The opinion of the court was delivered by: Herndon, Chief Judge
On July 5, 2007, the United States filed this action in this Court alleging that Defendants violated the Fair Housing Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601-3619 ("FHA") by failing to design and construct the Hartman Lane and Rockwood Court apartments (collectively the "Rockwood" apartments) in Shiloh, Illinois in compliance with the FHA's requirements regarding accessibility for persons with disabilities. On February 20, 2009, the United States filed a motion for summary judgment on liability (Doc. 102). On July 10, 2009, Defendants Shanrie Co., Inc., Dan Sheils, Netemeyer Engineering Associates, Inc., Forest Hills, L.P., Mark Twain Trust, Pamela Bauer, and Brain Bauer (collectively "Defendants") filed a response to Plaintiff's motion, claiming that the Defendants had forwarded Plaintiff's counsel an offer of judgment and proposed consent order (Doc. 147). Plaintiff filed a reply arguing that Defendants' response did not address the arguments raised by Plaintiff's motion and was thus not responsive (Doc. 149). Due to Defendant's failure to respond to Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, the Court considers Defendants' failure to respond an admission of the merits of Plaintiff's motion.*fn1
The United States contends that each of the Defendants played some role in the design and construction of the Rockwood Court and Hartman Lane apartments. Shanrie built the Rockwood Court and Hartman Lane apartments. Sheils is the president of Shanrie. Sheils developed the design for the Hartman Lane apartments, and the design was later used for the one-bedroom apartments at Rockwood Court. Sheils hired Netermeyer Engineering Associates, Inc. to create building plans based on Sheils concepts and the sealed plans, provided by Patrick Netemeyer, were used to obtain the building permits for Hartman Lane Aprtments. The Mark Twain Trust held title to the property at the time the buildings were constructed and Brian Bauer was the beneficiary of the trust. Both Brian Bauer and Pamela Bauer retained Sheils to build the apartments at Rockwood Court and Pamela Bauer was involved in the decision to use the same one-bedroom design used at Hartman Lane in the one-bedroom apartments at Rockwood Court. Forest Hills gained ownership of the Rockwood Court property when Brian Bauer and Pamela Bauer dissolved the Mark Twain Trust and transferred its holdings to Forest Hills, L.P.. Forest Hills bought the Hartman Lane apartment from Dan Sheils on October 31, 2006. Forest Hills is owned and controlled by Brian Bauer and Pamela Bauer.
In 1996, Brian Bauer, Pamela Bauer, and Dan Sheils decided to build apartment buildings on lots located in the Rockwood subdivision in St. Clair County. The lots were originally owned by the Mark Twain Trust. The Rockwood apartments consists of two complexes, one with three buildings on Hartman Lane (the "Hartman Lane" apartments) and one with four buildings on Rockwood Court (the "Rockwood Court" apartments).
The Hartman Lane apartments consist of three buildings located in the Rockwood subdivision. Prior to construction, Brian Bauer and Pamela Bauer, through the Mark Twain Trust, sold the lots where the apartments would be built to Dan Sheils. Shanrie and Sheils (the "Shanrie Defendants") hired Netemeyer to create building plans based on concepts presented by Sheils. The floor plans and site plans for Hartman Lanes were prepared by Netemeyer and the Shanrie Defendants used the plans to obtain building permits. Since their completion in approximately September 1997, none of the ground floor units in the Hartman Lane apartments have had an accessible route to the entrances.
The Rockwood Court apartments consist of four buildings located on lots 23 and 25-26 in the Rockwood subdivision. The Bauers hired Leonard Land of L&S Builders Design, Inc. to prepare plans for two-bedroom apartment building. However, for the one-bedroom units, the Bauers used the same floorplans as those used by the Shanrie Defendants for the Hartman Lane apartments. Sheils and Shanrie were hired as the contractor for the apartments. The building located on lot 23was ready for occupancy in July 1999 while the building on lots 25-26 was ready for occupancy by January 2000. The four buildings each have two breezeways leading to the units. Three of the breezeways are accessible while five of the breezeways are not accessible. While new ramps have been constructed at two of the entries, the landings associated with these ramps are not in compliance with the FHA.
A. Summary Judgment Standard
Summary judgment is appropriate under the FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE when "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." FED.R.CIV.P.56(c); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). The movant bears the burden of establishing the absence of factual issues and entitlement to judgment as a matter of law. Wollin v. Gondert, 192 F.3d 616, 621-22 (7th Cir. 1999). The Court must consider the entire record, drawing reasonable inferences and resolving factual disputes in favor of the non-movant. Schneiker v. Fortis Inc. Co., 200 F.3d 1055, 1057 (7th Cir. 2000); Baron v. City of Highland Park, 195 F.3d 333, 337-38 (7th Cir. 1999). In response to a motion for summary judgment, the non-movant may not simply rest on the allegations as stated in the pleadings. Rather, the non-movant must show through specific evidence that an issue of fact remains on matters for which the non-movant bears the burden of proof at trial. Walker v. Shansky, 28 F.3d 666, 670-71 (7th Cir. 1994), aff'd, 51 F.3d 276 (citing Celotex, 477 U.S. at 324).
No issue remains for trial "unless there is sufficient evidence favoring the non-moving party for a jury to return a verdict for that party. If the evidence is merely colorable, or is not sufficiently probative, summary judgment may be granted." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249-50 (1986) (citations omitted); accord Starzenski v. City of Elkhart, 87 F.3d 872, 880 (7th Cir. 1996); Tolle v. Carroll Touch, Inc., 23 F.3d 174, 178 (7th Cir. 1994). However, when all the Court has before it are the diametrically opposed statements of the parties on the ...