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United States of America v. Richard S. Connors

December 22, 2010

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
RICHARD S. CONNORS,
DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Ronald A. Guzman

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Before the Court is Richard Connors' motion to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. On June 9, 2004, this Court sentenced Connors to thirty-seven months of incarceration and three years of supervised release for smuggling Cuban cigars into the United States in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 545; one count of conspiracy, in violation of § 371; one count of making a false statement on a passport application, in violation of § 1542; and violating the Trading with the Enemy Act, in violation of 50 U.S.C. App. §§ 5(b)(1) and 16.*fn1

For the reasons provided below, the motion is denied.

Discussion

A federal prisoner may move a district court to vacate, set aside or correct a sentence on the grounds that it was "imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court was without jurisdiction to impose such sentence, or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack." 28 U.S.C. § 2255. The § 2255 movant bears the burden of establishing his right to relief from judgment against him. United States v. Trumblay, 234 F.2d 273, 275 (7th Cir. 1956); Kafo v. United States, No. 05 C 701, 2007 WL 1544358, at *2 (N.D. Ill. May 29, 2007).

In support of his motion, Connors argues that: (1) his Fifth Amendment right to due process and Sixth Amendment right to a fair and impartial jury were violated due to jury tampering; (2) his Fifth Amendment right to due process was violated because the government forged and altered an original document before it was introduced at trial; (3) his Fifth Amendment right to due process and Sixth Amendment right to confront witnesses was violated because the government withheld the file that U.S. Customs Agent John Sheridan kept on confidential informant Nicole Chakalis, as well as the fact that Ms. Chakalis was a confidential informant, from the defense; and (4) because of the above-mentioned issues, the criminal proceedings were reduced to a farce and mockery such that it constitutes a fundamental miscarriage of justice.*fn2 The right to a fair trial is mandated by the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution. Alexander v. Louisiana, 405 U.S. 625, 633 (1972). The right to a fair and impartial jury and to confront witnesses is guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment. Pointer v. Texas, 380 U.S. 400, 403-04 (1965).

First, Connors argues that jury tampering violated his constitutional right to a fair trial and a fair and impartial jury as guaranteed by the Fifth and Sixth Amendments. In a § 2255 proceeding, district courts may apply the Federal Rules of Evidence. United States v. Torrez-Flores, 624 F.2d 776, 781 (7th Cir. 1980); United States v. Francischine, 512 F.2d 827, 829 (5th Cir. 1975).

In support of his allegation of jury tampering, Connors submits an anonymous letter sent to the jury foreperson in Connors' criminal trial in which the anonymous author states in pertinent part:

You don't know me, but I'm dating one of the cops who worked on the Connors case and I've been hearing some things that I think you might want to know. . . . Connors has been filing papers in court saying that there was jury tampering during his trial. When my boyfriend heard about that he freaked out.

He's afraid that if someone starts digging into this they'll find out that you were helping the police during the trial. (Mot. Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence by Person Federal Custody, Ex. B2, Anonymous Letter to Jury Foreperson.)*fn3 He also proffers an email sent to him from an anonymous source, reward@justicereward.com, who purports to be one of the participants in the alleged jury tampering. The email states in pertinent part:

Reading your website I see you already have some of the information you're looking for, either that or you're real good at guessing, because you're right, the US v Connors trial was fixed. I know because I helped fix it. The juror we used was Maureen Scott and it wasn't just her involved. Meza, Oliver, and judge Guzman were in on it too. . . . [Scott] gave nightly reports which were relayed to Meza and Oliver and they relayed instructions back to her coaching her on how to take over the jury and get a guilty verdict.

(Movant's Reply Gov't's Resp., Ex. G, Email from reward@justicereward.com to Connors of 10/5/09.)

Connors is offering the above documents to prove the truth of the statements therein, i.e., that his trial involved jury tampering, and thus, the letter and the email constitute hearsay and the statements are therefore inadmissible for the Court's consideration. As neither of the authors signed his or her name, it is impossible to judge the authenticity of these documents. There is nothing in the communications themselves, by way of appearance, contents, substance, internal patterns, other distinctive characteristics or other circumstances, that would enable the Court to authenticate them. With regard to either letter, there is no evidence sufficient to support a finding that the matter in question is what the proponent claims, and there is nothing in the Court's records that suggests or implies that such a conspiracy existed. Accordingly, the Court exercises its discretion and determines that it will not consider the documents. Connors' argument that jury tampering occurred is conclusory and wholly unsubstantiated. What Connors has provided the Court is simply insufficient to satisfy his burden of establishing that his constitutional rights were violated. Thus, the Court denies Connors' motion to vacate to the extent that it asserts a violation of his constitutional rights based on jury tampering.

Second, Connors argues that his Fifth Amendment right to due process of law and Sixth Amendment right to confront witnesses were violated because the government withheld an original document from the defense (see ยง 2255 Mot., Ex. D, Damaged or Missing Baggage Report), and then introduced a forged and/or altered copy of that ...


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