IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION
January 16, 2008
S. ALEJANDRO DOMINGUEZ, PLAINTIFF,
PAUL HENDLEY, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Milton I. Shadur Senior United States District Judge
As the several in-court proceedings addressing defendants' motion to supplement the appellate record reflect, the appellate counsel for defendants has arbitrarily rejected this Court's directive to confer with plaintiff's counsel to confirm a readily-ascertainable matter: which of the potential jury instructions that had originally been numbered by the trial court defense counsel*fn1 were then withdrawn by such counsel even before this Court had occasion to rule on those potential instructions. In response to the motion to supplement the record, this Court has held that it will not certify such voluntarily withdrawn potential instructions as part of the record on appeal.
In that respect the attention of counsel is called to the recent opinion of our Court of Appeals in United States v. Haskins, No. 06-1438, 2007 WL 4482208, at *3-*4 (7th Cir. Dec. 26, 2007). There the Court dealt with an asserted error of the district court in failing to give a jury instruction that had originally been proposed by the government but was then objected to by defendant. Here is what the Court held (id.):
Although the district court was initially inclined to give the instruction over Haskins' objection, it ultimately withdrew the instruction.
Based on this chain of events, the government contends that Haskins has waived his argument about the instruction. We agree. Although Haskins claims we can review the issue for plain error, counsel's argument against inclusion of the instruction amounts to waiver. Unlike forfeiture (the failure to timely assert a right), waiver is the intentional abandonment of a known right, and precludes appellate review. See, e.g., United States v. Olano, 507 U.S. 725, 733, 113 S.Ct. 1770, 123 L.Ed.2d 508 (1993); United States v. Charles, 476 F.3d 492, 495 (7th Cir. 2007). Here Haskins knew he had the right to request the instruction, and instead argued against it. Accordingly, he has waived the issue. See Repa v. Roadway Exp., Inc., 477 F.3d 938, 942 (7th Cir. 2007).
If as in Haskins a party is held to have waived, and therefore cannot seek appellate review of, any issue as to an instruction against which that party had argued and which was then not given to the jury, the situation here--involving potential instructions that a party has voluntarily withdrawn before even seeking their inclusion or the district court's ruling--follows a fortiori as an express waiver. That has been and continues to be the predicate for this Court's refusal to certify those really nonexistent instructions as a supplement to the record on appeal. And because counsel have advised this Court that the transcripts of the current in-court proceedings will be tendered to the Court of Appeals for its consideration, this memorandum order must also be transmitted to that court.