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Valerie Oatis v. Michael J. Astrue

August 23, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Samuel Der-yeghiayan, District Judge


This matter is before the court on Plaintiff Valerie Oatis' (Oatis) motion for summary judgment. For the reasons stated below, Oatis' motion for summary judgment is granted and this action is remanded to the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.


Oatis contends that she has severe impairments of seizure disorder, grand mal, asthma, and certain severe cognitive and depressive disorders. Oatis claims that she frequently suffers from seizures and that although she had been working in 2005, she lost her job after about a month because she had a seizure at work. In August 2007, Oatis filed an application for Supplemental Security Income. Oatis' disability claim was denied in October 2007, and denied upon reconsideration in February 2008. The application then proceeded before an ALJ. On September 21, 2009, a hearing was held before the ALJ (Hearing) and on November 2, 2009, the ALJ issued a decision denying Oatis' disability claim. The ALJ found that Oatis was not disabled because she could perform a significant number of jobs in the national economy. (AR 7-21). Oatis then requested review by the Appeals Council, which was denied on July 23, 2010. Oatis contends that the ALJ erred in her decisions and moves for summary judgment seeking to have this action remanded back to the Commissioner of Social Security (Commissioner) for further proceedings.


Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), a party can seek judicial review of administrative decisions made under the Social Security Act. When the ALJ's decision is deemed to be "the final action of the Social Security Administration, the reviewing district court examines the ALJ's decision to determine whether substantial evidence supports it and whether the ALJ applied the proper legal criteria." Allord v. Astrue, 631 F.3d 411, 415 (7th Cir. 2011).


Oatis argues that the ALJ failed to make a proper credibility determination regarding Oatis' testimony at the Hearing. Oatis also contends that the ALJ failed to properly analyze Oatis' seizure disorder and failed to conduct a proper analysis in regard to Oatis' residual functional capacity (RFC).

I. Credibility Determinations of Oatis' Testimony

Oatis argues that the ALJ failed to properly support the record as to the ALJ's credibility findings regarding Oatis' testimony on the topic of the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of her symptoms. While a court on review does "not reweigh evidence, resolve conflicts, decide questions of credibility, or substitute [its] own judgment for that of the Commissioner, [the court must] conduct a critical review of the evidence" and ensure that the ALJ "adequately discuss[ed] the issues and [built] an accurate and logical bridge from the evidence to his conclusion." McKinzey v. Astrue, 641 F.3d 884, 889 (7th Cir. 2011)(internal quotations omitted)(quoting Lopez ex rel. Lopez v. Barnhart, 336 F.3d 535, 539 (7th Cir. 2003)). In making credibility determinations as to statements in the record, an ALJ must "explain the weight given to" the statements and provide an "explication that would allow th[e] court to understand the weight given to the . . . statements or the reasons for that consideration as required by SSR 96-7p." Brindisi ex rel. Brindisi v. Barnhart, 315 F.3d 783, 788 (7th Cir. 2003); see also Craft v. Astrue, 539 F.3d 668, 678 (7th Cir. 2008)(stating that "[t]he determination of credibility must contain specific reasons for the credibility finding").

The ALJ recognized that Oatis has serious physical and mental impairments such as her seizure disorder and cognitive disorder. (AR 12). The ALJ acknowledged that Oatis was taken to the emergency room on several occasions for her seizures. (AR 12-13). Defendant, in response to the instant motion also acknowledges that Oatis was taken to the emergency room for seizures on at least 11 occasions between July 2005 and August 2009. (Ans. SJ 10-11). Despite the recognition of Oatis' severe impairments, the ALJ stated as part of her RFC finding that Oatis' "statements concerning the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of [her] symptoms are not credible to the extent that they are inconsistent with the" RFC findings. (AR 17). The ALJ, however, did not explain how Oatis' testimony was inconsistent with the RFC findings. Thus, the ALJ failed to build a logical bridge between the conclusion and the record and failed to provide a proper explanation regarding her credibility assessments of Oatis' testimony.

The ALJ also indicated that she did not believe Oatis to be credible because of certain inconsistencies in the record with Oatis' testimony. For example, the ALJ pointed out that at the Hearing Oatis testified that she was in special education classes as a child, but that she did not tell the claims representative she had been in special education when filing her disability claim. (AR 17). Although the ALJ concluded that such an inconsistency indicated that Oatis was not a credible witness, the ALJ failed to adequately explain her conclusion in light of the evidence presented by the psychological consultative examiner that indicated that at times Oatis had episodes of memory loss and confusion and diagnosed her with Cognitive Disorder, NOS and Depressive Disorder, NOS. (AR 231, 232). The ALJ herself concluded that Oatis suffers from a severe cognitive disorder and severe depressive disorder and had imitations in concentration. (AR 12). Pursuant to SSR 96-7p, "[w]hen evaluating the credibility of an individual's statements, the adjudicator must consider the entire case record and give specific reasons for the weight given to the individual's statements." Id.; see also Brindisi, 315 F.3d at 787 (stating that "[i]n evaluating the credibility of statements supporting a Social Security application, . . . an ALJ must comply with the requirements of Social Security Ruling 96-7p"). The record does not reflect that the ALJ gave consideration to the entire case record in evaluating Oatis' testimony.

The ALJ also concluded that Oatis' testimony as to the frequency of urination and bowel movements was not supported by any objective medical evidence and thus was not credible testimony. (AR 18). However, the ALJ did not explain what type of medical evidence would have been available to corroborate Oatis' testimony regarding urination and bowel movements. The ALJ merely speculated that such evidence should have been presented if Oatis was telling the truth about her urination and bowel movements. In addition, pursuant to SSR 96-7p, "[a]n individual's statements about the intensity and persistence of pain or other symptoms or about the effect the symptoms have on his or her ability to work may not be disregarded solely because they are not substantiated by objective medical evidence." Id.

The ALJ also stated in a conclusory fashion that there is no evidence that the medication taken by Oatis caused her problems with urination and bowel movements. (AR 18). However, Oatis testified at the Hearing that her physician was planning to change Oatis' medication because of such symptoms. (AR 46-47). The ALJ did not address that portion of the record. (AR 18). The ALJ should have solicited additional information from Oatis' physician concerning that matter to assess whether her physician was changing Oatis' medication simply because of her complaints or because of a legitimate medical basis to conclude that the medication was causing such symptoms. Thus, the ALJ failed to properly conduct a credibility ...

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