The opinion of the court was delivered by: Reagan, District Judge
A. Introduction and Procedural Background
Plaintiffs, the trustees of various employee benefit funds ("the Funds"), brought suit against Defendants, Trudi Springman, Aaron Springman and A. C. Springman Electric, Inc., under Sections 502 and 515 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended ("ERISA"), 29 U.S.C. §§ 1132, 1145 and under Section 301of the Labor Management Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 301. The Funds seek to recover fringe benefit contributions and working dues allegedly owed them by Defendants. On July 7, 2008, the Funds amended their complaint to add Leo M. Springman and Springman and Son Electrical Contractors, Inc., raising similar claims as to these additional Defendants.
Before the Court is Defendants' motion for summary judgment on all claims against Defendant Trudi Springman (Doc. 67). The Court now analyzes the pending motion, starting with the standards which govern disposition of the issues raised therein.
B. Applicable Legal Standards
Summary judgment is proper if the pleadings, depositions, interrogatory answers, admissions, and affidavits leave no genuine issue of material fact, and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. FED.R.CIV.P. 56(c); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23 (1986). In determining whether a genuine issue of material fact exists, the Court views the record in the light most favorable to -- and draws all reasonable inferences in favor of -- the non-moving party.
Because the primary purpose of summary judgment is to isolate and dispose of factually unsupported claims, the non-movant may not rest on the pleadings but must respond, with affidavits or otherwise, setting forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial. Oest v. Illinois Department of Corrections, 240 F.3d 605, 610 (7th Cir. 2001). The non-movant must do more than demonstrate some factual disagreement between the parties. Logan v. Commercial Union Ins. Co., 96 F.3d 971, 978 (7th Cir. 1996).The issue in dispute must be material. Irrelevant or unnecessary facts do not preclude summary judgment even when they are in dispute. Outlaw v. Newkirk, 259 F.3d 833, 837 (7th Cir. 2001).
Stated another way, only disputes that could affect the outcome of the suit under governing law properly preclude the entry of summary judgment. Outlaw at 837 (citing McGinn v. Burlington Northern R.R. Co., 102 F.3d 295, 298 (7th Cir. 1996). See also Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249 (1986) (A factual dispute is "genuine" only when there is sufficient evidence favoring the nonmoving party for a jury to return a verdict in his favor.).
Defendants submit that summary judgment is proper on all claims against Defendant Trudi Springman because she was not an owner, officer, director or employee of A. C. Springman Electric ("Springman Electric"), A. C. Springman Electric, Inc., or Springman & Sons Electrical Contractors, Inc. Defendants submit that Trudi Springman contributed no money to any of these business and received no wages, salary or profits from them. According to Defendants, under 29 U.S.C. § 1145 and under the terms of the collective bargaining agreements ("CBA") at issue, Trudi Springman is not an "employer" and is not liable to the Funds for any amounts under any of the claims asserted.
The Funds submit that Trudi Springman is an employer within the meaning of ERISA and the CBAs, and, as such, she was required to file reports and pay monthly obligations to the benefit plans covered by this complaint at the rates set forth in the CBAs for the benefit of bargaining unit employees.
It is undisputed that on four occasions, between March 2005 and June 2006, Trudi Springman signed letters of assent on behalf of Springman Electric (3/1/05, 4/1/05) and Springman Electric, Inc. (6/1/06).*fn1 Doc. 47, Exhibits B, F, I, J. Each letter of assent provided as follows:
In signing this letter of assent, the undersigned firm does hereby authorize Alton-Wood River Division, IL Chapter NECA as its collective bargaining representative for all matters contained in or pertaining to the current and any subsequent approved Residential [or "inside"] labor agreement between the Alton Wood River IL Chapter NECA and Local Union 649, IBEW. In doing so, the undersigned firm agrees to comply with, and be bound by, all of the provisions contained in said current and subsequent approved labor agreements. Doc. 47, Exhibits B, F, I, J.
The forms indicate that Trudi Springman "signed for the employer" and as "owner." According to Aaron Springman, Trudi Springman signed the letters of assent at the union hall's request because he could not sign them and legally work out of the union hall. Doc. 68, Exhibit 3, Springman Dep., 222:1-7. He contends that she had no other role in any of the businesses. See id., 222:22-223:1; 223:22-224:1; 225:6-8. The question then ...