United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois
November 29, 2010
ERICK D. MARTIN
THOMAS DART, ET AL.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge James B. Zagel
Name of Assigned Judge JAMES B. ZAGEL Sitting Judge if Other or Magistrate Judge than Assigned Judge
DOCKET ENTRY TEXT:
The court construes the plaintiff's letter [#6] as a motion for appointment of counsel. The motion is denied. The clerk is directed to mail the plaintiff another copy of the court's filing instructions along with a copy of this order.
O [For further details see text below.] Docketing to mail notices.
The plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the Cook County Department of Corrections, has brought this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiff claims that correctional officers at the jail violated the plaintiff's constitutional rights by repeatedly using unjustified force against him, and by intentionally handcuffing him so tightly as to cause pain and suffering. This matter is before the court for consideration of the plaintiff's later dated November 1, 2010, which the court construes as a motion for appointment of counsel.
The motion is denied. There is no constitutional or statutory right to counsel in federal civil cases. Romanelli v. Suliene, 615 F.3d 847, 851 (2010); see also Johnson v. Doughty, 433 F.3d 1001, 1006 (7th Cir. 2006). Nevertheless, the court has discretion under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) to request counsel for an indigent litigant. Pruitt v. Mote, 503 F.3d 647, 654 (7th Cir. 2007), citing Johnson, 433 F.3d at 1006. When a pro se litigant submits a request for appointment of counsel, the court must first consider whether the indigent plaintiff has made reasonable attempts to secure counsel on his own, or conversely, if he has been precluded from doing so. Pruitt, 503 F.3d at 654. Next, the court must evaluate the complexity of the case and whether the plaintiff appears competent to litigate it on his own. Id. at 654-55. Another consideration is whether the assistance of counsel would provide a substantial benefit to the court or the parties, potentially affecting the outcome of the case. Id. at 654; Gil v. Reed, 381 F.3d 649, 656 (7th Cir. 2004); see also Local Rule 83.36(c) (N.D. Ill.) (listing the factors to be taken into account in determining whether to appoint counsel).
After considering the above factors, the court concludes that appointment of counsel is not warranted in this case. First, the plaintiff has failed to show either that he has made reasonable efforts to retain private counsel or that he has been effectively precluded from making such efforts. In any event, although the complaint sets forth cognizable claims, the plaintiff has alleged no physical or mental disability that might preclude him from adequately investigating the facts giving rise to his complaint. Neither the legal issues raised in the complaint nor the evidence that might support the plaintiff's claims are so complex or intricate that a trained attorney is necessary. The plaintiff, whose submissions to date have been coherent and articulate, appears more than capable of presenting his case. It should additionally be noted that the court grants pro se litigants wide latitude in the handling of their lawsuits. Therefore, the plaintiff's motion for appointment of counsel is denied at this time. Should the case proceed to a point that assistance of counsel is appropriate, the court may revisit this request.
As a final concern, the plaintiff is reminded of basic filing requirements: (1) Letters to the judge are not permitted. Any requests for court action must be made by motion (such as "motion for appointment of counsel") and filed with the Clerk of Court in care of the Prisoner Correspondent. (2) The plaintiff must provide the court with the original plus a judge's copy of every document filed. (3) Once counsel for the defendants has entered an appearance, every document filed must include a certificate of service showing that a copy was mailed to opposing counsel. The clerk will provide the plaintiff with another copy of the court's filing instructions. In the future, the court may strike without considering any document filed that fails to comport with these basic filing rules.
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