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Kelleher v. Eaglerider

October 28, 2010

JAMES KELLEHER AND YOAV YAAKOBY, INDIVIDUALLY AND ON BEHALF OF ALL OTHER SIMILARLY SITUATED, PLAINTIFFS,
v.
EAGLERIDER, INC., DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Matthew F. Kennelly, District Judge

CORRECTED MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Yoav Yaakoby and James Kelleher have sued Eaglerider, Inc., claiming that it violated the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003 (FACTA) by exposing their credit card numbers and expiration dates on receipts for motorcycle rental transactions. Both allege that the online booking confirmations they viewed on their computer screens after making rental reservations on Eaglerider's website (the screenshots) are "electronically printed" receipts subject to FACTA's truncation requirements. Additionally, Yaakoby contends that Eaglerider violated FACTA by providing him with paper receipts containing extra digits of his credit card number, as well as its expiration date. Yaakoby and Kelleher both seek statutory damages.

Eaglerider has moved for summary judgment on two grounds. First, Eaglerider contends that the plaintiffs' claims fail as a matter of law because the screenshots containing the allegedly illegal information are not "receipts" within the meaning of FACTA. Second, Eaglerider argues that Yaakoby waived any potential FACTA claims by signing and initialing release forms that accompanied his rental contract.

For the reasons stated below, the Court grants summary judgment in favor of Eaglerider with respect to all of Kelleher's claims and Yaakoby's claims that arise out of the screenshots but otherwise denies Eaglerider's motion.

Background

The following facts are not in dispute and can be found in the statements of material facts provided by Eaglerider and the plaintiffs pursuant to Local Rule 56.1(b)(3) (Def.'s Stmt. and Pls.' Stmt.).

Eaglerider is a California corporation that bills itself as "the world's largest motorcycle tourism company." Def.'s Stmt. ¶ 2. Its principal place of business is in Los Angeles, but the company also operates a rental facility in Berwyn, Illinois. Id. Customers can reserve and pay for a motorcycle rental through Eaglerider's website. Id. ¶ 8. After a customer makes a booking on the website, he views a confirmation screen that displays the details of the rental location, time and vehicle as well as the amount charged to his credit card. Id. ¶ 12.

On September 1, 2009, James Kelleher made a motorcycle rental reservation using Eaglerider's website. After submitting his personal and credit card information, Kelleher viewed his booking confirmation on the website. The confirmation screen displayed, among other information, his credit card's expiration date. Def.'s Stmt. ¶ 18; Pls.' Stmt. ¶ 10. Kelleher never picked up a motorcycle from Eaglerider and did not sign a credit card receipt or receive a release from Eaglerider at the Berwyn rental facility. Pls.' Stmt. ¶¶ 5-7.

On September 11, 2009, Yoav Yaakoby also made an online reservation with his credit card through Eaglerider's website. Pls.' Stmt. ¶ 8. After completing his booking, Yaakoby-like Kelleher-viewed a confirmation screen that displayed the expiration date of his credit card. Def.'s Stmt. ¶ 15; Pls.' Stmt. ¶ 10.

Unlike Kelleher, Yaakoby picked up his motorcycle from Eaglerider's Berwyn rental facility. Pls.' Stmt. ¶ 11. When he arrived at the facility, Yaakoby received a rental contract containing several documents. One of these was a "Rental Out" form, which revealed the expiration date of Yaakoby's credit card. Def.'s Stmt. ¶ 31. Another was a "Terms and Conditions" form, which included an empty line for the renter to sign his initials in order to indicate agreement to an attached list of terms and conditions. Id. ¶ 27. Yaakoby placed his initials on this form. Id. He also signed a separate "Motorcycle Rental Release of Liability" form. Id. ¶ 30. Upon returning the motorcycle to Eaglerider the following day, Yaakoby received a "Rental In" form, which also displayed his credit card's expiration date as well as its first four and last four digits. Id.; Pls.' Stmt. ¶ 28.

FACTA prohibits any "person that accepts credit cards or debit cards for the transaction of business" from "print[ing] more than the last 5 digits of the card number or the expiration date upon any receipt provided to the cardholder at the point of the sale or transaction." 15 U.S.C. § 1681c(g)(1). The prohibition applies only to receipts that are "electronically printed." Id. § 1681c(g)(2).

Discussion

On a motion for summary judgment, the Court draws "all reasonable inferences from undisputed facts in favor of the nonmoving party and [views] the disputed evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party." Harney v. Speedway SuperAmerica, LLC, 526 F.3d 1099, 1104 (7th Cir. 2009). A party is entitled to summary judgment "if the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(2). Summary judgment is appropriate "where the record taken as a whole could not lead a rational trier of fact to find for the non-moving party." Matsushita Electric Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587 (1986).

Eaglerider presents two arguments in support of summary judgment. First, Eaglerider contends that the plaintiffs' FACTA claims arising out of the screenshots fail as a matter of law because such screenshots are not "electronically printed" receipts under 15 U.S.C. § 1681c(g)(2) and thus are not subject to the truncation requirements of § 1681c(g)(1). Second, Eaglerider argues that Yaakoby (but not Kelleher) ...


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