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Rollins v. Sherrod

January 23, 2009

SCOTT M. ROLLINS, PETITIONER,
v.
W. A. SHERROD, RESPONDENT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Murphy, District Judge

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

This action is before the Court on a petition for writ of habeas corpus filed under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (Doc. 1). For the reasons set forth below, the petition is dismissed.

FACTUAL BACKGROUND

On March 29, 1985, in the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, Petitioner Scott M. Rollins was sentenced to an aggregate sentence of 25 years imprisonment for multiple counts of Bank Robbery and Conspiracy to Commit Bank Robbery (Doc. 14-3). Rollins was remanded to the Federal Bureau of Prisons and began serving his sentence in the Federal Correctional Institution in Oxford, Wisconsin, on April 11, 1985 (Doc. 14-2 and 14-4). On September 23, 1985, Rollins was transferred to the custody of Larimer County, Colorado, pursuant to the Interstate Agreement on Detainers ("IAD") (Doc. 14-5).

Nine months later, on June 16, 1986, Rollins was sentenced in a Larimer County District Court to 16 years imprisonment for Aggravated Robbery, Conspiracy to Commit Aggravated Robbery, and a Crime of Violence, all stemming from an offense that occurred on July 20, 1983 (Doc. 1, Exh. B; 14-6). In that case, Case Number 84 CR 773, the Colorado judge ordered that the sentence run consecutively to the 25-year federal sentence Rollins was then serving.

The next month, on July 30, 1986, Rollins was sentenced in Larimer County District Court to another term of imprisonment of 16 years on a plea of guilty to Conspiracy to Hold Hostages on October 30, 1985 (Doc. 1, Exh. B; 14-7). In that case, Case Number 85 CR 1074, the Colorado judge ordered that the sentence run consecutively to the federal sentence but concurrently with the prior state sentence on the robbery conviction. After disposition of these state actions, Rollins was returned to federal custody at the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas, to continue serving his federal sentence (Docs. 14-2 and 14-4).

Rollins filed a motion for post-conviction relief in the Larimer County District Court on both of his State of Colorado convictions (Doc. 1, Exh. B). Specifically, Rollins sought to withdraw his guilty plea in Case Number 85 CR 1074. The Colorado court rejected Rollins's motion for post-conviction relief.

On May 26, 1995, in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania, Rollins was sentenced to 188 months imprisonment on a guilty plea to one count of conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance (Doc. 14-8).*fn1 The judgment specified that the term of imprisonment was to run consecutively to the 25-year sentence imposed in the District of Minnesota. On September 28, 2000, the 188-month term was reduced to 130 months (Doc. 14-9).

On April 1, 1993, the Office of the District Attorney for the Eighth Judicial District of the State of Colorado ("State of Colorado") sent a letter to the United States Penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania ("USP-Lewisburg"), asking that a detainer be placed upon Rollins for the two Larimer County convictions (Doc. 14-14). Officials at USP-Lewisburg sent a Detainer Action Letter informing the State of Colorado that a detainer had been filed against Rollins. The letter reported that Rollins's tentative release date at that time was March 24, 1996, and that another letter would be sent approximately 60 days prior to Rollins's release.*fn2

On January 17, 2002, Rollins filed a prison-level administrative remedy request, the abstract of which states: "claims state sentence is concurrent/wants det removed" (Doc. 14-13). Institutional administrative records indicate that Rollins later withdrew the request (Doc. 14-2, ¶ 10). Approximately one week at Rollins's request was filed, the State of Colorado sent a fax to officials at the Federal Correctional Institution in Florence, Colorado, asking that the detainer against Rollins be released, stating, "Defendant has completed his sentence for our jurisdiction" (Doc. 1, Exh. D-2; 14-16) Several years later, on January 25, 2007, the State of Colorado sent a letter to officials at the Federal Correctional Institution in Greenville, Illinois, asking that a detainer be placed on Rollins for Colorado Case Number 85 CR 1074 (Doc. 1, Exh. E-1 and E-2; 14-17).

Rollins filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on February 20, 2008, challenging the January 25, 2007, detainer (Doc. 1). Rollins argues that the 2002 removal and subsequent 2007 re-issuance of the detainer by the State of Colorado violated the plea agreement he entered into with the State of Colorado in July 1986.

In response, Warden Sherrod argues that the petition should be dismissed because (1) Rollins did not exhaust his administrative remedies, and (2) because he is not entitled to relief under either section 2241 or the IAD.

ANALYSIS

The Interstate Agreement on Detainers ("IAD") is a compact among certain states, territories, and the United States regarding transfer of custody from one state to another, or from the federal government to a state, of prisoners who are subject to outstanding charges in another jurisdiction. See Carchman v. Nash, 473 U.S. 716, 719 (1985). As a congressionally-approved compact, the IAD is federal law. Id.; Esposito v. Mintz, 726 F.2d 371, 372 (7th Cir. 1984). A detainer is "a request filed by a criminal justice agency with the institution in which a prisoner is incarcerated, asking ...


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