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Allen v. City of Chicago

January 8, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Michael T. Mason, United States Magistrate Judge

Judge Robert W. Gettleman


Plaintiff Valerie Allen ("Allen" or "plaintiff") commenced this action for retaliation against her former employer, defendant City of Chicago (the "City" or "defendant") on January 14, 2009. As alleged in the second amended complaint, the operative complaint in this case, Allen began her employment with the City in 1986. In 2004, she was appointed to the position of Assistant to the Treasurer at the Office of the City Treasurer. From approximately December 2006 through March 2008, Allen filed multiple complaints and/or discrimination charges with the Illinois Department of Human Rights ("IDHR") and the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") against defendant alleging race, sex, and retaliation discrimination (collectively referred to herein as the "IDHR litigation"). The City terminated Allen's employment effective April 4, 2008.

I. The Incomplete Meet and Confer Process

Presently before this Court is plaintiff's amended motion to compel defendant to fully respond to discovery requests served on August 18, 2009. Plaintiff argues that defendant "has failed to answer all interrogatories propo[u]nded, failed to produce all responsive documents to plaintiff's request for production and failed to provide an adequate privilege log." Pursuant to Local Rule 37.2, the court will not hear a discovery motion unless the parties have made "good faith attempts to resolve differences" through "consultation in person or by telephone." The record before this Court includes nine letters and/or emails that address the issues raised in plaintiff's motion, many of which purport to memorialize a conference held pursuant to Local Rule 37.2. Plaintiff further states that the parties have engaged in "multiple Rule 37 conferences." We do not dispute the number of conferences held. Rather, we find that the parties did not complete the meet and confer process, and have not satisfied their obligation to make a good faith attempt to resolve their differences. In the interest of judicial economy, this Court will consider plaintiff's motion. However, the parties are advised that any future discovery motions filed without a thorough and complete meet and confer process will be denied.

Among other things, the parties did not make a good faith effort to agree on a date by which the City would supplement its discovery responses. Defendant states, in its response, that during a November 23, 2009 telephone conference and in response to the City's objections, plaintiff agreed to "clarify and/or narrow certain discovery requests." This agreement came almost two months after plaintiff received defendant's discovery responses, and neither party adequately explains the delay. According to defendant, as part of the agreement, it "agreed to supplement certain interrogatories and document production responses before the scheduled close of discovery, December 22, 2009." Plaintiff reasonably objected to this time frame. In a letter dated November 24, 2009, plaintiff's counsel informed defendant that its proposal to supplement on the last day of discovery would not suffice. Counsel subsequently proposed that the parties "schedule an in-person meeting or conference call for December 9, 2009 and work together to conclude outstanding discovery." There is no indication that any such meeting occurred. Had the parties agreed on a reasonable deadline to supplement (prior to the close of discovery and the filing date for plaintiff's motion), many of the issues currently before this Court could have been resolved.

Plaintiff's eighteen page motion also runs afoul of Local Rule 7.1, which provides that no brief shall exceed fifteen pages without prior approval of the court, and is therefore subject to being stricken. In the interest of judicial economy, we decline to strike plaintiff's motion. The parties are reminded of their obligation to comply with the Local Rules, as well as this Court's Standing Orders and Case Management Procedures. We also note that defendant attached plaintiff's motion as exhibit O to its response, and that many of defendant's exhibits duplicate the exhibits attached to plaintiff's motion. This is unnecessary. This Court will take judicial notice of any order, brief or pleading entered in the docket in this case. Moreover, when responding to a motion, the parties are encouraged to reference the movant's exhibits, rather than attach duplicate copies.

Having addressed our procedural concerns, we turn to the substantive issues raised in plaintiff's motion.

II. The Discovery Requests

A party may "obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b). Relevant information is not limited to that which is admissible at trial. The relevancy standard is met if the discovery "appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence." Id.; see also Rubin v. Islamic Repub. of Iran, 349 F. Supp. 2d 1108, 1111 (N.D. Ill. 2004) ("Requests for discovery are relevant if there is any possibility that the information sought may be relevant to the subject matter of the action."). However, as the Seventh Circuit has explained, "discovery is not to be used as a fishing expedition." E.E.O.C. v. Harvey L. Walner & Assoc., 91 F.3d 963, 971-72 (7th Cir. 1996).

Plaintiff filed her amended motion on December 18, 2009. In that motion, plaintiff seeks an order compelling defendant to fully answer various requests for production, including Request Nos. 1, 4, 7, 9, 14, 22-23, 24, 26 and 34. Defendant states, in its response, that it supplemented its response to those requests on December 21, 2009. Defendant further argues that plaintiff's motion is moot to Interrogatories Nos. 3, 9-12, 16-17 and 21 because the City provided additional information in its First Supplemental Answers and Objections to Plaintiff's Interrogatories served on December 21, 2009. To the extent plaintiff moves to compel a response to the recently supplemented discovery, its motion is denied without prejudice.

The remaining disputed Interrogatory is No. 19, which asks defendant to "describe any negative entries in plaintiff's personnel file." In response, defendant raised various objections and referred plaintiff to her personnel file. This is permissible. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(d) (authorizing the production of business records in response to an interrogatory). Plaintiff's motion is denied as to Interrogatory No. 19.

Turning to the disputed requests for production, plaintiff moves to compel a complete response to Request No. 36, which seeks documents related to any investigation of any charges or reports of discrimination and/or retaliation made by plaintiff against any of the City's employees, officers, directors or agents. In responding to this request, defendant properly objected to producing documents containing privileged information and stated that it would produce responsive documents Bates numbered D000319-2143. Plaintiff does not provide any basis for this Court to find that defendant's response is insufficient. We are also persuaded by defendant's argument that any claim of discrimination, harassment and/or retaliation made by plaintiff against another division of the City prior to her employment with the Office of the City Treasurer is not relevant to her current claim, and that locating any such information would be unduly burdensome. Accordingly, Allen's motion is denied as to that request. It is also denied as to Request No. 38, which seeks copies of all business calendars and/or appointment books maintained by any supervisor. Plaintiff has not shown that the requested information is relevant to any claim or defense. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b) (stating that a party "may obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense.").

Next, plaintiff seeks to compel a response to Request Nos. 47-49, 53-56 and 58-59. The disputed portions of these requests relate to plaintiff's supervisors Stephanie Neely and Mark Mitrovich (the "Supervisors"). Request Nos. 47-49 demand the production of any and all documents that relate or pertain to the Supervisors' performance reviews and evaluations; complaints or reports of harassment, discrimination, and/or retaliation made against them by persons other than the plaintiff; and any disciplinary action taken against the Supervisors as a result of the aforementioned complaints or reports. Plaintiff argues, without providing any context or supporting authority, that these documents are relevant "because they may illustrate a history of harassment." Defendant responds that plaintiff is engaged in a fishing expedition. To the extent these requests seek "any and all documents," they are overly broad. However, any past complaint(s) made against the Supervisors and resulting reprimand or disciplinary action should be produced in response to Request Nos. 48-49. If, as ...

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