IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION
February 15, 2012
AEL FINANCIAL, LLC, PLAINTIFF,
FOURNIER MANAGEMENT, LLC, ETC., ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Milton I. Shadur Senior United States District Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Steven Prefontaine has filed what his lawyer labels a "Petition for Removal"*fn1 to bring this action from its place of origin in the Circuit Court of Lake County to this District Court. But because the Notice is deficient in its obligation to establish the existence of federal subject matter jurisdiction, this Court must--and does--remand the action to its place of origin in the state court system.
Notice ¶6 properly sets out the Michigan citizenship of both Steven and Michael Prefontaine, two of the three defendants in the case. But all that Notice ¶¶4 and 5 state as to plaintiff AEL Financial, LLC and co-defendant Fournier Management, LLC is this:
4. Defendant was at the time of filing of the State Court action and presently is informed and believes that AEL FINANCIAL LLC is an Illinois LLC, with its principal place of business in Illinois. AEL FINANCIAL is not a citizen of Michigan.
5. Defendant Fournier Management, LLC, was at the time of filing of the State Court action and presently is a Michigan LLC with its principal place of business in the State of Michigan and is a citizen of Michigan.
As that language reflects, those paragraphs speak only of facts that are jurisdictionally irrelevant when a limited liability company is involved. Those allegations ignore more than a baker's dozen of years of repeated teaching from our Court of Appeals (see, e.g., Cosgrove v. Bartolotta, 150 F.3d 729, 731 (7th Cir. 1998) and a whole battery of decisions since then, exemplified by Hukic v. Aurora Loan Servs., 588 F.3d 420, 427 (7th Cir. 2009) and cases cited there). And that teaching has of course been echoed many times over by this Court and its colleagues.
For a good many years this Court was content simply to identify such failures to lawyers in pursuance of its mandated obligation to "police subject matter jurisdiction sua sponte" (Wernsing v. Thompson, 423 F.3d 732, 743 (7th Cir. 2005)). But there is really no excuse for defense counsel's present lack of knowledge of such a firmly established principle, after well over a full decade's repetition by our Court of Appeals and others.
It is of course the burden of the party who seeks to invoke federal jurisdiction--the plaintiff in any action filed here in the first instance, the defendant in any case brought here via removal--to establish the existence of federal subject matter jurisdiction. That burden has not been met here, so that Section 1447(c) mandates remand of the case. This Court so orders, and the Clerk of Court is directed to mail the certified copy of the order of remand to the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Lake County forthwith.