United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois
May 25, 2011
ROBERT WYATT (B-72339)
THOMAS DART, ET AL.
Name of Assigned Judge Sitting Judge if Other or Magistrate Judge Samuel Der-Yeghiayan than Assigned Judge
DOCKET ENTRY TEXT
For the reasons stated below, Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis  is denied. Plaintiff is given until June 22, 2011 to either pay the filing fee or file an accurately and properly completed in forma pauperis application form with the required certified copy of his trust fund account statement. Plaintiff is warned that if he fails to pay the filing fee or file an accurately and properly completed in forma pauperis application form with the required certified copy of his trust fund account statement by June 22, 2011, this case will be dismissed. Plaintiff's motion for appointment of counsel  is denied.
O[ For further details see text below.] Docketing to mail notices.
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff Robert Wyatt's (Wyatt) motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis and motion for appointment of counsel. Wyatt, as a prisoner, was required to include with his in forma pauperis application form "a certified copy of" his "trust fund account statement (or institutional equivalent) . . . for the 6-month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint . . . obtained from the appropriate official of each prison at which [Wyatt] is or was confined." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2). Wyatt has submitted a prison trust account statement, but the statement indicates that it covers only financial information after January 1, 2011. (Trust St. 1). It is apparent from the allegations in Wyatt's complaint concerning his alleged treatment while incarcerated that he has been incarcerated since at least February 2010. (Compl. 3). Thus, Wyatt has failed to provide the required certified copy of the trust fund account statement for the six months of his incarceration prior to the filing of the complaint, and therefore the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is denied.
Wyatt is given until June 22, 2011 to either pay the filing fee or file an accurately and properly completed in forma pauperis application form with the required certified copy of his trust fund account statement. Wyatt is warned that if he fails to pay the filing fee or file an accurately and properly completed in forma pauperis application form with the required certified copy of his trust fund account statement by June 22, 2011, this case will be dismissed.
Wyatt also seeks an appointment of counsel. An indigent civil litigant does not have a right to appointed counsel. Forbes v. Edgar, 112 F.3d 262, 264 (7th Cir. 1997). However, a court, in its discretion, can appoint counsel for indigents in a civil action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). In determining whether to appoint counsel for a civil litigant, a court must consider the following factors: "(1) has the indigent plaintiff made a reasonable attempt to obtain counsel or been effectively precluded from doing so; and if so, (2) given the difficulty of the case, does the plaintiff appear competent to litigate it himself?" Pruitt v. Mote, 503 F.3d 647, 654, 661 (7th Cir. 2007)(stating that there is no presumption in favor of granting or denying a motion for appointment of counsel and that each motion is to be considered individually). In considering the competency factor, the court must determine "whether the difficulty of the case-factually and legally-exceeds the particular plaintiff's capacity as a layperson to coherently present it to the judge or jury himself." Id. at 655 (stating that "[t]he question is not whether a lawyer would present the case more effectively than the pro se plaintiff; 'if that were the test, district judges would be required to request counsel for every indigent litigant'")(quoting Johnson v. Doughty, 433 F.3d 1001, 1006 (7th Cir. 2006)). In assessing competency, the court must consider "whether the plaintiff appears competent to litigate his own claims, given their degree of difficulty, and this includes the tasks that normally attend litigation: evidence gathering, preparing and responding to motions and other court filings, and trial." Id. (emphasis omitted). In ruling on a motion for appointment of counsel, the court should take into consideration "the plaintiff's literacy, communication skills, educational level, and litigation experience" and evaluate "evidence in the record bearing on the plaintiff's intellectual capacity and psychological history," including "any information submitted in support of the request for counsel, as well as the pleadings, communications from, and any contact with the plaintiff." Id. (stating that "in some cases-perhaps many cases-the record may be sparse" and that "[t]he inquiry into the plaintiff's capacity to handle his own case is a practical one, made in light of whatever relevant evidence is available on the question").
In the instant action, Wyatt has not shown that this case is overly complex or difficult, factually or legally. The court has considered the entire record in this case at this juncture, as it reflects on Wyatt's ability to coherently present his case as a layperson and his ability to perform the tasks that normally attend litigation. The court concludes that, based upon the record before us, Wyatt is competent to present his case at this juncture without the assistance of appointed counsel. Therefore, the court finds that an appointment of counsel is not warranted at this juncture, and the court denies the motion for appointment of counsel.
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