investment accounts and transferred the money to accounts held in his own name, in his former medical practice's name, and in his wife's company's name. (Id. ¶¶ 13-18.) Instead of using the money to provide benefits to the Plan's participants or to pay Plan expenses, Caro used it to pay for the Practice's operating expenses and legal fees, among other things. (Id. ¶¶ 15-20.) The Secretary avers that in doing so, Caro breached his fiduciary duty.
On July 15, 2011, Caro filed for chapter 7 bankruptcy in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Illinois in Case Number 11-29162. (Id. ¶ 8.) On October 13, 2011, the Secretary filed an adversary complaint against Caro in that court, seeking to have Caro's debt to the Plan deemed non-dischargeable (the "Adversary Complaint"). See Solis v. Caro, Adv. No. 11-02088 (Bankr. N.D. Ill.) at R. 1.
"A motion under Rule 12(b)(6) challenges the sufficiency of the complaint to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." Hallinan v. Fraternal Order of Police of Chicago Lodge No. 7, 570 F.3d 811, 820 (7th Cir. 2009). "The issue is not whether a plaintiff will ultimately prevail but whether the claimant is entitled to offer evidence to support the claims." AnchorBank, FSB v. Hofer, 649 F.3d 610, 614 (7th Cir. 2011) (internal quotation and citation omitted). Pursuant to Rule 8(a)(2), a complaint must include "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). The short and plain statement under Rule 8(a)(2) must "give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Bell Atl. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 167 L. Ed. 2d 929 (2007) (quoting Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 47, 78 S. Ct. 99, 2 L. Ed. 2d 80 (1957)). Under the federal notice pleading standards, a plaintiff's "[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Id. Put differently, "a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949, 173 L. Ed. 2d 868 (2009) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570); see also McCauley v. City of Chicago, 671 F.3d 611, 616-17 (7th Cir. 2011).
"[W]hen ruling on a defendant's motion to dismiss, a judge must accept as true all of the factual allegations contained in the complaint." Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 167 L. Ed. 2d 1081 (2007) (citations omitted). "While a statute of limitations defense is not normally part of a motion to dismiss under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), when the allegations of the complaint reveal that relief is barred by the applicable statute of limitations, the complaint is subject to dismissal for failure to state a claim." Logan v. Wilkins, 644 F.3d 577, 582 (7th Cir. 2011); United States v. Lewis, 411 F.3d 838, 842 (7th Cir. 2005) (motion to dismiss appropriate where "complaint plainly reveals that an action is untimely under the governing statute of limitations"); but see Reiser v. Residential Funding Corp., 380 F.3d 1027, 1030 (7th Cir. 2004) ("because the period of limitations is an ...