Name of Assigned Judge D. Leinenweber Sitting
Magistrate Judge Harry
or than Assigned Judge
For the reasons given below, the Court grants Defendant Gonzales's motion to dismiss Counts I and II against her, but denies her motion to dismiss Count III. Status hearing set for 3/6/2012
O[ For further details see text below.] Notices mailed by Judicial staff.
Patricia Banks, former teacher at George Washington High School in Chicago ("George Washington"), has filed suit against the Chicago Board Of Education and George Washington principal Florence Gonzales. Banks alleges that she was subjected to considerable discriminatory and retaliatory treatment during her last few years of tenure at George Washington -- the time that she worked under Gonzales. Plaintiff brings her claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 USC §1981, 42 USC §1983, the Illinois Whistleblower's Act, and the Illinois Personnel Records Act.
Defendant Gonzales has moved to dismiss Counts I, II and III of Plaintiff's complaint. Counts I and II allege a substantive violation of Title VII and retaliation for protected activity in violation of Title VII. Count III is styled as a count for the violation of substantive and procedural due process under 42 USC §1981. The requested relief under that Count, however, includes: a declaration that the actions of the Board of Education and Gonzales violated Title VII, injunctive relief, and damages and attorneys fees under Title VII and 42 USC §1988. Defendant Gonzales moves to dismiss all three counts on the ground that Title VII claims cannot be brought against Gonzales in her individual capacity, and that naming her in her official capacity is redundant where the relevant employer is also a defendant.
On a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), this Court accepts as true all well-pleaded facts in Plaintiff's Complaint and draws all inferences in her favor. Cole v. Milwaukee Area Tech. Coll. Dist., 634 F.3d 901, 903 (7th Cir. 2011). A complaint must contain a "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Plaintiffs need not allege "detailed factual allegations," but must offer more than conclusions or "a formulaic recitation of the elements of the cause of action[.]" Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). "Naked assertion[s] devoid of further factual enhancement" will not suffice -- a complaint "must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949-50 (2009).
Plaintiff concedes that Defendant Gonzales is not individually liable under 42 USC §§ 2000e-2 and 200e-3. Furthermore, it appears that nothing is gained by suing Gonzales in her official capacity, as the Board of Education is already a defendant. Cf. Jungels v. Pierce, 825 F.2d 1127, 1129 (7th Cir. 1987) (Under §1983, naming Mayor in his official capacity, in addition to the city, is ...