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United States v. Colon

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS


March 22, 2010

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
CHRISTOPHER COLON, DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Herndon, Chief Judge

MEMORANDUM and ORDER

Pending before the Court is Colon's motion to modify sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (Doc. 150). Specifically, Colon moves the Court to modify his sentence based on the retroactive change to the "use of misdemeanor and petty offenses in determining a defendant's criminal history score", U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c)(1). Based on the following, the Court dismisses the motion for lack of jurisdiction.

Once a district court enters final judgment it lacks jurisdiction to continue to hear related issues, except to the extent authorized by statute or rule. See Carlisle v. United States, 517 U.S. 416 (1996). 18 U.S.C. § 3582 defines the circumstances under which district courts may modify sentences and otherwise prohibits district courts from doing so, unless "expressly permitted by statute or by Rule 35 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(C)(1)(B). Section 3582(c)(2) provides: in the case of a defendant who has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 944(o), upon motion of the defendant or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or on its own motion, the court may reduce the term of imprisonment, after considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a) to the extent that they are applicable, if such a reduction is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission.

18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (emphasis added); see United States v. Tidwell, 178 F.3d 946, 949 (7th Cir. 1999).

The Court finds that Colon is not entitled to relief under § 3582(c)(2). None of the bases set forth in section 3582 for modification of a sentence is applicable here. Section 1.B1.10 of the United States Sentencing Guidelines is the relevant "policy statement" here. That section specifically and exhaustively lists the amendments whose retroactive application under section 3582(c)(2) is authorized. See U.S.S.G. §1B1.10(c). It further provides that, "[i[f none of the amendments listed in subsection (c) is applicable, a reduction in the defendant's term of imprisonment under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) is not consistent with this policy statement and thus is not authorized." U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(a).

Colon's motion is brought based on Amendment 709 amending § 4A1.2(c)(1), which went into effect on November 1, 2007 (after Colon's March 10, 2005 sentencing). Despite Colon's assertion, this amendment does not apply retroactively pursuant to section § 3582 because it is not included in section 1B1.10(c)'s list of retroactively applicable amendments. Therefore, this Court is without jurisdiction to entertain Colon's motion and neither 18 U.S.C. § 3582 nor the amended U.S.S.G. § 4A1.2(c)(1) provides any basis for the requested modification of Colon's sentence. See, e.g., Ebbole v. United States, 8 F.3d 530, 539 (7th Cir. 1993)(declining to apply U.S.S.G. § 3E1.1 retroactively on grounds that amendment to section did not appear in list of amendments in section 1B1.10(d)) .

Accordingly, the Court dismisses for lack of jurisdiction Colon's motion to modify sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (Doc. 150).

IT IS SO ORDERED.

DavidRHer|do| Chief Judge United States District Court

20100322

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