The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable David H. Coar
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Before this Court is Plaintiff s motion for class certification; Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment; Defendant Arrow's motion for summary judgment and Defendant Blatt's motion for summary judgment. For the reasons set forth below, Plaintiff's motion for class certification is DENIED; Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment is GRANTED as to the five year statute of limitations period and DENIED as to the FDCPA violation; Defendant Blatt's motion for summary judgment is GRANTED as to improper venue; and Defendants Blatt and Arrow's motions for summary judgment are DENIED as to all other claims.
John Parkis is a resident of Illinois, having resided in Rockford, Illinois since August 2003. Parkis brings this action for violation of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. §1692 ("FDCPA") against Arrow Financial Services, LLC and Blatt, Hasenmiller, Leibsker & Moore. Arrow Financial Services, LLC ("Arrow") is a limited liability company that engages in the business of buying bad debts allegedly owed by consumers and enforcing the debts against the consumers. Arrow is a debt collector as defined by the FDCPA. Blatt, Hasenmiller, Leibsker & Moore ("BHLM" or "Blatt") is a law firm with offices in Chicago. BHLM's practice consists primarily of the collection from consumers of debts allegedly owed to others, through use of mail, telephones and legal proceedings. BHLM is a debt collector as defined by the FDCPA.
On or about July 9, 1999, Arrow acquired the right to collect a credit card debt allegedly owed by Plaintiff to Fleet Bank Services Corporation ("the Debt"). Plaintiff obtained the Fleet credit card when he resided in California in the 1990s. Plaintiff claims that according to Arrow's Collection Notes and Arrow's Vice President Brian Cutler's deposition, the last payment Plaintiff made on the Fleet credit card account was prior to July 9, 1999. The Debt was "charged-off"*fn1 on or about November 15, 1995. When Arrow acquired the Debt, it did not obtain documentation, such as monthly statements or credit applications, for Plaintiff's account from Fleet Bank Services Corporation, because Fleet did not have the documentation available.
Arrow claims that it sent 16 letters and made 73 calls to Plaintiff in an attempt to collect the Debt. Plaintiff does not recall any contact with Arrow. Arrow's policy treats Illinois credit card debts as subject to the 10-year statute of limitation which applies to written contracts because credit cards are generally issued pursuant to a written card member agreement.
On or about May 11, 2005, Arrow referred Plaintiff's account to BHLM. BHLM sent an initial validation letter to Plaintiff on May 13, 2005 with FDCPA disclosures, advising of BHLM's representation and the balance Arrow claimed Plaintiff owed. At the time of placement and before any calls or letters are sent, BHLM runs accounts through various "scrubs"*fn2 to ensure the data provided by its client is accurate. BHLM's attorney team is trained to look for statute of limitations issues. BHLM runs a scrub on accounts to detect any bankruptcy filings so BHLM does not collect on an account discharged to bankruptcy. BHLM runs address and phone number checks, and zip codes are manually reviewed by a senior level legal clerk to identify any bad zip codes. No letters or calls are sent or made on the collection floor until the report is released to the office services department after manual attorney review and the scrubs are complete. When an account makes it to the legal department, legal clerks review the account to ensure it is eligible for suit. The complaint is prepared by the law clerk who reviews the account information to ensure the suit is within the statue of limitations based on the type of account and in the right venue. An attorney then reviews the account and ensures there are not disputes, bankruptcies, payments or statute of limitations issues before signing the complaint.
On or about October 14, 2005, BHLM filed a lawsuit on behalf of Arrow against Plaintiff in the Circuit Court of Cook County in an attempt to collect the Debt. BHLM's complaint had one exhibit attached to it: a document captioned Affidavit of Indebtedness executed by an account manager employed by Arrow. The affiant stated Plaintiff's account balance was $8,218.87, consisting of $5561.52 principal and $2657.35 in interest owed to Arrow on his Fleet Services account. When the Cook County sheriff attempted to serve the summons on the Plaintiff, he realized that Plaintiff did not reside in Cook County, as BHLM's records showed, but rather lived in Winnebago County. As a result, BHLM ran a second scrub and identified Plaintiff's correct residence in Winnebago County (Rockford). Plaintiff was served with an alias summons at his place of residence in Winnebago County. Plaintiff was unable to appear in Chicago on the return date and a default judgment was entered against him. Plaintiff retained counsel, and claims that the default judgment was vacated and the case was transferred to Winnebago County. Plaintiff offers no information as to what happened after the transfer. Defendant claims it does not have knowledge of the vacated judgment or the transfer to Winnebago County. This is odd because presumably Plaintiff would have raised the limitations issue argued here in those proceedings and the Illinois court may have already decided that issue. However, if the parties do not believe that the status/disposition of the state case is important, this court will press the issue.
Plaintiff then brought the present action, alleging violation of FDCPA for Defendants' attempt to deceptively collect time-barred debts and sue in an improper venue. Plaintiff claims that Defendants engaged in deceptive debt collection when they regularly filed debt collection actions based on contracts not wholly in writing where the last payment date or charge-off date is more than five years prior to filing. Under Plaintiff's theory, because Defendants failed to attach a written contract between the credit card company and the Plaintiff (the basis on which the debt was being sued for), the claim is subject to a five year statute of limitations period. Defendants contend that the 10 year statute of limitations applies to credit card debts, and that Defendants properly sued for debt collection on October 14, 2005 for a debt that was "charged off" on November 15, 1995. Defendant and Plaintiff do not agree as to when the last date of payment occurred.
Plaintiff seeks class certification under two class definitions:
(1) The Arrow class consists of (a) all individuals (b) against whom Arrow filed a lawsuit in the Illinois state courts, (c) to collect an alleged credit card debt (d) where defendants' records do not truthfully show that a payment was made within 5 years prior to the filing of the action, (e) which lawsuit was pending at any time during a period beginning on January 22, 2006 and ending on February 11, 2007. Persons against whom judgments were entered and not vacated or set aside are excluded.
(2) The BHLM class consists of (a) all individuals (b) against whom BHLM filed a lawsuit in the Illinois state courts, (c) to collect an alleged credit card debt (d) where defendants' records do not truthfully show that a payment was made within 5 years prior to the filing of the action, (e) which lawsuit was pending at any time during a period beginning on January 22, 2006 and ending on February 11, 2007. Persons against whom judgments were entered and not vacated or set aside are excluded.
Before this court are (1) Plaintiff's motion for class certification; (2) Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment; (3) Defendant Arrow's motion for summary judgment; and (4) Defendant BHLM's motion for ...