Name of Assigned Judge D. Leinenweber Sitting Judge if Other or Magistrate Judge Harry than Assigned Judge
For the following reasons, Defendants' Motion for Leave to File Amended Notice of Removal [DKT 21] is granted, and Plaintiff's Motion to Remand [DKT 15] is denied. Status hearing set for 5/23/2012 at 9:00 a.m.
O[ For further details see text below.] Notices mailed by Judicial staff.
On February 1, 2012, plaintiff Pinnacle Performance, Inc. ("Pinnacle") filed suit in the Circuit Court of Cook County against Kerri Garbis, Eric Bergeron, their now-defunct franchise Pinnacle Northeast, Inc. ("Pinnacle NE"), and Ovation Communications, LLC ("Ovation"). Pinnacle NE allegedly failed to make its franchise payments, and the parties entered into a Franchise Separation Agreement wherein Pinnacle forgave some remaining debt and Pinnacle NE agreed to transition its clients to Pinnacle. Garbis allegedly claimed that she was getting out of the industry, but instead founded Ovation to compete with Pinnacle, keeping Pinnacle NE's clients and using Pinnacle's proprietary materials. The complaint alleges misappropriation of trade secrets (or, alternatively, conversion), common law unfair competition, common law copyright infringement, tortious interference with prospective advantage, and breach of contract (or, alternatively, rescission). The complaint alleges that Plaintiff suffered damages in excess of $30,000, and seeks exemplary damages of $1,000,000.
On February 16, 2012, Defendants filed a Notice of Removal based on diversity jurisdiction. The Notice alleges that Plaintiff is an Illinois corporation which principally operates here. It also alleges that Defendants Garbis and Bergeron are Massachusetts citizens. Finally, it alleges that Pinnacle NE was a New York Corporation principally operating in Massachusetts. The Notice fails to allege Ovation's citizenship.
The state-court complaint attached to the Notice alleges that Ovation is a Massachusetts limited liability company with its principal place of business there, and that Garbis and Bergeron are Ovation members. Exhibit 3 to that complaint, Ovation's Massachusetts corporate registration, lists Ovation's principal office as in Massachusetts, Garbis as its manager and signatory, and Bergeron as its Resident Agent.
Plaintiff has moved to remand this case, based on the defect in the Notice and the claim that the amount in controversy does not exceed $75,000. Defendants seek leave to file an amended notice of removal.
A. Motion to Amend Removal Petition
A notice of removal must usually be filed within 30 days of a defendant's being served or receiving a copy of the complaint. 28 U.S.C. §1446(b). The 30-day deadline is not jurisdictional, but is strictly applied. Walton v. Bayer Corp., 643 F.3d 994, 998 (7th Cir. 2011). Defendants may freely amend a notice of removal during that 30-day window. N. Ill. Gas Co. v. Airco Indus. Gases, 676 F.2d 270, 273 (7th Cir. 1982) superseded in unrelated part by statute as stated in Carmel v. Steel Supply & Eng'g Co., No. 1:11--cv--894, 2011 WL 5102621, at *1 (S.D. Ind. October 26, 2011). In addition, 28 U.S.C. §1653 provides that: ...