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Robinson v. Moran

October 5, 2007

BONNIE ROBINSON, INDEPENDENT ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF MICHAEL J. ROBINSON, PLAINTIFF,
v.
DANIEL MORAN, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Byron G. Cudmore, Magistrate Judge

OPINION

This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff's Motion to Enforce Subpoenas Served on the Illinois Department of Corrections (d/e 127) (Motion to Enforce Subpoenas) and Plaintiff's Motion for Sanctions against Defendants Stephen Ruiz and Sandra Funk with Incorporated Memorandum of Law (d/e 134) (Motion for Sanctions). According to Plaintiff's Complaint (d/e 1), Michael Robinson, an inmate of Western Illinois Correctional Center (Western), was killed by his cell mate, Daniel Moran, on March 26, 2004. Plaintiff seeks to enforce subpoenas for documents that were served on the Illinois Department of Corrections. Plaintiff also seeks sanctions against Defendants Stephen Ruiz and Sandra Funk for alleged discovery violations. For the reasons set forth below, the Motion to Enforce Subpoenas is allowed, in part, and the Motion for Sanctions is denied.

At all relevant times, Ruiz and Funk were employed at Western, Ruiz as a Major and Funk as an Assistant Warden. The information before the Court indicates that Robinson was killed in B Wing of Western's Housing Unit R1. The four wings of Unit R1 are configured in an x-shape and connected in the middle to a circular foyer where a corrections officer monitors a control panel. There are doors leading from the foyer to each wing. According to Funk, the timing of the opening of the door from the foyer into the B Wing would have been electronically recorded. Much of the instant dispute revolves around the existence of a printed "timeline" documenting this information.

It is undisputed that, on April 1, 2004, Funk and Ruiz attended a Labor Management Meeting at Western. Plaintiff has supplied the Court with the redacted minutes from this meeting. Motion for Sanctions, Ex. G. The minutes indicate as follows: "As much as the control panel doesn't work, it did give us an accurate timeline on the incident last Friday. Asst. Warden Funk said this will support our staff if it is ever questioned."

Id., p. 2. Funk testified that she had not actually seen a timeline, but that she understood one existed based on information that someone had told her. Id., Ex. A, Continued Deposition of Sandra Funk (Cont'd Funk Dep.), p. 79-80.

A. Motion to Enforce Subpoenas

Plaintiff's Motion to Enforce Subpoenas deals with subpoenas for documents served on May 15, 2007 and June 12, 2007. Motion to Enforce Subpoenas, Ex. A & B. The May 15, 2007 subpoena requested fourteen categories of documents. The June 12, 2007 subpoena requested "1. the timeline referred to by A/W Zimmerman and A/W Funk in the minutes attached hereto . . . 2. any and all documents related problems [sic] with the new touch screen controls in the housing units . . . ." Id. Ex. B, p. 1.

The Court addressed the Motion to Enforce Subpoenas with the parties in a telephone conference on August 23, 2007. Minute Entry, dated August 23, 2007. The Court granted Plaintiff leave to depose two non-parties Assistant Warden Roger Zimmerman and Ricci Schooler in connection with the timeline requested in the June 12, 2007 subpoena.*fn1

The Court noted that Attorney Huntley for the Department of Corrections would review the other document requests, relating to the May 15, 2007 subpoena, and respond by September 15, 2007. The Court directed Plaintiff to file either a motion to withdraw the Motion to Enforce Subpoenas or a status report after deposing Zimmerman.

Zimmerman was deposed on September 6, 2007. On September 17, 2007, Plaintiff filed a Status Report as to Timeline (d/e 141) (Status Report). Plaintiff's Status Report makes no mention of documents requested in the May 15, 2007 subpoena; thus, the Court assumes that Attorney Huntley has responded and that this issue has been resolved. At the conclusion of the Status Report, Plaintiff asks the Court to "order production of the accurate timeline which is a document or printout pulled from the control panel computer showing the opening and closing of the foyer door between the R1 Foyer and the B Wing at Western Illinois Correctional Center on March 26, 2004." Status Report, p. 2-3. As a result, the Court will address the Motion to Enforce Subpoenas only as it relates to this request.

Plaintiff asserts that such a timeline exists or existed at one time. Defendant disputes this, asserting that "[w]ithout a document, there can be no failure to disclose it and no violation of any discovery rule." Response to Plaintiff's Motion for Sanctions (d/e 136), p. 6. Plaintiff bases her belief on the reference to a timeline in the minutes from the Labor Management Meeting and on Funk and Zimmerman's testimony. As previously noted, Funk testified that she had not actually seen a timeline, but that she understood one existed based on information that someone had told her. Zimmerman, who was the assistant warden in charge of operations at the time of Robinson's death, testified that "there was a printout at one time that corresponded with the wing check log as to the officer going into the wing and doing his check and coming back out because there was a computer printout that showed the door being open and closed." Plaintiff's Reply to Defendant's Response to Motion for Sanctions against Defendants Stephen Ruiz and Sandra Funk with Incorporated Memorandum of Law (d/e 140), Ex. A, Deposition of Roger Zimmerman, p. 6-7. Zimmerman explained that the wing check log was a handwritten logbook that was kept to the rear of the wing. Id., p. 20-21.

Zimmerman testified that there were two computer printouts, one documenting the opening and closing of the foyer door and one documenting the timing of cell doors opening and closing. Id., p. 15-16. According to Zimmerman, both computer printouts were printed within several hours of Robinson's death from the computer attached to the control panel for Housing Unit R1. Id., p. 19-22. Zimmerman later clarified that the two data compilations may have been in one document. Id., p. 22. Zimmerman was unsure who pulled up the information and printed it, but he stated that he saw a copy at some point between March 26, 2004 and April 1, 2004. Id., p. 20, 24, 61.

Zimmerman testified that he reviewed the printout or printouts and compared the information contained therein to the wing check log. Id., p. 38. According to Zimmerman, the information correlated. Id. At the time of his deposition, however, Zimmerman stated that he did not recall how long corrections officers were on the wing at the time of Robinson's death. Id., p. 41. Zimmerman further explained that the timeline was "an interpretation of the documents and documenting events" and not anything physical. Id., p. 47, 103. Zimmerman testified that he does not recall what happened to the printout or printouts after he reviewed them. Id., p. 50-51. Zimmerman testified that he never saw the printout or printouts again, but he did not recall hearing that they had been lost or destroyed. Id., p. 51.

Thus, it is clear from the evidence that, at one time, a written printout existed documenting the opening and closing of the foyer door between the control center and Wing B. There is no evidence before the Court regarding the current status of this printout or any efforts that were made to locate it or to ascertain its current status.*fn2 The Motion to Enforce Subpoena is allowed, in part. Defendants are directed to cause the Illinois Department of Corrections to diligently search its records for the printout. If it is not available, Defendants are directed to cause the Department of Corrections to diligently investigate the cause of its disappearance and any potential for recreating it. This information ...


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