Name of Assigned Judge or Magistrate Judge SHARON JOHNSON COLEMAN Sitting Judge if Other than Assigned Judge
The plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis [#3] is granted. Although the plaintiff has "struck out" under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), he is granted leave to proceed under the "imminent danger" exception to that statute. The court authorizes and orders Cook County Jail officials to deduct $7.33 from the plaintiff's account, and to continue making monthly deductions in accordance with this order. The clerk is directed to: (1) send a copy of this order to the Supervisor of Inmate Trust Fund Accounts, Cook County Dept. of Corrections Administrative Office, Division V, 2700 S. California, Chicago, Illinois 60608; (2) issue summonses for service on the defendants by the U.S. Marshal; and (3) mail the plaintiff a magistrate judge consent form and filing instructions along with a copy of this order.
O [For further details see text below.] Docketing to mail notices.
The plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the Cook County Department of Corrections, has brought this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiff claims that the defendants, two physicians at the jail, have violated the plaintiff's constitutional rights by acting with deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs. More specifically, the plaintiff alleges that he has been denied needed medical care for kidney stones and calcium deposits that have developed in his one remaining kidney.
The plaintiff is advised that he has "struck out" under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) and is therefore generally barred from proceeding in forma pauperis. The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PLRA), enacted on April 26, 1996, provides that a prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 "if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
At least six of Mr. Gibbs' previous federal actions, all of which were filed while he was incarcerated or detained, have been dismissed on the grounds that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See, e.g., Gibbs v. Sobina, Case No. 95 C 0150 (W.D. Penn.), dismissed by Order of August 25, 1995 (Smith, J.); Gibbs v. Hustosky, Case No. 95 C 0159 (W.D. Penn.), dismissed by Order of August 25, 1995 (Smith, J.); Gibbs v. Murray, Case No. 96 C 0160 (W.D. Penn.), dismissed by Order of September 18, 1996 (McLaughlin, J.); Gibbs v. Domitrovich, Case No. 99 C 0383 (W.D. Penn.), dismissed by Order of February 4, 2000 (McLaughlin, J.); Gibbs v. Ward, Case No. 01 C 0760 (W.D. Penn.), dismissed by Memorandum and Order of July 2, 2001 (Caputo, J.); and Gibbs v. Duchatellier, Case No. 10 C 2595 (N.D. Ill.), dismissed by Minute Order of May 4, 2010 (Kendall, J.). Consequently, the plaintiff is largely precluded from bringing suits or filing appeals in federal court in forma pauperis.
Nevertheless, the plaintiff will be permitted to proceed in forma pauperis under the circumstances of his current case because he specifically alleges that he is in imminent danger of serious physical injury, contending that he faces "serious injury or even death" if his immediate medical concerns are not addressed.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), the plaintiff is assessed an initial partial filing fee of $7.33. The supervisor of inmate trust accounts at the Cook County Jail is authorized and ordered to collect, when funds exist, the partial filing fee from the plaintiff's trust fund account and pay it directly to the Clerk of Court. After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the trust fund officer at the plaintiff's place of confinement is directed to collect monthly payments from the plaintiff's trust fund account in an amount equal to 20% of the preceding month's income credited to the account. Monthly payments collected from the plaintiff's trust fund account shall be forwarded to the Clerk of Court each time the amount in the account exceeds $10 until the full $350 filing fee is paid. All payments shall be sent to the Clerk, United States District Court, 219 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois 60604, attn: Cashier's Desk, 20th Floor, and shall clearly identify the plaintiff's name and the case number assigned to this action. The Cook County inmate trust account office shall notify transferee authorities of any outstanding balance in the event the plaintiff is transferred from the jail to another correctional facility.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the court is required to conduct a prompt initial review of prisoner complaints against governmental entities or employees. Here, accepting the plaintiff's factual allegations as true, the court finds that the complaint states a colorable cause of action under the Civil Rights Act. Correctional officials and health care providers may not act with deliberate indifference to an inmate's serious medical needs. Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976); Walker v. Benjamin, 293 F.3d 1030, 1037 (7th Cir. 2002). It should be noted that neither medical malpractice nor a mere disagreement with a doctor's medical judgment amounts to deliberate indifference. Berry v. Peterman, 604 F.3d 435, 441 (7th Cir. 2010); Estelle, 429 U.S. at 106; Greeno, 414 F.3d at 653. Nevertheless, the plaintiff's allegations of deliberate indifference to his purportedly serious condition state an arguable claim. While a more fully developed record may belie the plaintiff's claims, the defendants must respond to the allegations in the complaint.
The clerk shall issue summonses for service of the complaint on the defendants. The clerk shall also send the plaintiff a Magistrate Judge Consent Form and Instructions for Submitting Documents along with a copy of this order.
The United States Marshals Service is appointed to serve the defendants. Any service forms necessary for the plaintiff to complete will be sent by the Marshal as appropriate to serve the defendants with process. The U.S. Marshal is directed to make all reasonable efforts to serve the defendants. If either defendant can no longer be found at the work address provided by the plaintiff, the Cook County Department of Corrections and/or Cermak Health Services shall furnish the Marshal with the defendant's last-known address. The information shall be used only for purposes of effectuating service [or for proof of service, should a dispute arise] and any documentation of the address shall be retained only by the Marshal. Address information shall not be maintained in the court file, nor disclosed by the Marshal. The Marshal is authorized to mail a request for waiver of service to the defendants in the manner prescribed by Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(d)(2) before attempting personal service.
The plaintiff is instructed to file all future papers concerning this action with the Clerk of Court in care of the Prisoner Correspondent. The plaintiff must provide the court with the original plus a complete judge's copy, including any exhibits, of every document filed. In addition, the plaintiff must send an exact copy of any court filing to the defendants [or to defense counsel, once an attorney has entered an appearance on behalf of the defendants]. Every document filed with the court must include a certificate of service stating to whom exact copies were mailed and the date of mailing. Any paper ...