IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
September 8, 2011
JUSTIN BECKER, ET AL., PLAINTIFF,
CONAGRA FOODS, INC., ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Frazier, Magistrate Judge:
Before the Court is plaintiffs' oral motion to compel production of documents. Plaintiffs are seeking certain documents withheld on the basis of privilege. The parties have conferred and were able to reduce the number of documents at issue.*fn1 Defendant ConAgra Foods has submitted the remaining items for in camera review, along with an updated privilege log and affidavits supporting the privilege claims. These items have been reviewed.
I. Attorney Client Privilege
Because this Court is exercising diversity jurisdiction, Illinois law governs the question of whether a particular document is protected by the attorney-client privilege. Fed. R. Evid. 501. In Illinois, the purpose of the attorney-client privilege is to encourage and promote full and frank consultation between a client and a legal advisor. The privilege protects communications made in confidence by a client to a legal advisor acting in a legal capacity. The communication must be made for the purpose of securing legal advice and must remain confidential. Consolidated Coal Co. v. Bucyrus-Erie Co., 432 N.E.2d 250, 257-258 (Ill. 1982). Because ConAgra is a corporation, the Court must evaluate the status of the communicating employee within the corporate hierarchy. The privilege extends to a control group made up of those who act as decision-makers and those whose advisory role is such that a decision would not normally be made without his or her input, and whose opinion in fact forms the basis of any final decision by those with authority. Id at 258; Sterling Finance Management, L.P. v. UBS PaineWebber, Inc., 782 N.E.2d 895, (Ill App. 2002). ConAgra bears the burden of proof on this privilege claim. Consolidated Coal Co. V. Bucyrus-Erie Co., 432 N.E.2d at 257.
II. Insurer-Insured Privilege
Illinois recognizes this privilege, which extends the benefits of the attorney-client privilege to certain communications made between a liability carrier and its client. To establish the applicability of this privilege, ConAgra must show (1) the identify of the insured, (2) the identity of the insurance carrier, (3) the duty to defend a lawsuit, and (4) that a communication was made between the insured and an agent of the insurer. Pietro v. Marriott Senior Living Services, Inc., 810 N.E.2d 217, 226 (Ill. App. 2004). Again, the burden of proof rests with ConAgra, the party asserting the privilege. Id. at 228.
III. Work Product Doctrine
Federal law governs the work product doctrine, which creates a zone of privacy in which lawyers can analyze and prepare a case free from scrutiny and interference. The doctrine protects documents prepared in anticipation of litigation or for trial by or for another party or its representatives. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(3). The party asserting work product protection has the burden to establish that the definition has been met. Logan v. Commercial Union Ins. Co., 96 F.3d 971, 976 (7th Cir. 1996).
Applying the above legal principles to the materials submitted and reviewed in camera, the Court finds as follows:
(1). ConAgra's control group includes the following individuals only to the extent their communications fall within their specific area of corporate responsibility during their employment with ConAgra, summarized below:
Brad Allen -- operations of commercial mills facilities
Brad Berentson -- financial operations, personnel Alan Bindel -- employee operations, equipment, and machinery at Chester facility Paige Buffington -- worker's compensation claims Tom Culross -- environment, health and safety Brian Dunekacke -- production/operations at the Chester facility Godfrey Friedt -- operation, maintenance, and servicing of elevators and bins Rick Gregory, Jr. -- environment, health and safety Elaine Hernandez -- financial and risk management Dean Hoerning -- engineering and structural changes James Lime -- environment, health and safety Paul Maass -- commercial foods Glen Macziewski -- insurance needs & coverage Scott Martin -- technical milling Samantha Tran -- finance Scott Solberg -- property insurance Damir Stupar -- finance Kent Ties -- finance/insurance Leonard Weaver, III -- mediation/litigation Anthony Yount -- environment, health and safety Mark Zimitsch -- plant operations in New Prague, Minnesota and Alton, Illinois (2). ConAgra has satisfied its burden of proof by showing that the following documents (identified here by bates stamp number) are protected by the attorney-client privilege. These documents were properly withheld:
0093 0192 0133 0096 0206 0134 0103 0209 0135 0104 0254 0137 0110 0142 0215 0113 0168 0260 0120 0202 0262 0127 0208 0263 0169 0213 0245 0170 0248 0264 0171 0105
Documents discussing business advice that were forwarded to in-house counsel after the explosion (e.g. 0062, 0010, 0012, 0013) have not been included either because the communications were not made for the purpose of securing legal advice or because information was distributed to individuals outside the control group, negating the element of confidentiality. CNR Investments, Inc. v. Jefferson Trust and Savings Bank of Peoria, 451 N.E.2d 580, 615 (Ill. App. 1983).
(3). ConAgra has satisfied its burden of proof by showing that the following documents contain information that is protected by the attorney-client privilege. Because these documents also contain material that is not protected by a privilege, these documents shall be produced in redacted form:
0106 - paragraph 4 in the attachment may be redacted 0108 - paragraph 4 may be redacted 0111 - all may be redacted except communications with Kevin P. Durkin 0157 - portions relating to Brandon Mueller may be redacted 0159 - portions relating to Brandon Mueller may be redacted 0160 - portions relating to Brandon Mueller may be redacted 0162 - portion after Leo/Megan may be redacted 0165 - portion after Leo/Megan may be redacted 0166 - portion after Leo/Megan may be redacted 0230 - all may be redacted except for communications with Douglas Jones 0225 - all may be redacted except for communications with Douglas Jones 0163 -- portion after Leo/Megan may be redacted 0167 - portion after Leo/Megan may be redacted 0211 - portion after Leonard may be redacted
(4). ConAgra has satisfied its burden of proof by demonstrating that the following documents are protected by the insurer-insured privilege. These documents were properly withheld:
0199 0200 0201
Communications with Douglas Jones are not included because the materials submitted do not show that Douglas Jones was an agent of a liability carrier having an obligation to defend lawsuits against ConAgra.
(5). ConAgra has not satisfied its burden of proof to show that documents are protected by the work product doctrine. While numerous business communications were forwarded to in-house counsel after the explosion, those materials were not prepared in anticipation of litigation and the act of forwarding does not reveal the product of counsel's work.
IT IS ORDERED that the oral motion to compel production is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. Documents which remain in dispute and have not been listed in findings (2) and (4) shall be produced within 21 days. Documents listed in finding (3) shall be produced in redacted form within 21 days.
PHILIP M. FRAZIER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE