UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS URBANA DIVISION
February 8, 2012
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
TERRY TAYLOR, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Michael P. McCUSKEY Chief U.S. District Judge
Wednesday, 08 February, 2012 10:51:47 AM
Clerk, U.S. District Court, ILCD
This case is before the court for ruling on the pro se Motion to Reduce Sentence (#50) filed by Defendant, Terry Taylor. Following this court's careful analysis, Defendant's pro se Motion (#50) is DENIED.
The Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 (FSA), Pub.L. No. 111-220, 124 Stat. 2372 (2010) reduced the disparity between sentences related to cocaine and sentences related to cocaine base ("crack"). 124 Stat. at 2372. The FSA also contained directives requiring the Sentencing Commission to amend the Sentencing Guidelines. Id. at 2372-75. Amendment 748 to the Sentencing Guidelines, which was made effective November 1, 2010, was enacted as a means of implementing those directives. See U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual app. C. vol. III at 381. More specifically, Amendment 748 amended the Drug Quantity Table in § 2D1.1 of the Sentencing Guidelines. Id. at 374-81. On June 30, 2011, the Sentencing Commission voted to give Amendment 748 retroactive effect, to be designated Amendment 750 in Appendix C of the Sentencing Guidelines. See 76 Fed. Reg. 41332-35 (July 13, 2011). Amendment 750 went into effect on November 1, 2011. U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual app. C. vol. III at 398.
On November 8, 2011, this court entered an Order (#53) and allowed Defendant's counsel, the Federal Public Defender, to withdraw from this case. This court stated that Defendant's counsel had accurately assessed the situation when he concluded that Defendant is ineligible for a reduction in his sentence because Defendant was subject to a mandatory minimum sentence. Defendant's counsel stated that the fact that Defendant was sentenced below the statutory mandatory minimum did not make Defendant eligible for a reduction. This is because the Seventh Circuit has held that, when a guideline range is below the statutory mandatory minimum, the defendant's guideline range becomes the mandatory minimum. United States v. Poole, 550 F.3d 676, 678 (7th Cir. 2008), see also U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 5G1.1(b). Defendant's counsel stated that, therefore, any reduction was off of the mandatory minimum and, as such, is unaffected by any subsequent lowering of the guideline range determined by the quantity of drugs involved in the case. The starting point for that reduction is from the mandatory minimum, which is unaffected by a change in the guidelines. See Poole, 550 F.3d at 680.
This court allowed Defendant to proceed pro se and gave Defendant 30 days to file a pleading which either conceded that he was not eligible for a sentence reduction or explained why the 2011 retroactive amendment does in fact have the effect of lowering his sentence. Defendant has not filed a response to this court's Order and the time allowed for filing the response has passed. This court has nonetheless carefully reviewed the record in this case and analyzed whether Defendant is entitled to a reduction in his sentence.
Federal courts are forbidden, as a general matter, to "'modify a term of imprisonment once it has been imposed,' 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c); but the rule of finality is subject to a few narrow exceptions." Freeman v. United States, ___ U.S. ___, 131 S. Ct. 2685, 2690 (2011). An exception is provided for a "defendant who has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2).
In this case, Defendant's sentence was not based on the offense level set forth in § 2D1.1, which has been lowered by the Sentencing Commission, but rather on the statutory mandatory minimum sentence for his offense. Because Amendment 750 did not change the guideline based upon the statutory mandatory minimum, Defendant does not qualify for a sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). See Poole, 550 F.3d at 680.
In addition, Defendant is not entitled to relief under the FSA. The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals has held that the FSA is not retroactive. United States v. Fisher, 635 F.3d 336, 340 (7th Cir. 2011), cert granted in Dorsey v. United States, 132 S. Ct. 759 (2011); see also United States v. Campbell, 659 F.3d 607, 609-10 (7th Cir. 2011).
This court therefore concludes that there is no basis for reducing Defendant's sentence and his pro so Motion to Reduce Sentence (#50) must be denied.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT Defendant's pro se Motion to Reduce Sentence (#50) is DENIED.
Michael P. McCuskey
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